Women who smoke marijuana during pregnancy affects the prenatal brain development. As we know that cannabis is too good for health. it treats a lot of diseases. But if we smoke too much marijuana, it has a negative impact on the body.
Due to smoking, women may suffer high rates of psychological disorders such as depression, mood swings, anxiety, and eating disorders.
Use of cannabis during pregnancy
Cannabis is illegal to use during pregnancy because of its extremely harmful effects on prenatal. It has been scientifically proven that cannabis could have long lasting effects on the cognitive development of the baby.
Many studies report that 70% of women have believed that using cannabis during pregnancy does not affect prenatal, so they use cannabis without doctor’s recommendation.
When people smoke marijuana, it has a direct effect on fetus development by passing through the placenta. Mortality rate of babies is increasing due to smoking.
Using cannabis not only affects prenatal development but also affects pregnant women’s health. Gynecologists recommend that do not use marijuana during pregnancy if you want a safe and healthy baby.
Gynecologists also recommend that stop using marijuana when you are trying to conceive a baby. The cannabis affects the fetus of pregnant women even it starts affecting the first trimester.
- It affects the normal brain development of the fetus.
- If women use excessive cannabis during pregnancy then born babies are smaller than the actual weight.
- Use of cannabis and smoking marijuana during pregnancy both affects fetal development and can cause preterm birth.
- It can also cause a small head circumference of the baby.
- The person who smokes in excessive amounts can cause the exposure of carbon dioxide gas. It is very harmful to the body because we exhale carbon dioxide gas.
- It also affects the oxygen that the baby receives and affects the growth of the baby.
Mothers who use cannabis during pregnancy, they could face problems after pregnancy such as behavioral and learning problems.
It can make people lazy and weak. Smoking marijuana can cause asthma. It lowers the levels of oxygen.
Gynecologists also suggest mothers to not use marijuana during breastfeeding.
Is smoking marijuana is addictive?
Women who smoke marijuana before pregnancy, it is difficult for them to abstain from smoking. So, they should concern with psychiatric to sort out this problem. Otherwise, it is harmful to pregnant women and babies.
It can also affect the neurons of the baby. It can alter cognition development.
According to a study, only 24% of pregnant women get no effect of marijuana during pregnancy.
Another study shows, some pregnant women say, we use marijuana for the treatment of nausea.
If women use high doses of marijuana, it can accumulate in the human breast milk which is very harmful to the baby. Brain is developing at this stage.
It can reduce learning skills, memory, behavioral modifications, and lifestyle.
According to a study, 50% of babies suffer from lower birth weight. The chemicals that are present in marijuana affects brain development. So, prefer marijuana before pregnancy.
Factors That Could Potentially Affect Your Cannabis High
Every smoker has their own favorite strain. However, a lot of factors may affect the personal preferences of cannabis smokers. The smoker can empower himself to have better experiences with a variety of strains, by an understanding of the factors that can affect his high, and then select the one that works best for himself. These are the factors that affect your cannabis high.
Set and setting
The cannabis smoker’s environment is essential when talking about his cannabis high. A difference in scenarios tends to affect your high, and hence consideration of your comfort level is important. Being aware of our surroundings will help you figure out what set and setting work best for you, and eventually lead to more enjoyable cannabis high.
Cannabis has various delivery methods – smoking, vaping and edibles, however, each has its own variable. Your body is designed to differently process the cannabis from each method. Furthermore, the amount of cannabis consumed varies with each method, along with the duration of a high – which is reportedly longer, with stronger effects, with edibles.
The quality and length of your cannabis high are subsequently affected by all of these factors. However, limitations with each method are important to recognize.
A new strain, or cannabis consumption with edibles, can lead to tricky factors regarding dosage which is why starting at a low dose is essential and recommended. The most important factor that affects the smoker’s high could be the dosage. Consequently, finding your sweet spot with the perfect preferred dosage can give you the best possible cannabis experience.
This could be one of the most accessible ways to determine the effects of a high on an individual. While some may enjoy the effects of THC, others may find the effects too stimulating or have bad reactions such as anxiety. Considering other cannabinoids as well – such as CBD and more, cannabinoid profiles hold diversity from strain to strain. Experimentation is required to see how each cannabinoid makes you feel. This will give you the power of altering the composition of a strain to give you the type of high you want. However, other factors such as the CBD: THC ratio of the strain can also affect your high.
The scents and tastes in strains are given by terpenes. While their role in cannabis high, require further research, some anecdotal evidence has seemed to support the validity of its role. The potential stress-relieving effects of limonene and the relaxed mood-enhancing effects of linalool could be an example. Meanwhile, linalool is also what gives lavender its scent, and lavender has shown proven relaxing effects.
A link was found between age and effects of cannabis in a 2007 study conducted on rats. Adolescent rats showed higher tolerance levels for the effects of weed compared to adult rats, which showed increasing signs of stress, anxiety, and repressed movement. Further research on age is still necessary, but re-evaluation of the amount and kind of cannabis you consume is recommended if the last time you smoked was as a teenager.
Every person has an individualized cannabis tolerance level. Tolerance is affected by the aforementioned age and other factors that include the frequency of consumption, body chemistry, and the duration of the time period that you have been smoking. To limit consumption especially when consuming cannabis with other people with different tolerances, it is essential to know one’s own personal tolerance.
In conclusion, only the cannabis consumer can determine his own tolerance. Consequently, it helps the consumer hold power over the type of cannabis high that he wants.
DEA to Review Applications to Grow Cannabis for Research, After 4 Years Delay
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has finally announced, after nearly 4 years, that 37 applications to grow cannabis for medical research, will be evaluated, while proposing new rules for the prospective growers, thus outlining how the cannabis-growing program would work.
According to one of the applicants, CEO of the Biopharmaceutical Research Company, George Hodgin, this framework’s release is probably the biggest, the most meaningful, and material progress that has been made for decades, in the federal cannabis policy. He further adds that this will further open a path for the traditional drug development in the United States, while researchers can conduct trials and seek approval for marijuana-based therapies, from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
However, everyone didn’t share the optimism of Hodgin. According to Shane Pennington, an attorney at Yetter Coleman LLP – a Houston law firm representing one of the applicants, the Scottsdale Research Institute, it may take years for Federal rulemaking due to the involvement of soliciting and responding to public comments, especially potential litigation over the decision.
Currently, only the University of Mississippi has grown cannabis, which can be legally used for research in the United States, under a contract with the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). However, there has been growing interest in the potential medical benefits of cannabis, along with the increasing number of Americans using cannabis in states where the drug is legalized. Consequently, researchers are frustrated due to the limitation of the single source.
DEA announced the consideration of applications in August 2016, from other growers. Universities, research institutes, biotech startups, and companies that produced cannabis in states where it was legalized, were all included in the list of prospective growers. However, a few months later, the election of President Donald Trump followed, and a longtime marijuana critic, Jeff Sessions was appointed as attorney general, putting him indirectly in charge of DEA. According to Hodgin, the applicants waited for 3 years, with multiple attempts involved, at outreach through Congress and directly.
The delays frustrating SRI, caused a lawsuit against DEA to be filed in June 2019, aiming to compel it to evaluate and respond to the applications. Only after proposing rules for administering the whole program, was DEA ready to evaluate the pending applications. Reactions from applicants were mixed, ranging from cautiously optimistic to interpreting the move as a stall tactic.
DEA finally released the proposed rules last week. The agency noted that 595 researchers were registered to conduct cannabis studies – increasing from 371 researchers in 2017 and that the production quota for cannabis was increased from 472 to 3200 kilograms during the same time period.
According to Sisley and her legal time, the stipulation is seen as an unnecessary roadblock. She further added, asking why cannabis should be any different when DEA has a mechanism for allowing manufacture and distribution of other tightly regulated drugs for clinical research, that include MDMA, LSD, and psilocybin – all of which are studied as possible treatments for medical conditions such as PTSD and depression.
The new rules may require that growers should have broken no federal laws. If enforced, this may immediately eliminate several applicants and companies that already continue the production or distribution of cannabis in states where the drug is legalized, as growing and selling, or even the possession of cannabis is still a violation of federal law even in cannabis-legalized states.
According to Sisley, SRI complies with federal law and has not yet grown any cannabis, although the requirement will eliminate experienced growers who are responsible for the production of high-quality cannabis (who are essentially ideal participants)
Other countries including Canada and Australia, have licensed growers for research cannabis that are not legalized to take possession of the drug.
New Zealand Launches Medical Cannabis Scheme for Improved Consumer Access
Part of the government’s Ministry of Health, New Zealand’s Medical Cannabis Agency launched its new Medical Cannabis Scheme on April 1, 2020, to improve patients’ access to quality medical cannabis products.
The Ministry of Health developed the scheme for the allowance of the domestic commercial cultivation, manufacture, and distribution of medical cannabis. Furthermore, the quality and licensing requirements are also set out and the scheme is further aligned with the commencement of the Misuse of Drugs (Medicinal Cannabis) Regulations 2019. Local cultivation and manufacture of medicinal cannabis products will be allowed by new regulations, potentially easing the pain of thousands of people, according to the Minister of Health, Dr. David Clark. Issuance of the first medicinal cannabis licenses is expected by mid-2020.
As of the current situation in New Zealand, prescriptions for cannabis products that are sourced from other countries can be filled y medical cannabis patients. However, this can prove to be extremely costly for the patient. Hence, this scheme aims to be cost-effective by bringing down the cost for patients through the availability of locally produced medicine.
Dried products, and a variety of tablets and liquids, are included in the list of the medical cannabis products that have been permitted under the scheme. However, cannabis products that can be smoked are not allowed. Furthermore, cannabis products can be acquired by patients, only from a licensed doctor.
The scheme was announced in December. According to Dr. Clark, watching a loved one struggle with chronic pain and/or particularly near the end of their lives is an experience that many New Zealanders had to go through. He further added how medical cannabis products are expected to potentially make a real difference in the quality of people’s lives. He further explained how the regulations will put the infrastructure in order, thus allowing New Zealanders to locally grow, manufacture, and provide quality medicinal cannabis products, which are intended to help and make a difference in the lives of people living in pain and the people who are nearing the end of their lives.
Before April 1, 2020, approval was needed from the Ministry of Health, by licensed medical practitioners, to be able to prescribe certain products on a case-by-case basis. Removal of these requirements will be made under the new regulations, providing more ease to licensed medical practitioners to prescribe medicines to their patients.
Expecting the issuance of the first license by the middle of this year, the agency has started taking applications for licenses. Potential applicants are required to already have a secured and suitable location, along with the certainty that the facilities that been built or purchased are suitable, along with adequate security for these facilities.
The Ministry has noted that the minimum quality standards are designed to help provide doctors, the confidence in the quality and consistency of medicinal cannabis products, that they prescribe to their patients, and that the standards do not have an inclusion of an assessment of the safety or efficacy of the product.
According to Dr. Clark, over time the suffering of people will be eased by the Government’s medical cannabis scheme, by increasing the availability of a wider range of quality medicinal cannabis products. He further added that the potential of medicinal cannabis holds a huge international interest. Furthermore, the regulations necessarily mean that the New Zealand companies will now be well-placed for the manufacture of medicinal cannabis products for both, the local and international markets. He added, that considerable expertise in the market already exists with 20 licensed cannabis companies (for research) and another 238 growing industrial hemps. Dr. David Clark further added that he expects them to be potential applicants.
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