Around 20% of the people in the United States suffer from some variety of anxiety. Anyone having anxiety may be searching for a new way to relax the body and mind where conventional methods didn’t work. But many people feel nervous about using CBD for their condition that could also be due to lack of general understanding of the component in question.
According to Dr. Peter Bongiorno, a naturopathic doctor and the author of “Healing Depression: Integrated Naturopathic and Conventional Treatments,” many of his patients reach out to ask him whether CBD oil is the latest snake oil, or whether can it actually aid in ameliorating the symptoms of anxiety without bringing side effects.
What is CBD oil?
Cannabidiol or CBD oil is natural cannabis-based oil that includes phyto chemicals known as cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are the “happy” molecules produced naturally by the body when a person is feeling relaxed and safe or involved in some activity that makes him happy, which could include hugging someone, watching a fvourite TV show or sitting down to a highly anticipated meal.
Cannabinoids are also discharged when a person is sleeping well or exercising. Cannabinoids attach to tiny docking stations in the body known as cannabinoid receptors that assist in triggering those feeling happy responses.
Discovered in 1992, the main cannabinoid molecule is called anandamide, which basically means “happy molecule” in Sanskrit.
The cannabinoid system is the main factor in helping the body keeping itself in the right balance. This system makes sure that the stomach and intestines are functioning well, reducing inflammation and modulating pain alongside helping to keep the mood in a good range.
Studies show that the cannabinoids from CBD are able to stop the disintegration of anandamide. In easier terms, a person feels happier and more relaxed when the body retains more anandamide.
Will CBD oil make me high, like Cannabis?
CBD certainly does not give the feeling of being high even when consumed in high quantity, so anyone looking to get high will be most disappointed. CBD oil supplement comes from the cannabis plant. Hemp is a cannabis shrub and is a close relative of marijuana.
However, the CBD derived from hemp has barely any THC or tetra-hydro-cannabinoids. THC is the component present in marijuana that contains psychoactive effects and also gives a high. In fact, several studies carried out on CBD revealed that CBD itself is capable of countering the adverse effects of THC, which includes changed appetite, weight gain, and psychosis.
Is CBD oil legal?
CBD that comes from hemp is legal in all 50 states. And as mentioned earlier, CBD has no functioning measure of THC. There is a miniscule amount present, which is not enough to give the sensation of a high. As a result, there is no legal concern linked to marijuana.
Is CBD good for Mental Wellness?
For many years, the expert committee on drug dependence at World Health Organization has shared an extensive list of conditions that CBD may be of great assistance. Numerous trials carried out on both humans and animals showed that CBD may be effective to reduce the feelings of segregation, relieve symptoms of autism, and lessen the adverse effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
So it is apparent that CBD works to relax the brain and maintain the functioning of hippocampus, which is a brain region central for memory and healthy emotion. A research stated that CBD could lower social anxiety in a way similar to Valium (Diazepam) or Ipsapirone.
In 2012, a double-blind, randomized clinical trial examined the effects of CBD extract for psychosis. In the trial, 40 patients were administered with CBD or an antipsychotic. Both treatments aided symptoms of the patients evenly.
The group taking CBD enjoyed much fewer side effects and no issues with maneuverability, body weight, or hormonal dysfunction — all of which are familiar side effects of antipsychotic drugs. CBD oil has also been studied for its effects in childhood epilepsy.
Is CBD safe for use?
There is now mounting evidence supporting the claim that the use of CBD is extremely safe. In fact, the use of FDA-approved CBD was studied in children suffering from epilepsy, which notes that both children and adults can use it safely.
While CBD possesses the benefits to relax the body and help with pain and inflammation, it does not restrain the breathing complex of the brain as compared to opioid drugs. This is the reason why there is not much apprehension, even when overindulged, that one would have for sedating medications.
For more than 5 decades, medical research has been collecting data to support the safety of CBD. Standard dosage of 10mg to 100mg per day shows no adverse effects. Even in a study where patients were administered 1,280 mg per day did not encounter any issue.
The director of the National Institute of Drug Abuse has stated that CBD is completely secure, and now the FDA has also approved CBD oil for use in children suffering from epilepsy.
Dr. Peter Bongiorno has been working with CBD in his practice for more than 2 years and has not witnessed a problem. At times when patients get extra relaxed, it can give them a strange and unfamiliar feeling that can be worrying to patients who are not used to experiencing calm.
It is important to note that, because of the way the liver functions, CBD may impinge on the clearance of other drugs a person is taking alongside. As always, it’s highly recommended to speak with a doctor before getting started on any new natural supports, particularly if taking prescription medications.
Can CBD oil cause a positive result in a drug test?
As CBD has nearly no THC, so in theory, there is very little to no chance that it will cause a positive drug test. Plus, the follow-up assenting test for marijuana is too explicit to turn up positive from CBD.
Having said this, it is imperative to buy CBD from companies who develop it from an assortment of hemp holding the lowest percentage of THC.
In case one is not sure and may not want to take a chance, it is always good to find out more about it from reliable sources, including a doctor.
How much CBD oil should I take?
It is usually recommended that patients begin with 15mg of CBD once or twice in a day. CBD oil is best consumed with food. Instead of self-prescribing, it is strongly suggested to work with a practitioner who is knowledgeable in natural medicine and who has experience dealing with CBD, especially if using other medications and/or suffering from mental health conditions.
How about the CBD beverages and foods?
At present, a lot of companies are filling the shelves with CBD-infused product. A common guess would be that a vast number of these products are not good quality and may contain little or no CBD.
For anyone planning to use CBD oil as a supplementation for mental wellness, ask the doctor for a premium quality edition that can be taken in a prescribed dosage. It is best not to try and get CBD through other products where the quality and amount are not clearly stated.
Can Cannabis Intervene in the Ovulation?
A recent study recommends women having fertility problems should avoid smoking cannabis for better treatment. It says the usage might intervene in the normal ovulation process.
Females over a count of 400 having treatment through cannabis health reported having pregnancy loss through using the substance. Surprisingly, a few couples with only the male utilizing the cannabis had more probability of having babies.
However, the pilot study shows a lack of evidence that proves that cannabis might improve fertility rates in males. The study appears in the journal of Human Reproduction.
Furthermore, the bad news is that there is very little knowledge about the effects of cannabis on reproductive health. This lack of data is highly concerning as the new trends of more legalization and increasing awareness of its benefits are getting more popular.
Notably, the use is more common among adults of reproductive age. Till now, only a handful of studies have considered the effects of cannabis smoking on both genders relating to fertility.
Is there a direct link of cannabis with reproduction?
In two of the scientific studies, they found no effect on the couples trying to conceive through natural process.
However, another study showed that couples using ART had low fertilization rates due to decline in egg count.
The new research had 421 females who got through 730 cycles of ART around the years 2004 and 2017 at the fertility center at Boston. In the study, partners of 200 women also participated.
Out of the women, 44 percent women and 61 percent men used cannabis. Whereas, 3 percent of the females and 12 percent of the males reported to be regular cannabis smokers.
In the study, 317 females had a positive blood test for pregnancy in 395 ART cycles that had 9 women who were cannabis users. Loss in pregnancy was evident in 54 percent of the cannabis smokers and 26 percent of the non users.
The male partners in the couples who smoked cannabis regularly, 48 percent of them had a baby. The 29 percent of the couples had the partners who did not smoke cannabis.
Can cannabis improve reproductive health?
Some studies on animals have shown that endocannabinoid system in the active state improves testicular function. Whereas, on higher levels, the functionality decreases.
Moreover, scientists have been focusing on the effects of cannabis on males more than on females. This has lead to an improper knowledge about the fertility debate.
However, around a thirty of the scientific studies have showed evidence related to increase in low birthweight risk in women using cannabis. With a weekly use of cannabis, or even more, the risk elevates to an even higher level.
A study published in June in the CMAJ Journal with an existing evidence on cannabis and fertility echoed the same warning.
The use of cannabis in men on a weekly basis linked to a deduction in 29 percent in the sperm count. Also, the use of women during the three months due to a delay in ovulation.
With no solid evidence showing the direct effect of cannabis on conception ability of most couples, cannabis use could aggravate complications.
What Stake Does Congress Have in Cannabis Reforms?
The subcommittee on crime, terrorism and Homeland Security House Judiciary scheduled for debate this year. In the debate, the House decided to have a debate on changing the federal law relating to cannabis and call for cannabis reforms in the cannabis law. This will be a congressional hearing on the cannabis reform in the law for the first time in history.
According to the consensus, there is a need to make most of the cannabis reform. However, there is a difference in opinion when talking about the infrastructure of the legislation and the strategy for it.
There is a very low chance of shedding light on the topic of cannabis decriminalization among the bipartisan parties. The possibility to reach a unanimous agreement is rare.
The debate will be an advancement towards the cannabis law reform action. Legislative bodies and regulators had assumed that the reformation of federal cannabis laws has already discussed regulation. The reality is quite the opposite.
Opinion of people regarding reforms
Many people, including regular cannabis consumers, think that there is a dire need for reforms in the current cannabis law. The cannabis laws at current level do not fully cover all aspects of the substance use and distribution in the country.
The hearing is the first big step in the way of making cannabis reforms. The proposals in the session include discussion on the legislative bodies permitting the states to make their policies. These policies would be rescheduling cannabis and also contain social equity provisions.
Reluctance from big banks
There are some big problems relevant to the payment methods in spreading of legal cannabis in the country. This is because federal law still considers cannabis as an illegal substance. As a consequence, many payment card networks, credit companies, and banks are not comfortable participating in the cause.
This is an inevitable fact that the situation of the policy of legal cannabis at this time is not made of uniform opinion. There are differences of opinion everywhere, and no single seating has been successful in making the uniformity a reality. This has caused a loss in the otherwise potential market for profit.
What does the State’s Act say?
The state’s Act is regarded as one of the most famous bills relevant to cannabis. It would amend the Food and Drug Administration Controlled Substances Act. In addition to this, it also rules out the legal cannabis activity from the federal enforcing bodies.
Some voices suggest that this overall full legalization of cannabis will cause the federal government to no longer intervene in the internal matters of the states. On the other hand, some people think that the bill does not hold a vision. This is because according to them, it does not thoroughly look deep into concerning issues like racial and social discrimination.
While this is going around, the future of the cannabis industry is still bright despite the difference of opinions regarding its reforms. By now, 11 states have legalized and 15 other states have decriminalized cannabis, which is a big win.
How Can Government Help in Cannabis Research?
Dick Durban is the first Senator in the United States to initiate a legislation that would be encouraging cannabis research on the federal level.
The new act is the Expanding Cannabis Research and Information Act according to which there will be complete allowance of research on cannabis federally.
It will be expanding studies on the pros and cons of cannabis use. Scientists in 2017 conducted a study on the current situation of research on cannabis via National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine.
They found that cannabis is beneficial for coping many medical conditions. However, there is a lack of evidence-based research considering its side effects and harms. There is a narrow scape for research on the public health and safety effects from cannabis usage.
More room for advanced research
Over thirty US states have now legalized cannabis in some sort. With the lift from the federal ban, there will be room for cutting edge medicinal research on cannabis. There will be an in-depth understanding of cannabis usage for treating a specific population with disease. These target groups include pregnant women, children and elderly as well.
The federal law considers cannabis and its compounds to be Schedule I controlled substances according to the Drug Enforcement Administration DEA. It further states that cannabis does not have any medical benefit.
The classification implies limitations on cannabis accessibility and usage for research. Scientists will have to undergo many twisting procedures of regulations for every new research on cannabis.
It includes getting cannabis strains through the National Institutes of Health and licenses from the Drug Enforcement Agency. These are formalities in addition to the basic prerequisites.
It has made many conflicts in which many scientists were unable to conduct studies even in states where cannabis was fully available for all purposes.
What will the act imply?
It will be under the consideration of the act to direct these major authorities and regulatory bodies to develop an agenda for cannabis research on national scale. This will be prioritizing fundamental queries and loopholes in evidence.
Furthermore, it will include a study of diseases cannabis can cure effectively. In addition, it will study how cannabis influences susceptible population.
Moreover, there will be a study of long-term effects, delivery modes and addressing public safety concerns.
It will be directing higher authorities to acquire data on cannabis usage and its impact on public health. Surveys and analyses of medical records will help expanding data collection of public health about outcomes and product types.
Cannabis will now have an image of a schedule III instead of a schedule I substance under the Drug Enforcement Administration. It will lift barriers that scientists face while having access to cannabis.
The Centers of Excellence designation established through NIH would help streamline the research pathway. It will enabling universities to have a DEA inspection that would last around five to ten years. This will omit the need for specific approvals for every study.
In addition, it will be also expanding permissible suppliers for cannabis cultivation for research purposes.
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