Reports suggest that there is an increasing trend of using CBD-based products in the United States of America. According to a recent report from Acosta, “The CBD Effect: A Rapidly Emerging Consumer Trend”, almost a quarter of the United States of America customers are using cannabidiol (CBD) products.
Among 28% of consumers, 19% of them are using CBD-based products depending upon their need and 9% of them daily. Acosta also predicts revenue of $20 billion through CBD-based products by 2024.
The consumption of CBD products is getting popular across the globe because of its health benefits. It is one of the constituents of the hemp plant along with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Colin Stewart, vice president at Acosta, says that the increasing sales of CBD-based products depict the consumer’s trust in it. As individuals from all age groups try to avoid chemicals when it comes to their health, CBD products provide a perfect alternative to cure certain diseases.
In comparison, customers usually think positive regarding CBD-infused products. According to an interesting study from Acosta, 55% of the users are of the say “CBD oil is a miracle medication”, while only 11% of them consider these products just a hype.
Top barriers and Farm Bill
Some top barriers of consumer’s mistrust on CBD products are limited research (29%), moral issues (18%), cite pricing (7%), limited regulation (7%) and lack of faith in the product’s claim (29%). The users mostly consume these products to diminish joint pain, relieve anxiety and general wellness.
After the ratification of Farm Bill in the USA last year, the central administration had changed the categorization of cannabis. It eliminated industrial hemp from the classification of marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act of the United States.
Hence, the production of hemp is legal in the United States of America now. On the other hand, marijuana is still a Schedule I drug on the list of FDA.
Under the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA), both THC and CBD cannot be mixed with food. Also, they can’t be sold under the category of dietary supplements. The FDA regulates products including cosmetics, food, and drugs that have THC or CBD as an additive.
The retailers have shown a great interest in CBD products as well
The popularity and the potential of CBD-infused products have attracted a great deal of both small and large scale retailers including Kroger CO., which is the substantial supermarket operator of the country. Other small scale retailers including Dierbergs Markets and online retailers like Thrive Market have also shown a great interest in CBD products.
Till now, CBD products are available in more than 1,300 stores of the Kroger across 22 states of the USA. It includes Fred Meyer, King Soopers, Pick ‘n Save, and QFC. Kroger also has balms, oils, and creams of CBD in its stores of the Houston division. Additionally, it also provides customers with the facility to shop online.
According to Stewart, the sales of CBD-infused products would be larger than the current sales of gum, mints, and candy combined annually by 2024. The research also indicates that one in 10 owners of the pet purchase CBD-infused items for their pets.
Long Term Use of Cannabis Could Affect Your Social Behavior, Here’s Why
While there’s no denying the fact that cannabis has tons of medical benefits, extended exposure to it could have serious social behavioral repercussions.
In a nutshell, long term use of cannabis affects the ability of astrocytes to manufacture food for neurons from glucose. This reduced food production compromises on the neural function, which appears to have adverse effects on the person’s behavior.
The way long term cannabis use alters behavior appears to have a direct link with the cannabinoid function. While it is mostly observation and researchers know of no concrete mechanism yet, cannabis consumption could lead to reduced social interactions and withdrawal.
A deeper understanding of the cannabinoid receptors could prove fruitful in determining the relationship between cannabis and social behavior.
The role of cannabinoids
The role cannabinoids play is much more important than ever since some of these receptors are also present on the mitochondrial membrane. ‘Mitochondrion is the powerhouse of the cell’, is a statement almost everyone is well familiar with. If something were to happen to the mitochondria inside the cells, it could very well reflect on the person’s behavior.
Mitochondria metabolize glucose into lactate, which neurons use as food. The main psychoactive compound in cannabis is THC. A better understanding of the relationship between the two could open doors to new possibilities.
Observations in mice reveal that if astrocytes are exposed to THC for an extended period of time, the cannabinoid receptors present in them start a chain of reactions that in turn lead to glucose metabolism dysfunction.
Therefore, there’s less available ‘food’ for astrocytes. This is like operating some heavy machinery with dry cells from a TV remote. Observations made suggest that this lack of ‘food’ has a direct impact on the subject’s behavior.
Moreover, in extreme cases, exposure to THC hampered social interactions for up to 24 hours.
While uncontrolled use of cannabis could be dangerous, controlled use with appropriate observations could very well be used to deal with some behavioral problems more easily and effectively.
The debate over therapeutic cannabis is yet again a hot topic. A better understanding of cannabis’ effects on the human body could help in finding the optimal solution.
However, for now, a simple rule to keep in mind, excess of everything is bad.
Pennsylvania: Lt. Gov. Fetterman Urges Cannabis Legalization
Lt. Gov. John Fetterman urges Cannabis Legalization to reduce the impact of the budget deficit. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the economy has suffered a lot. Due to the economic setback, the state faces a budget shortfall of $3.2 billion.
Fetterman tweeted to support the legalization of recreational marijuana. He says that legalization of marijuana will open new avenues to generate tax revenue. According to Fetterman, the legalization of marijuana could generate half of this COVID-19 deficit. It will also be helpful in reforming the state prison system.
Recently, Lt. Gov. Fetterman took to Twitter in support of cannabis legalization.
If only there was a widely-consumed unregulated cash crop, wholly confined to the black market, that could generate billions of dollars + 1000’s of jobs + help PA farmers. https://t.co/oIfEeUb8sm
— John Fetterman (@JohnFetterman) July 2, 2020
Catering For Budget Deficit
In an economy greatly hit by the global pandemic, the legalization of recreational cannabis will help providing thousands of jobs to the unemployed.
Majority people of Pennsylvania support the legalization. Fetterman is of the viewpoint that cannabis in Pennsylvania could bring up to 500 million dollars into the state’s coffers which is why he urges Cannabis Legalization.
I don’t know who needs to hear this jk I know who- but earnestly reforming our state prison system + legalization of marijuana could generate half of this COVID-19 deficit.
It would, however, could have other unintended consequences like justice and personal freedom.
— John Fetterman (@JohnFetterman) July 2, 2020
Pennsylvania has a big marijuana market. Its legalization will allow Pennsylvania to stand on its own feet.
Some other politicians, however, disagree with the notion of legalization. They think that instead of adding new taxes, they should try to control the spending. The bill to legalize the adult use of Marijuana is in the committee. However, nothing can be said about the legalization with certainty.
However, According to State Sen. Stefano, his committee is reviewing new research. He told KDKA’s Meghan Schiller that the biggest hurdle is that there is no measurement technique for determining THC concentration in the human body. He said he’s hesitant to move forward, until there’s a way to determine the amount of intoxication.
The State Senator said that the bill was in his committee and he didn’t have plans to bring it up anytime soon. There is still room for a lot of research to be done. The decision to legalize adult-use marijuana isn’t a very wise decision without taking all the factors into account.
However, it’s research business owner Posteraro sees this as an opportunity. He hopes that it doesn’t take too much time to legalize it, because opportunities like these seldom present themselves.
Whether or not Cannabis should be legalized still remains open to debate, but there is no denying could help the nation face a huge financial deficit.
Cannabis Rendered Helpful in Saving Lives of COVID-19 Patients
Recent Researches revealed how Cannabis plant can help in saving lives of COVID-19 patients. The active components found in Cannabis Plant make it seem as a possible treatment for coronavirus infections.
Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Cannabis
The University of Nebraska and the Texas Biomedical Research Institute are conducting further researches to study the utility of CBD to check its utility in treating inflammation of lungs caused by coronavirus. The anti-inflammatory properties of Cannabis can be especially valuable in improving issues related to behaviour, immunity and brain.
Researchers explained that the infection is related to a cytokine superstorm, that causes symptoms like cough, fever and muscle pain. The increased inflammation can even cause pneumonia and breathing difficulties. Breathing difficulties are the number one cause of deaths due to COVID-19.
Reduction in the Amount of Cytokines
Previously, researches conducted on CBD show that it can bring down the level of several cytokines, that cause inflammation, including IL-6. It also helps in controlling interleukin (IL)-2, interferon gamma, IL-1α and β, inducible protein-10, macrophage inflammatory protein-1α, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and tumor necrosis factor-α. Excess of these leads to severe COVID-19 conditions. Moreover, CBD also increases the interferons production. Interferon is a protein that prevents viruse replication and activates immune cells.
CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties have worked wonders for asthma patients by reducing the production of pro-inflammatory cytokine production. CBD also reduces pulmonary fibrosis. This condition causes scarring, thickening and damage to the lung tissue, along with making breathing considerably more painful. COVID-19 actually leaves patients with pulmonary fibrosis. This is the major reason why Cannabis can greatly help COVID-19 patients.
An insight into how COVID-19 works
Much like other respiratory pathogens, COVID-19 is also spread through respiratory droplets. However, it also has potential for contact and aerosol spread.
Coronavirus makes it way into the human body through receptor-mediation. This is done through angiotensin-converting enzyme II (ACE2). ACE2 is present in lung tissue, oral and nasal mucosa, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, and testes.
This information opens door to a new way of hindering the spread of coronavirus. Modulation of ACE2 could prove fruitful in this regard.
A special strain of cannabis can render this function. Through ACE2 modulation it could block the virus’ entry into the human body. Nipping the evil in the bud.
Basically, ACE2 acts like doorways to the virus. The main idea is to temporarily alter the extent of ACE2 gene expression. Therefore, it could very well make the human body a no entry zone for the virus. The same strain could also be used to stop the virus’ propagation if it has made its way into a person’s body.
This is where Cannabis sativa comes into play. Plants with high CBD content have been proposed as a way to modulate the ACE2 gene expression in target tissues.
At this point in time, it is more of a theory than a confirmed fact. However, it sure opens a new avenue with promising prospects. If it proves successful, the next step would be to start manufacture that particular strain into a medication.
It sure looks like CBD properties of cannabis can prove fruitful in the treatment and prevention of coronavirus. However, further research will prove whether it is the case or not.
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