Cannabinol compound is a new derivative in cannabis, a product made as a result of degradation of tetra hydra cannabidiol. It has many potential benefits, and sound sleep is one of the many benefits of this compound.
The cannabis plant does not produce the product in ample quantities. However, on exposure to sunlight and heat, tetra hydra cannabidiol degenerates itself into cannabinol. The scientific process of the degradation of tetra hydra cannabidiol is oxidation as the degradation takes place in the presence of oxygen.
Why does this compound have a bad reputation?
As cannabinol or CBN has a connection with degradation which results mostly of old cannabis, there is a bad reputation built for the compound.
Scientists found this compound for the first time in their scientific exploration of a 2700 years old Chinese tomb. There they found the preserved cannabis and hence the degraded compound in it.
It has astonishing similarities with tetra hydra cannabidiol (THC)
It has a similar molecular structure to its predecessor, tetra hydra cannabidiol. Even THC itself has the compound in its name. Scientists can also make it from a process of decarboxylation. The process occurs on heating cannabis. In addition to that, the process also converts tetra hydro cannabinolic acid and cannabidiolic acid into THC and cannabidiol. These acids are present in minute quantities in cannabis.
Cannabinol compound is present in very minute quantities in cannabis. In addition, the percentage of it in an average cannabis plant is less than one percent. It is quite less in comparison to the more prevalent THC, which is present about 15 to 20 percent in the plant.
There are no strains of cannabis species which are rich in cannabinol yet. It becomes prominent only upon degradation and vaporization. There is a possibility of distilling cannabinol for concentrating it up to 60 percent. It is the same procedure that people do for extracting hemp seed oils.
Is the compound psychoactive like its parent compound, tetra hydra cannabidiol?
The product is slightly psychoactive, however, less in comparison to tetra hydra cannabidiol. Moreover, it is because it reacts with the CB1 receptors in the endocannabinoid system in humans.
These receptors are responsible for the initiation of psychoactive effects of cannabis if it contains psychoactive compounds. Cannabinol compound has almost no affinity to bind itself with these receptors. Furthermore, it is because it does not fit into the receptors due to its structural configuration.
Old studies have shown CBN to be unable to cause psychoactive effects in humans. A study in 1973 concluded that there were no obvious mental and physical anomalies present in people who used CBN. They did the study on six males.
Moreover, seven years later, another study found that CBN had no negative effect on the cognitive functions of the people consuming them. There was no change in motor functions as well.
People who are more sensitive to THC will not feel the same sensitivity on exposure to the CBN. However, some scientists suggest that this compound might amplify the psychoactive effects of the THC.
Abuse of Marijuana Leads to Suicide Attempts and Self-Harm
Recreational use of cannabis can result in addiction. One, two, three, and if the puffs are never-ending and controllable then they may bring you a lot of harm. Usage of cannabis by teens and adults is leading to disorders such as mood swings which are highly connected with self-harm and suicide attempts.
According to the latest research, the high potency of weed raises the risk of anxiety and addiction. The three most important factors contributing to death are overdosage, suicide, and homicide.
Two Sides of Marijuana
The usage of marijuana has two sides. It provides relief from chronic pain and increases appetite that proves to be very useful in case of cancer. On the other hand, one perception is that cannabis is safe to use. We need to educate parents and kids about the risks that are interlinked with the heavy use of cannabis.
Fontanella states that clinicians need to intervene to identify and treat cannabis use disorder as well as kids with mood disorders.
ALSO READ: Two Faces of Marijuana
Disorder by Cannabis Usage
The dependence on the use of weed causes cannabis use disorder. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse a person who is dependent on cannabis when they feel a lack of appetite, restlessness, and sleep difficulties after quitting. NIDA advises that people who begin to use cannabis before the age of 18 are more likely to develop marijuana disorders than adults. According to research back in 2015, it was estimated that 4 million people are likely to suffer from this disorder.
Studies Reveal Bitter Facts
Experts expect that the number will grow due to a rise in varieties of weeds and due to the legalization of marijuana in several states of the USA. Also, studies have revealed that there is a strong relationship between the uncontrollable use of cannabis and suicide attempts and death.
A study discloses the fact that twins adults of the same sex had the urge to commit suicide because of the dependence on marijuana. The ones who were dependent on marijuana were three times more likely to attempt suicide.
In addition to this, another study portrays that 1463 suicides and 7392 natural deaths reported in the USA have a link in between. There is an increased risk of suicide for adults of any sex who are dependent on marijuana.
Who is more likely to abuse?
According to studies children with mood disorders have a very high chance of using and abusing marijuana. Mood stabilizers and psychotic medications can cause weight gain of up to many pounds. People in such cases try to self-medicate with cannabis to treat mood disorders. Research shows that the use of cannabis has an association with the early onset of mood disorder. This leads to the onset of severe mental illness. Whether you use it legally or illegally there is a very high chance of getting dependent on it. Marijuana has the chemical THC which resembles the one that the brain also produces. The main point of concern is when you use cannabis regularly your brain stops producing its version and gets dependent on THC.
Signs of marijuana addiction
There are many signs of becoming an additive person towards marijuana. Some of the symptoms include feeling irritable or moody, anxious, and not being able to sleep. The obvious indicator that this abuse has turned into addiction is when it’s affecting your professional and personal life, and even then you can’t quit it. Ultimately the depression causes you to self-harm and brings suicidal thoughts.
Many studies reveal the fact that marijuana abuse can trigger suicides and self-harm. Treatments for marijuana abuse and addiction include talk therapy, motivational incentives, and medication.
COVID-19 Sparked Anxiety- Triggering usage of Cannabis All over the USA
The troubled and engrossed state of mind all over the world is pushing people to use cannabis. It enables them to feel relief from anxiety and depression. All over the world, people have lost jobs; countries are on the verge of economic wreckage. America has a very bad example of pandemic suffering. COVID-19 infections are spreading and increasing. According to research, ten million workers lost their means of earning bread and butter. When people assume about the prospects of getting new jobs they find themselves surrounding by gloominess. Until now unfortunately there is no end to this sight. It seems like the world is coming to an end now.
How to lessen anxiety?
Marijuana and anxiety are going hands in hands. Now to relieve anxiety Americans are looking forward to their favored and favorite leaf, marijuana. The only positive thing that has come to witness about a pandemic is the changed perceptions about marijuana. A New Jersey doctor and founder of Doctor THC clinic, Dr. Allan Tiedrich, reported an increase in the issuance of medical cannabis cards via Telehealth Services to reduce the personal visits that might accelerate the spreading of risk of infection. According to a study, 30% of people suffer at the hands of anxiety but as the pandemic hits the percentage has increased to 70%.
An uptick in Anxiety as Pandemic Prevails
As we see coronavirus spreads quickly across America and has left a hole in the budget, every other American is labelled as anxious and nervous. Using cannabis has a stigma and shame but as COVID-19 prevails the secrecy is not important. According to research, it is reported that in March 2020, as coronavirus increased and as the cities were imposed with quarantine there were record-breaking sales of cannabis. The lines were long which led to 23 states marking cannabis as important as bread and milk.
Dr Laren Hightower, reports that since the quarantine started in April, she has witnessed a large increase in the number of patients requesting medical cannabis to help them in relieving pain and majorly from anxiety. It is very clear that the new financial statements from job losses, furloughs, and shifting to work from home can’t lower anxiety levels. Covid’19 cases are increasing daily in at least 40 states.
The role of dispensaries is significant. They remain open in Florida and Arizona as essential businesses. They have experienced extraordinary sales in cannabis which have exceeded pre-pandemic sales clearly.
Anxious Floridians Propel Cannabis Sales
Florida, California, and Oklahoma are few states that allow card-carrying medical cannabis patients to fight anxiety and depression easily. A recent study also reports that there is an increase in Cannabis purchases by 40% during March, April, and May.
Sharkey states that stress levels and mental health levels are extremely high. He also reports that he has spoken to several people who have increased their cannabis use.
ALSO READ:An Overview of Marijuana Laws in Florida
Arizonans and the increasing cannabis use
The Executive Director of the Arizona Dispensaries Association reports that there is an increase of 40% in cannabis sales year over year during the pandemic and they expect it to grow. There are no signs of slowing down. Richard emphasizes that it is not only the quantity and the reason behind their usage indeed it is the way that they are using it up. He also says that pandemic is allowing experimenting to the ones who are quarantined and unemployed. Not only this he also says that if you are consuming a 10mg gummy and now you want to try out a 100mg cookie that might not be a good idea but you can always try because you don’t have to work out for a couple of days.
With the growing usage of cannabis, the world seems to become a peaceful place. Also not to forget that in these unprecedented times the society can have immense benefits from the usage of cannabis. A recent study also reveals that dispensaries report having an increase of 159% in sales in a single day.
Share to Aware Students About Two Faces of Marijuana
With New Jersey legalizing the usage of cannabis, there are several concerns under the light now. There is a need for proper reforms and decrees for students to avoid any unpleasant circumstances. Children eating grandparent’s cookies and gummies are some of the cases reported recently. Fortunately, no deaths have been reported but the proper packaging; child-resistant packaging laws are required.
Why is there a need for education of cannabis?
Many students might not be interested in using marijuana independently but what will force them exactly? We all have been through this to an extent- the peer pressure! It will dwell students towards the recreational usage of cannabis. One puff and two and so the chain will continue.
Although the State has come up with laws to open cafes, how to go about cultivating, selling, and setting up the dispensaries it also needs to address the under-age usage. The state has imposed penalties over underage marijuana usage.
What’s the latest happening
Two legislatures have introduced a bill that would require schools to teach students in elementary about the risks of marijuana use.
On Thursday, Sen. Michaela Testa, R- Cape May introduced a bill that would make age-appropriate education on the risks of marijuana use mandatory for students from third grade till 12th grade. Testa further clarifies that marijuana will be legal for adult use as soon as the legislature gets its act together. This will send a very dangerous and alarming message to school going kids that cannabis is safe and its widely acceptance. This will hit the brains of children of all ages.
The Current Laws
The laws at present already aim to educate school-going individuals about drugs, alcohol, and tobacco use. The State’s 2020 education Standards include marijuana and cannabis. Also, it includes educating kids about social, emotional, and physical wellbeing. It also aims to provide students with knowledge about the potential harm and ways to say no to its use.
Simonsen states that the bill would allow schools to begin educating kids about the use of marijuana and to go more into details about the scientific knowledge of THC. Also to pay emphasis and make them analyze the difference between medical cannabis and unregulated marijuana. He emphasizes the fact that as the stigma seems to eliminate so there is a dire need to start it in the early years.
The state has passed two bills since the legalization of marijuana came into the limelight. One bill consists of all the laws and legal framework and the other consists of decriminalizing possession. Murphy hasn’t signed the bills due to discrepancies about underage possession penalties. He has asked the Legislature to make the changes.
How to teach about cannabis?
Teachers to teach the content of this course in health and physical education classes. It will cover aspects such as the after-effects of marijuana on the adolescent brain and body. In addition to this, the course will comprise of the risk of addiction to marijuana and the effects of THC which is a very active ingredient in marijuana. Moreover, it will also pose the potential hazard of driving while high.
What aspects to cover while teaching?
As we see, the legalization of cannabis is taking place in many states, it is crucial to teach the students the two faces of marijuana. Firstly they need to know what cannabis is, synonyms of cannabis. They also need to know the difference between cannabis and synthetic cannabinoids, what is THC. Also, they need to know the risks of using cannabis and how to reduce the risks caused by using cannabis.
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