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Bulgaria’s Stance in The Cannabis Regulation

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Bulgaria, a Southeastern European country, has now legally approved the cultivation of cannabis.  However, the country still heavily stigmatizes the substance. Under the Bulgarian law, THC and even CBD is not subject to monitoring and regulation.

Under the Bulgarian narcotic Substances and precursor control act, cannabis for even industrial purposes is not legal. This is an implementation of the Convention on Psychotropic Substances. On the contrary, the act allows the cultivation of the industrial hemp that has THC less than 0.2 percent.

The secondary legislation of Bulgaria and the act states that registered farmers who work in legal premises and are devoid of criminal history can cultivate hemp. This is applicable for those farmers that have not been involved in cases of production and dealing of illegal drugs in the past.

Farmers need legal permission to cultivate hemp

Farmers will need a permit to legally cultivate industrial hemp in the European country. To get the permit, they will have to submit one sample form. This will be an application to the agricultural, food and forestry ministry that will include a vivid court record. Moreover, it will include a declaration that the applicant will not separate or process hemp parts.

All members belonging to the management of this matter would then forward the records and declarations to higher authorities.

A committee has the responsibility to decide whether to issue the permit or to waive the declaration and the records. They have a time of three months to give the final decision. The permit holds validity for up to three years. Although, the whole procedure is free of cost, it is a crime in Bulgaria.

Is THC legal in Bulgaria?

However, the psychoactive compound THC and its variants are narcotic substances under the act. The act classifies these substances under the list of controlled substances in Bulgaria.

These items are known as preparations under the definition of narcotics according to the act. According to the Bulgarian law, these preparations come under the same category as narcotic substances. Therefore, same rules from the police, customs and authorities apply to them as they apply to narcotics. The higher authorities can confiscate any preparation that involves THC as an ingredient, a product, a catalyst or a storage material.

Legal gap and cannabis growth

The rarity of a least permissible amount of the ‘preparation’ is a legal gap. Moreover, it creates a potential risk for all CBD products under sale in the Bulgarian law. This also applies to the products solely containing CBD. It is not possible to rule out traces of the psychoactive compound from these products.

Furthermore, the Bulgarian law states the processing of stem and seed of cannabis to be lawful. The resulting product is useful in making fiber, fodder and for farming purposes. However, the authorities think of leaves and flowers of the plant as a source of THC. Ultimately, this leads to a confusion in the lawmakers in Bulgaria.

Black markets import CBD products into Bulgaria and sell them. This has caused a confusion in farmers as CBD is unable to be produced in Bulgaria. Therefore, it calls for a reform in the lawmaking agenda.

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Cannabis

Nunica town of Michigan gets its first legal Weed Retailer this week

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Nunica, Michigan, gets first weed store

In the United States, the battle for legal cannabis remains an ongoing slow burn. In recent highlights, the state of Vermont finally gained a bill that decriminalizes recreational cannabis. Aside from that, encouraging news on this front seems few and far in between. The most notable recent exception goes to the town of Nunica in Ottawa County, Michigan.

In Nunica, a small town in Ottawa County (which, unlike the other Ottawa, never had legal recreational cannabis) a peculiar shop opened up. Settled in an area called Crockery Township, the store goes by the name of the ‘Exit 9 Provisionary’. While the name sounds spartan, this little shop holds the title of the first cannabis retailer in the whole county. This quirky designation only took effect just this Monday.

The dispensary, owned by a company called ‘Agri-Med‘, becomes a watershed monument

While the store itself comes off as simple and unassuming, visitors must know that they come across history. Michigan, subject to decades of repressive, Puritanical laws, repressive as they were, saw extreme measures like Prohibition take hold across the country. This meant that attitudes towards alcohol and cannabis suffered. Consequently, Michigan only gained legalization of recreational weed in 2018.

This Agri-Med owned store simply exists apart from the era it’s in. While the entire nation grapples with primitive laws that make cannabis federally illegal, Ottawa County thrives. The town of Nunica may have only a small population, with limited demand for cannabis, but the freedom to sell must feel exhilarating. The entire state has yet to properly embrace their cannabis-legal legislation. And furthermore, the cannabis industry as a whole is still in its nascent stages.

Setting up the store, and dealing with the government permits, took great effort

The CEO of Agri-Med, Greg Maki, recently expressed his enthusiasm for expanding operations in Nunica. He claims he felt a personal connection to Ottawa County, and recalls its staunch Prohibitionist stance until recently. In addition, he himself went to great lengths to install Exit 9 Provisionary.

The process took a great deal of negotiations, according to Maki. The local townspeople were persuaded and their concerns assuaged. Also, the local politicians and people of influence needed individual persuasion too. To achieve this, Maki says that he and his team collaborated with the local Health Department. Together, the two entities promoted cannabis awareness and education using fliers and posters across greater Ottawa County. Even still, he cautions that some work remains. This includes the official inauguration of the store and precautionary measures taken to combat the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Despite taking place in a small town, the pro-cannabis movement in Nunica accomplished something remarkable

Nunica gained overnight something a major metropolis like New York City still lacks, even after decades of campaigning. The freedom to sell, distribute, produce and consume legal cannabis remains an underappreciated boon. Many states vie for the title of the “most progressive”, but given the odds against them, it seems Michigan may have trumped California. Of course, the next step is to encourage and normalize recreational cannabis consumption. This will serve the movement by ensuring more and more people take part in the growing cannabis industry.

Speaking of the cannabis industry, it astounds economists just how well the ongoing pandemic impacted it. From increasing demand for weed to funding scholarships for marginalized communities, the benefits of the cannabis trade seem countless. Stay tuned for the latest on this!

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New Vermont Bill Decriminalizes Recreational Cannabis And Pardons Related Convictions

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New Vermont Bill

Cannabis, over the past two decades, went from an almost universally banned substance to one with major acceptance. Across greater Europe, from Scandinavia to the Netherlands, the drug goes legal and regulated. In other developed nations, like Australia and Canada, the legalization of cannabis happened long ago. And now, the last, and toughest, hold out remains the United States of America. Few states permit recreational marijuana, which is why the state of Vermont finally has its turning point.

Just this week, official Senate meetings to discuss proposals yielded a victory for cannabis supporters. The new bill, S.54, sought decriminalization of recreational cannabis and amnesty for any convicted on cannabis related past charges. In addition, the bill allows the regulation, distribution and sale of cannabis across the entire state. All it needs is an official signature.

A vote to pass the bill this week resulted in a total bicameral compromise

The two-house system in state level Senate politics decides many of the laws passed. The bill, S.54, gained approval by the House of Representatives as a bicameral party compromise. This means that the bill had the backing of both parties after negotiations. The resultant vote, at 23 to 6 against, led to a landslide victory. Therefore, the pro-cannabis movement won the battle in Vermont.

All that remains to see the bill made into law is the governor’s signature. The governor of Vermont, Philip Scott, officially awaits the letter to reach his desk formally. Moreover, he still possesses the right to decline signing it. However, such a move would prove counter-intuitive and simply delay the inevitable. As such, experts agree that Scott, through various recent expressions of approval, already supports the decriminalization of cannabis. Hence, his signature comes all but guaranteed.

The Senate also discussed finer details about cannabis legalization and implementation, and expungement in the case of cannabis-related convictions

The adoption of cannabis as a legal item of sale will clearly not be anything but gradual. Great focus needs to go to the taxation, regulation, economic adaptation and safety before the roll-out. Luckily, this aspect of legalization already is pre-planned. The Senate meeting extended to the THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) limits in products, which controls the “high”. In addition, they also went over safety precautions in users, recommended guidelines and established fixed tax levels.

The other aspect of the bill, the social equity program, also underwent expounding. This program aims to compensate those impacted by the disastrous War On Drugs, which led to widespread disproportionate convictions. Families and communities suffered because of these actions taken against those involved with illegal cannabis. Hence, the new bill hopes to ease the suffering of such families.

Other states could learn from Vermont’s example, and hopefully something will change across the United States

Cannabis, unfortunately, remains federally illegal across the United States of America. Try as they might, legalizing cannabis state by state is difficult. At the moment, most conservative states like Texas bear suspicious and intolerant biases towards cannabis. Hence, unless activism takes place in every state, and gradual decriminalization occurs, nothing can happen. Once enough states take to decriminalizing it, a federal level decision may finally occur.

Until the day comes where cannabis no longer is subject to prejudice and intolerance, work must continue to change perceptions. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and the growing cannabis industry may just yet spark change. And it doesn’t hurt to have notable celebrities embracing the cause, either.

 

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Patients Prescribed Cannabis In Georgia, USA, Can’t Legally Obtain It

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Georgia cannabis patients can't get theirs

The United States of America often astounds the rest of the world with just how ludicrous its laws seem. Take the example of recreational cannabis, which remains federally illegal since decades. However, a few select states, such as California, Colorado and Georgia, allow small quantities of legally purchased cannabis. Everywhere else, possession of cannabis remains a misdemeanor offense, and other disproportionately severe punitive measures.

In Georgia, in particular, the case of medicinal marijuana recently emerged as troubling. For many patients, medicinal weed simply is a lifesaver and experts agree that it packs unique therapeutic effects. However, in the state of Georgia in particular, it seems like a cruel joke that obtaining said weed becomes near impossible. And this is despite the fact that it’s been legal to possess since 2015.

Despite the usage of medicinal cannabis being legal in the state of Georgia, purchase or sale remains illegal

As far as ridiculous laws go, this one stands out as extremely cruel. With doctors able to prescribe doses of cannabis to ailing patients, the lack of any places to legally obtain it seems absurd. And no, buying cannabis from a shady back alley dealer is not a safe idea. Not just because of the chance of getting caught but because there’s no guarantee the product is what you pay for. Only a legal and regulated avenue available would help.

In 2019, at the behest of several concerned citizens, official government action started. The state governor set up the Georgia Access to Medical Cannabis Commission in 2019 to discuss this terrible issue. And yet, the problem still stands. This is because the panel only convened once, before the COVID-19 pandemic put the matter on hold indefinitely. Thus, millions of patients needing their drug have no one else to ask for help from.

For many patients with a variety of ailments, medicinal marijuana works wonders for their health

Medical science generally holds several consensuses on the health effects of different substances. No respectable doctor will ever claim that arsenic is good for your health. And when it comes to cannabis, the leading consensus after extensive studies and research holds opinions that cannabis may hold several cures. Weed, which consists primarily of CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), exerts effects on the body’s physiology. This leads to improvements in breathing, blood circulation, mood, and pain relief.

Various types of disorders that lead to seizures, such as West Syndrome, in all age groups exist. Fortunately, cannabis is also a known therapeutic agent for reducing the intensity of seizures. In many young individuals, such as a recent UK toddler, it offers marked improvements to health. Furthermore, cannabis offers health benefits to patients with PTSD, anxiety, extreme pain and even in certain cancers. However, there also exists evidence that in the smoked form, it can lead to cardiovascular issues in the long term. Hence, edibles or inhalables suit most users better, and offer better efficacy of the weed.

The United States sorely needs to fix its haphazard and primitive legislation regarding both recreational and medicinal cannabis use

Several conservative states, like Texas, where the most anti-cannabis attitudes prevail, reflect that in their legislation. From introducing ridiculous hemp regulation laws, to launching an entire War On Drugs, they’ve done it all. None of that changes the fact that cannabis stays, and will always do so.

The time comes now that lawmakers, urged by the people, reexamine the science. And then, hopefully change laws for the better. That remains to be seen, however.

 

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