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Cannabis Contact High: Should You Be Concerned?

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A contact high – or second-hand high, is the term given to the idea of a person getting stoned, or getting THC in their system, due to the secondhand exposure to cannabis smoke. While this may not be a concern for cannabis smokers, questions arise in the mind of nonsmokers, regarding the possible harmful effects of secondhand cannabis smoke.

According to the 1999 researchers from The British Journal of Anesthesia, it was reported that the amount of THC absorbed depends on the smoking style. However, approximately 50% of the THC and other cannabinoids that are present in a typical cannabis cigarette, will also be present in the mainstream smoke.

Moreover, virtually all of the cannabinoids in present in the mainstream could enter the bloodstream, inexperienced smokers – due to deep inhalation and prolonged presence of smoke in the lungs before exhalation. Older studies from the 1980s on secondhand highs, cannot be relied on completely because of how cannabis has changed since then. The potency of cannabis has increased over the years, which is why the results hold less relevance today.

On the contrary, a comparatively recent study suggests an even lesser percentage. “Pharmacokinetics of cannabinoids”, conducted in 2005, suggested that the variability of THC in plant material (0.3% to 30%) will eventually lead to the variability in tissue THC levels from smoking. It further added that it is a highly individual process. Hence, it leads to the bioavailability average of THC to be 30 percent.

Irrespective of the possible effect that length and duration of the inhalation may have on absorption, THC could still be present in exhaled cannabis smoke. But even with any amount of presence of cannabinoids in secondhand cannabis smoke, the question is if it is enough to stone a person or affect a drug test.

A study titled “Non-Smoker Exposure to Secondhand Cannabis Smoke II” was conducted in 2015, where researchers experimented with ventilation. Minor but detectable, levels of performance impairment on some cognitive assessments were found, along with minor increases to hart rate. Under very extreme conditions, non-smokers did get high. Meanwhile, in ventilated spaces, no detectable levels of cannabinoids were found in the blood 30 minutes prior to the exposure.

In certain studies, trace amounts of THC and it’s derivatives THC-OH and THC-COOH were found in the blood, saliva, and urine tests of some of the participants, immediately after exposure to second-hand smoke. However, these amounts of THC disappeared within one to three hours after exposure and were not exceeding the limits ( 50 nanograms per milliliter) that are set by the government. Although the derivatives could be present in the body for up to 14 hours due to their slower metabolism, they were still not enough to cause any psychoactive effects.

However, secondhand cannabis smoke can still be potentially harmful, even if it doesn’t make someone feel high. Combustion smoke is still harmful nevertheless and generates harmful byproducts and toxins that can damage the lungs, circulatory system, and tissues.

While vaping can eliminate the toxins from combustion, it has it’s own hazards – such as the uncertain and questionable ingredients in cannabis oils, and the metal toxins that could leak from the vape pen battery.

As long as you’re in a ventilated space, you are safe from any cannabinoids showing up on a drug test. Nonetheless, smokers are expected to still be considerate about their smoke. No one should have to be exposed to second-hand smoke against their will, and it is advisable for smokers to smoke in ventilated spaces where non-smokers have the option to leave if need be.

Lastly, while secondhand smoke may not have much effect on adults, it can be dangerous for pets and children.

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Cannabis Activist Julian Stobbs Stabbed To Death

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The Cannabis activist Julian Stobbs, who struggled for several years in order to legalize personal marijuana use in South Africa, has been killed in a robbery at his Lanseria farm near Johannesburg. This incident took place in the early hours of Friday morning.

Source: Google Images

According to reports, Stobbs and his wife, Myrtle Clark better known as the Dagga couple fought a battle through courts in order to legalize cannabis. The police put them behind bars in 2010 for growing and smoking cannabis. As a result, after their release, they filed the case in the court.

 The Incident Of Robbery

The couple was asleep in their home located just outside Johannesburg when the burglars entered their home. They further entered into the couple’s bedroom and shot and stabbed him to death.

Myrtle didn’t get any physical injuries.  The burglars took everything in the house along with them. This includes two cellphones and two laptops.

According to a statement on the Dagga couple Facebook page, the South African cannabis community is grieving over the death of such a courageous warrior.

The family is appealing that the people must respect their privacy at the moment. Moreover, the public must allow Myrtle and the family some space during these tough times. Further, they are quite grateful for the love they have received from the public up till now.

Als0 Read: Cannabis May Be A Cure For Various Cancers

A Courageous Warrior

The killing of Stobbs might prove to be a huge calamity for the cannabis society in South Africa. A long-time South African cannabis activist and businessman Tony Budden told that Stobbs and Clarke were quite determined to aware people about the plant and its benefits. The citizens called him a courageous warrior. He was the one who never got scared to stand up for what he truly believed in.

Arrest In 2010

A few years back in August, 2010, police swooped the couples home. As a result, they were accused of possessing marijuana with the intention of selling it in the market. Clarke later told about the raid that all that the officers found was a middle aged couple in their pajamas and some quantity of cannabis.

The police arrested them after a five-hour trial in their kitchen. Stobbs further told that the police put a revolver on his cheek when he was sitting in the lounge. Clarke stated that: “The more we thought about it, the more we realized this was a gross invasion of our privacy. This is about sovereignty, it’s about cognitive liberty, it’s about the very freedom of our minds.”

Tour To Various Other Countries

The couple travelled the whole South Africa in order to give statements to rural and farming communities. They introduced their manifesto through which they decided to develop a way for freedom of cannabis in South Africa.

They further travelled to United Nations in New York to spread their message at an international level. Moreover, they even appeared at hearings on the UN’s Commission on Narcotic Drugs in Vienna to further pass on their message.

Also Read: No More Imprisonment For Possessing Marijuana In Austin

Both of them also studied the current cannabis laws all around the world. They made an attempt to convince international experts to attest on their behalf about the health impacts of cannabis. Stobbs also admitted that he started smoking cannabis several years ago. According to him, the ones who use drugs have rights as well, they are not animals and must not be imprisoned.

Consequently, the police stopped arresting adults for growing cannabis for their own use.

 

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Cannabis May Be A Cure For Various Cancers

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Various innovative and developing countries have acknowledged the healing benefits of cannabis. It has been used in herbal remedies for centuries. Studies have also shown that they can actively help in the treatment of various cancers.

Source: Arizona Natural Selections

The Study

A number of studies have been conducted to study medicinal uses of cannabis. These also include people going through a cancer treatment. The studies suggest that marijuana can help in controlling the following:

Pain: Like opioids, marijuana works as one of the strongest pain relievers while treating patients living with cancer related pain. In addition to this, it may have anti-inflammatory effects that may help in curing pain.

Neuropathy: It is a medical term for nerve damage and is a frequent problem of chemotherapy and other cancer treatments. It’s characteristics includes a feeling of weakness, numbness, itching and a flaming sensation in the hands and feet. Hence, marijuana provides comfort and liberation of pain resulting from neuropathy.

Nausea and Vomiting: Nausea and vomiting are one of the side effects of chemotherapy. Many cancer patients encounter these side effects. Dronabinol is a synthetic cannabinoid which is approved by U.S. Food and Drug Administration for such kind of side effects. Various other examinations clearly indicates that medical marijuana plays a valuable role in curing nausea and vomiting.

Also Read: Medicinal Cannabis Legalized In Australia But People Opt For Illegal Sources

Anorexia or Cachexia: It is the medical term for the loss of appetite. Cachexia is the phenomenon of unintended loss of weight specially the loss of lean muscle and fat often followed by tiredness and a reduction in functional abilities.

FDA has also approved the synthetic cannabinoid Dronabinol for anorexia associated with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). However, there are not enough researches that indicates the effectiveness of medicinal marijuana in controlling of these symptoms. But, marijuana may increase the intake of food in HIV patients.

Anti-neoplastic: Lab and animal testing shows that marijuana might be productive in slowing down or preventing the development of certain tumors.

Conclusion Of The Study

However, this study shows that marijuana can be safe and secure in treating cancer but it does not indicates that marijuana will help in curing the disease. Hence, people must not only depend on marijuana for treatment while keeping themselves away from conventional medical care for cancer.

Side Effects Of Marijuana

Although THC may assist in reducing nausea and other symptoms, it also has a few side effects such as inability to think clearly or focus. The long-term side effects include psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia, depression or a person may become a bipolar patient. Additionally, respiratory disorders such as chronic bronchitis may also develop.

There is no as such evidence available that supports the use of medicinal marijuana. Moreover, since marijuana is considered as an illegal drug so the research and investigation on its medical use has been greatly reduced. However, interest in this field has greatly increased over the past few years. Furthermore, it requires a lot of studies in order to comprehend the benefits posed by marijuana to improve symptoms and standard of life for cancer patients.

Also Read: Family Hospitalized After Mistaking Marijuana Leaves For Fenugreek 

When To See Your Doctor?

It is necessary to maintain an honest discussion with your doctor about any sorts of symptoms you are experiencing. As a result, this will allow your doctor to decide whether there is a need to prescribe medicinal marijuana for treatment or not.

There are numerous ways of consuming marijuana such as vaporization, edibles, pills or oils. If your doctor prescribes medical marijuana as a treatment for you then you must also discuss the most suitable form for you based on the availability of the products in your region. Moreover, it’s essential to remember that the side effects vary from person to person based on the product you have used.

Hence, you must also discuss the side effects you’re experiencing with your doctor in order to prevent further complications.

 

 

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Marijuana On The Ballot: Nebraskans Collect 182,00 Signatures

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The use of all kinds of Cannabis (Recreational or Medicinal) is illegal in Nebraska. Nebraska needed at least 122,000 signatures to get the issue of medical marijuana on the ballot for November. However, Nebraskans Collect 182,00 Signatures which is 60,000 more than what was initially needed.

122,000 was more than 10% of the voters in the state and the campaign was paused due to the pandemic. In such circumstances, it seemed impossible to collect such a large number of signatures in very less time. The campaign resumed in June. 123,000 signatures were successfully collected in June. However, before any decision the secretary of state will validate these signatures.

Nebraskan’s Celebrations

Nebraskans fully celebrated this moment of joy. Some families spoke to the media. Shari Lawlor, whose daughter Brooke has severe epilepsy said that now her daughter will have a chance to function like other kids of her age. She mentioned how every time people need medical cannabis, they have to drive across the border to get it. It seems highly unfair that some families across an imaginary line can access it while other families who live across that line cannot.

Also Read: Marijuana Decriminalization Policy Officially Commenses in Virginia

Charlotte Figi, a 13-year-old Colorado girl played a big role in this regard. She brought attention to CBD oil when she used it to treat her epilepsy. Sadly, Charlotte died in April due to complications of COVID-19. Lawlor said that it was Charlotte’s efforts that enabled Nebraskans to Collect 182,00 Signatures

the issue of medical marijuana on the ballot for November. However, Nebraskans collected 182,000 signatures which is 60,000 more than what was initially needed!

Image Credits: nytimes.com

Worldwide Legalization of Cannabis

It is important to remember that 33 states of the U.S. have legalized the use of medicinal Cannabis while 11 states have legalized the use of medical Cannabis.  With these recent legalization, the demand and supply of cannabis increased by multifold. Increased demand led to increased research on the subject.

Also Read: Colorado To Expand Cannabis Equity and Offer Pardon

Cannabis has found many uses in our daily lives. It can treat something as painful as Sciatica Pain. The use of Cannabis can alleviate the frequency of seizures. It also reduces anxiety. it helps with the PTSD. Many people have found Cannabis useful in calming their nerves and dealing with insomnia.

COVID-19 & CANNABIS

In view of the recent pandemic, COVID-19, Cannabis has also found its utility in speeding up the recovery of COVID-19 patients. COVID-19 is a highly infectious disease that has infected over 11 million people in the world. It is a cause of nearly half a million deaths worldwide. Medical marijuana has helped many people recover from the deadly disease.

In the view of the situation, many different countries have also relaxed their laws on the use of cannabis and cannabis related products. COVID-19 very badly affected economies all around the world. Tax revenues generated by the sales of Cannabis might help lift the deflating economies.

DANGERS of Cannabis

Cannabis consists of two main compounds; CBD (Cannabinol) and THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). While CBD is responsible for relaxing the brain and nerves, THC is responsible for the ‘buzz’ or ‘high feeling’. THC acts on specific receptors in brain cells and slowly deteriorates our brain.

The utility of Cannabis is undeniable. However, the governments must regularly monitor the use of Cannabis. Consumption in high quantities can be harmful for both the mind and the body.

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