British PM Boris Johnson in ICU as COVID-19 Symptoms Worsen
On Monday, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson was moved to an intensive care unit (ICU) after the worsening of his COVID-19 symptoms. However, he was claimed to still be conscious according to Downing Street.
During a time of national emergency, the seriousness of the British Prime Minister’s condition has raised questions regarding the leadership of the country. Should the British Prime Minister become incapacitated, Britain has no formal succession plan. However, Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab was asked by Johnson, aged 55, to deputize for him.
On March 26, 2020, Johnson, aged 55, was tested positive for the COVID-19. Downing Street reported in a press briefing on April 6 that on Sunday night, the British Prime Minister was admitted to the hospital and had been undergoing tests after the suffering of persistent COVID-19 symptoms, which included a high temperature, for the duration of more than 10 days.
While British Prime Minister, Boris Johnson was in good spirits and still in charge according to Downing Street, he was moved from the House of Parliament in central London to an intensive care unit – where the treatment of the most serious cases takes place – at about 1800 GMT at St Thomas’ hospital, across the River Thames.
According to a spokesman for his office, the condition of the Prime Minister had deteriorated over the course of the afternoon, and he had been moved to the Intensive Care Unit at the hospital on the strict advice of his medical team.
Furthermore, according to Downing Street, the Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab – who is also the First Secretary of State, was asked by the PM, to deputize for him wherever necessary. Downing Street added that the PM remained conscious at that time. However, if the sitting Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, is incapacitated for a lengthy time period, there is no recent precedent. Furthermore, the PM shifting to the intensive care unit is a precautionary measure in case he requires ventilation to aid his recovery, according to Downing Street.
Downing Street was reported stressing over the fact that Raab, with the support of government officials, was running the country from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. According to a spokesperson, meetings – if any were needed, at the National Security Council would be chaired by Raab while he is deputizing for the Prime Minister, and the UK’s Cabinet holds authority regarding responses on military action in the PM’s absence. The spokesperson further added that while Raab and other ministerial groupings will chair the daily meetings about the decisions regarding COVID-19, Raab holds no authority regarding the hiring and firing of ministers or officials.
Caution was urged by his spokesman earlier, regarding media reports that said that Johnson was the recipient of oxygen treatment, and invasive or non-invasive ventilation was not required. However, when he was asked about whether the PM had pneumonia – which is common in more severe cases of COVID-19, the spokesman had refused to answer directly.
According to The Times newspaper and ITV correspondent Robert Peston, Johnson was indeed the recipient of oxygen. According to the New York Times, Cabinet Office Minister Michael Gove had reported that Johnson is the recipient of “standard oxygen treatment” and is able to breathe without assistance, and is hence, not on a ventilator.
On Monday, the government’s emergency COVID-19 meeting was chaired by Raab, aged 46.
While Johnson seems to be the most high-profile leader to contract the virus, his pregnant partner, Carrie Symonds has claimed to be sick with symptoms for the duration of a week but is now in recovery.
At least 55,242 cases of COVID-9 have been confirmed in the U.K, AS OF April 7, with an estimation of 6,159 related deaths.
Luxembourg: The First European Country To Legalize Marijuana
Many of the states of the USA have legalized recreational and medicinal marijuana, but in Europe, the laws are strict. Medicinal cannabis is limitedly legal. But Luxembourg will soon become the first country to decriminalize cannabis.
On Friday, the government of Luxembourg announced via a statement that it is legal to grow and use cannabis. As per the new legislation, individuals above 18 in the county will have permission to consume marijuana. Moreover, they can grow four cannabis plants.
One household can cultivate only four plants. With the new law in action, the county would become the only county that permits the production and use of the drug without any limitations.
What Changes Can Occur By Altering The Legislation Regarding Marijuana
Cannabis will become available. Its manufacturing, development, sale, and consumption will no longer be illegal. The decriminalization of marijuana will drastically reduce the rate of the current fine.
Currently, any person possessing three grams of cannabis can be subject to a pay fine between $29 and $581. Previously, individuals were to pay for drug possession, and amerce can vary from $291 to $2910.
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The legislation of Luxembourg does permit marijuana use and cultivation but publically using the drug is still illegal. The new law allows the trading of cannabis seeds. Moreover, there are no limitations on the concentration or quantity of THC in the seeds undergoing the trading process. Tetrahydrocannabinol is the psychoactive compound of weed that can make people high.
The change in the law regarding marijuana will enable the government to clear out cannabis relating drug crimes. Another aim of making the alterations in legislation is to clamp down the drugs trade in the black market. Under the new law, Ministers will be regulating the currently illegal marijuana market.
The new cannabis policy has the support of the government. But to make it official, a vote of parliament is essential. After the voting of parliament in favor, the new proposal will get confirmation.
Chances Of Relaxation In Cannabis Law Across Europe
Luxembourg is a beautiful county with political and communal stability. People are close to their culture, and it is the best place to do business. It has the highest living standards that make it worth living.
It has a population of over 600,000 individuals and is the first to move on the forefront in decriminalizing marijuana. Overall the European continent is moving towards relaxation of cannabis laws.
In a referendum in 2022, Italy will decide about its stand on the legalization of cannabis. Whether Italy will decriminalize pot or not depends upon the number of people in favor. Once the campaign groups become able to gather 500000 required signatures to force a vote, marijuana will become legal.
So far, Italian law permits the consumption of cannabis. Thus, no fine or punishment is inflicted upon its use. Usage of medical cannabis is also legal under the law of Italy. But, purchasing, selling, and cultivating weed on a large scale is against the legislation. Drug dealers can end up in prison for ten years if found guilty.
All the actions that can lead to imprisonment under current Italian law will become legal. But only when the people vote to legalize marijuana in the referendum. After the majority voted in favor, the sale, purchase, and cultivation of cannabis will become legal.
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Other European countries are also considering changing their laws about the use, sale, purchase, cultivation, manufacturing, and distribution of marijuana. Rules and regulations regarding cannabis involving activities are likely to change in the near two to three years.
Also Covered on: CNN
NY Cannabis Board Permits Residential Medical Marijuana Production
The cannabis legalization and decriminalization bill are in practice in NY, rules for medical marijuana are set. The Cannabis Board is responsible for resolving matters involving medical and recreational weed. We are working efficiently to design regulations and procedures. The firm is determined to ensure cannabis-involved activities operate lawfully within the state.
The New York Cannabis board on Thursday issued rules to allow medical marijuana users to cultivate or produce these plants at home. Caregivers also have permission to grow medical hemp plants for their use at their residence.
NY Cannabis Board Proposal
A final decision regarding the cultivation of medical marijuana is yet to occur. Doing so will enable individuals to become self-sufficient in medical cannabis. According to the proposal of the board, they can grow several plants for personal use at home.
ALSO READ: Luxembourg: The First County To Legalize Marijuana
For now, the proposal is open for discussion to the public, and people can comment on it for a period of sixty days. The proposal permits the growth of up to six medical marijuana plants in residential space. After the closing of the commentary period of 60 days, the regulation will take effect. By the end of this period, the cannabis board will finalize the ordinance in its official language.
Since 2014, medical marijuana, despite being legal, was not available in the market. It was also not easy to access items that consisted of constituents of the cannabis plant.
People used to visit medical dispensaries and facilities to purchase cannabis for their treatment. These items are usually expensive, and there is no insurance policy that can help in paying the expenses on sales of cannabis. According to an observational finding, people purchase products from Vireo Health Company. According to the company, a patient, usually on the first visit to a nearby dispensary, spends between $100 and $350.
Residential medical marijuana growth will facilitate many patients and make it easy for them to access cannabis. Once the regulation becomes official, individuals can cultivate six plants in their private living area.
The state Senator Diane Savino also passed remarks on the rules and regulations regarding medical marijuana. According to Daine Savino, the NY Cannabis board proposes the best policy. Diane appreciates Governor Kathy Hochul and the entire team of the board in addressing the issue of medical pot.
According to Diane, the matter regarding cannabis issuance for caregivers and certified patients has been long-standing. Fortunately, the board members address the topic swiftly.
The Road To Medical Marijuana Cultivation At Residents
In NY, recreational pot legislation approval occurred in March 2021. The Marijuana Regulation and Taxation Act was also approved. The decision by the Cannabis Board to legalize medical marijuana production is the first step to putting the Act in action.
The Act does give permission to cultivate pot for medical reasons once the Board puts rules and regulations in place. According to the previous decision, the board members were to provide practical policy within six months of recreational legalization. However, Governor Andrew Cuomo neglected to appoint the board members, so the deadline passed.
Things move forward in a better way after Hochul takes control of the office and assembles it. After taking office in August, till the present, two meetings have already occurred. The Board discusses and implements rules regarding medical marijuana and recreational cannabis legalization.
According to Tremaine Wright, due to the quick action of governor Hochul and lawmakers, the medical pot program will soon expand. The expansion will lead to many other benefits and help in building a new industry. These activities will help in operating the medical marijuana industry safely. The Cannabis Control Board chair, in a statement, highlights the importance of medical pot regulations.
Originally covered on: Gothamist
Cannabis Oil Effectively Reduces Chronic Pain
The use of cannabis oil and other medical items containing marijuana legal since 2018 in the UK. However, the evidence of marijuana being efficacious has come under light recently. Researchers are discovering the effectiveness of marijuana oil in chronic pain patients.
Multiple studies occurred to determine the effectiveness of cannabis oil. Patients receiving marijuana as part of their treatment feel much better and experience improvement in their health.
Gathering Evidence Of Cannabis Oil Being Effective For Chronic Pain Patients
The United Kingdom Medical Cannabis Registry enrolls one hundred and ten patients. The purpose of enrolling these patients was to observe the effectiveness of cannabis oil. Moreover, through these patients, the impact of marijuana on overall improving quality of life was determined.
ALSO READ: New York Cannabis Board Relaxes Medical Cannabis Rules
The registry reports that enrolled patients feel much better after one, three, and six months of cannabis oil intake. They experience that their pain reduces after using medical pot. They experience comfort, and their sleep quality has improved hugely. According to the registry, there are significant improvements in patients’ health-associated quality of life.
The National Health Service of the United Kingdom has a strict cannabis oil prescription policy. It is hard for patients to get a marijuana prescription because of the strict rules of the NHS. Patients who don’t respond well to conventional therapy have access to medical marijuana. The conditions under which patients can access medical marijuana include pain sufferers, individuals with anxiety issues, and multiple sclerosis.
About sixty-five percent of the patients part of the study had never used cannabis oil or medical marijuana. The participants are primarily diagnosed with chronic non-cancer pain, neuropathic pain, and fibromyalgia.
16% of the participants suffered from fibromyalgia and 48% percent from chronic non-cancer pain. Twenty-four percent of the participants are suffering from neuropathic pain.
Experts Focus On Research
For the betterment of society and its safety, it is vital to gather research-based evidence. Doctors and scientists consider it essential to discover the realities of using cannabis before prescribing it.
Dr. Simon Erridge is the head of research at Sapphire Medical Clinics. In a statement, he said that the number of medical marijuana prescriptions is increasing quickly in the UK. In this situation, it is essential to determine the outcomes of patients. Collecting real-world practical evidence regarding cannabis oil consumption is vital.
According to Dr. Simon, this research that they conducted is one of a kind in Europe. His team will continuously review inpatients, outpatients, and marijuana products via the Medical Cannabis Registry UK. So far, the selection of observational data has occurred. In the future, more critical research, including randomized controlled investigations, will occur.
Sapphire Medical Clinics developed the registry. They survey patients suffering from various diseases receiving separate prescriptions depending upon their condition. Surveying these individuals enables us to reduce the knowledge gap.
Filling the blank space regarding medical marijuana and cannabis oil in scientific knowledge helps a lot. The study’s findings were published in the well-known scientific journal, the Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.
The research does prove that medical marijuana is effective in improving multiple conditions of people. But researchers require more research to form guidelines, funders, and licensing agencies.
Adven is a subsidiary of Curaleaf International. It is one of the largest independent marijuana companies in Europe. Adven cannabis oil was used in studies such that the average CBD dose was 20mg per day. The average THC dose that participants get is 1mg per day. Administration of cannabis oil occurs in a ratio CBD/THC of 20 to 1.
More participants enrolled in the survey process. Sapphire Medical Clinic plans to continue its survey-based research.
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