New research suggests that marijuana users are less likely to gain weight than non-users. This fact is quite contradictory to the general observation in regular users who usually tend to overeat. However, this should not be generalized because now studies show that medical marijuana has certain compounds that prevent obesity.
Scientific Evidence for Marijuana and Weight Maintenance
Previous suggestions have indicated that amplified intake of food and weight gain while using cannabis are a result of a compound cannabinoid. However, this has failed to be true as recent scientific evidence suggests otherwise. Moreover, the relationship between the compounds and hormone regulation is not as simple as it seems. The overall knowledge points towards a positive relationship between cannabis use and weight loss. Cross-sectional epidemiological investigations show a lower occurrence of obesity among people consuming cannabis.
This quest has not recently started. There have been a lot of researches to get the evidence. For instance, a study from 1993 suggests that a compound in marijuana CBD had a sedative effect. Scientists used self-evaluation scales to determine this effect. The present results show that CBD affects cortisol secretion.
There have been a lot of extensive researches for this topic in the recent past as well. For instance, a 10-year cross-sectional study in 2011 concluded that marijuana users have lesser chances of getting obesity in comparison to nonusers.
A study appearing in the American Journal of Medicine in 2013 suggests that there are lower prevalence rates of obesity and diabetes type 2 in cannabis users. This suggests that there is an association between cannabinoids and peripheral metabolism.
According to a 2012 study, marijuana extract shields pancreatic cells against the development of obesity.
Moreover, a study from the scientists in the American Diabetes Association suggests THCV could represent a new therapeutic agent in glycemic control in subjects with type 2 diabetes. As THCV is present in marijuana, it points towards the fact that medical marijuana is helpful in controlling type 2 diabetes too.
Recent surveys have solidified the evidence
A team of experts from Michigan State University (MSU) examined the relationship between marijuana and obesity further. They analyzed whether regular users of cannabis have more chances of getting obese. Omayma Alshaarawy, Ph.D. is an assistant professor of family medicine at the university. He led the recent study. It appears in the International Journal of Epidemiology.
Despite the fact that marijuana seemingly increases the appetite of its users, it is not responsible for increasing the weight of the individuals. The stress hormones, in addition to extra calories, tend to increase weight gain. Specific marijuana has its compounds in the best proportion that induces a sedative effect that decreases the stress hormone secretion.
According to the Huffington Post, CBD is another compound in marijuana that counteracts the appetite-stimulating effect of THC. CBD lowers the cortisol levels. This decrease is helpful in preventing weight gain. This is because the metabolism gets fast which helps in burning the extra fat on your body.
According to a recent survey, around 22 million Americans in total consume on a regular basis. Mostly, people consume it for recreational purposes. According to statistics, this amount is 90 percent. The remaining percent uses it for health purposes.
It seems that the increase in appetite will ultimately lead to weight gain. However, current findings suggest that using cannabis actually prevents you from getting obese.
THC activates peripheral cannabinoid receptors which in return regulate lipid metabolism and pancreatic function.
lllinois: Largest Recreational Marijuana Dispensary Opens in South Beloit
Illinois is one of the states where the use of recreational marijuana is legal. People of Illinois can have up to 5 plants at home for medical use. They can also have commercially licensed plants for recreational use as well.
This Monday, Illinois saw the opening of its largest recreational marijuana dispensary. The dispensary is located at about 5000 feet from a proposed casino. It is the wonderful location of the dispensary that could improve a lot of sales prospects and also bring new ones. However, it is also only a 1000 feet south of the Wisconsin border, a state where cannabis consumption is illegal.
What it means to the state
According to the city’s mayor, the development prospects that come with the store are to write home about. Moreover, the sales tax revenue from the dispensary will be like icing on a cake.
Visible from heavily used Interstate 90, the Sunnyside South Beloit dispensary (7,208-square-foot) is located at 7000 First Ranger Road. Mayor Ted Rehl is very optimistic about the prospects that come with the dispensary. He’s called this dispensary ‘a gift to South Beloit’ at 12 various levels.
Mayor Rehl’s humble estimate is that the dispensary would generate sales tax revenues of about $100,000 per year, for at least the first 7 years. Then depending on the situation, if recreational marijuana is still a no-go for Wisconsin, the revenue could climb up to $700,000 a year.
The dispensary employs 35 full-time workers and is open from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. every day. While smokable flower cannabis is the dispensary’s number one product, edibles and vaporizers get their due share of popularity too.
The main reason why the dispensary is so important is its demographics. With Wisconsin not so far away and a casino to be made, the dispensary promises to be a major attraction for people, pouring in from all over Illinois and Wisconsin. Mayor Rehl says that a lot of restaurants have already approached him regarding opening their businesses in the acreage. This not only opens up new doors of income to the state, it also promises to be a prime business hub.
Marijuana and its recreational use
The recreational use of marijuana in Illinois has been legal since the 1st of January. However, medical use was approved way back in 2015. Since then, more than 131,000 residents have acquired medical marijuana cards.
When recreational use of marijuana became legal in the state, the Rockford store was stormed by people from all over Illinois. People waited for hours in lines to get legal recreational marijuana.
However, over time the sales process became more and more fluid. With the opening of the new dispensary in South Beloit, one can go in and make a purchase in just about 5 minutes.
In May 2020, Illinois made $44 million through the sale of recreational pot alone. This not only marked record sales but also generated a lot of revenue for the state in the form of sales tax.
However, cannabis has been a taboo topic until recent times. Now, cannabis has numerous medical uses. In fact, cannabis has been found effective in treating some COVID-19 patients. Moreover, cannabis also helps in pain-relieving as well. Some studies have also revealed that smoking marijuana boosts memory as well.
With the opening of the Sunnyside marijuana dispensary, it looks like things will start to get even better for the state of Illinois as it attracts more and more investment.
Industrial Cannabis: Uzbek-French Company to Launch Cultivation Project
The cannabis market is ever-growing despite facing many hurdles including the stigma attached to it. With countries worldwide currently battling with the deadly coronavirus, the cannabis industry has undergone its share of struggles. This included the delay of multiple decisions and plans for the expansion of cannabis businesses. However, Uzbekistan took a step towards the case of industrial cannabis.
Dunyo News Agency has reported that ABM ORGANICS LLC, an Uzbek-French business, has planned the launch of its cultivation project with cannabis. They have planned to launch this project in the Khorezm region.
The company has planned to focus on the technical hemp, in the cannabis cultivation project that they are planning to launch. The technical hemp is a kind derived from the plant species, Cannabis sativa.
The agreement held 2 authorities
- Marafon Finlex – The Uzbek company
- Opal & Co – The French company
The two distinct companies signed the agreement for the organization of this company. Following this agreement, they became stockholders, on July 12.
Moreover, the signing ceremony which consisted of the respective documents of the organization was held in Paris, France. The new company is now on the hunt for further growth points in the current economy.
Furthermore, the Uzbekistan government had declared previously, the growth of cannabis for industrial purposes. However, in the declaration, they included the addition of specific drug content in cannabis.
The drug content was up to 0.2% tetrahydrocannabinol. This specific substance can be addictive, which is why the Uzbekistan government set a specific ration, in their previous declaration.
Industrial cannabis in the green economy
Researchers believe for cannabis to potentially be a major part of the green economy in the upcoming years, with the inclusion of France. The cannabis plant has its own benefits and requires almost 5 times less hydration in comparison to cotton. Moreover, studies acknowledge cannabis as a wasteless material.
The growth and cultivation of such plants can be a state monopoly in Uzbekistan. Many of the types of cannabis are currently used in paper, pharmaceutical, light, and several other industries.
COVID-19 in Uzbekistan
Recently, the government announced its plans for the reopening of many businesses during the mid of the previous month. The businesses included cafes and restaurants, kindergartens, and clothing retailers. Moreover, the government announced the resumption of bus routes in a few provinces. These provinces had a lesser risk of the coronavirus, with the least active cases.
Moreover, the government divided the nation into color-coded zones
The government labeled these 3 regions as such on the basis of the rate of the active COVID-19 cases. However, even these regions entertained the resumption of soccer games and domestic tourism. Nevertheless, the declaration allowed no spectators to be present during soccer games. The government also resumed domestic flights and train transportation.
The Uzbekistan government had started to ease its lockdown restrictions to a large extent last month. This allowed many businesses to resume their operations as well. A month later, they took a step towards the cultivation of industrial cannabis, to expand the present cannabis industry.
While this is still an initial stage and much is yet to be done, it is a big step towards the eventual launch. The government has dealt with the coronavirus situation and lockdown very effectively.
The global lockdown has effectively caused an economic shutdown worldwide and Uzbekistan is no exception. However, many reporters also consider this launch to be a potential attempt to regain the lost economy. If so, many news agencies are waiting for the next step of this project and what it could mean for the cannabis industry in Uzbekistan.
Long Term Use of Cannabis Could Affect Your Social Behavior, Here’s Why
While there’s no denying the fact that cannabis has tons of medical benefits, extended exposure to it could have serious social behavioral repercussions.
In a nutshell, long term use of cannabis affects the ability of astrocytes to manufacture food for neurons from glucose. This reduced food production compromises on the neural function, which appears to have adverse effects on the person’s behavior.
The way long term cannabis use alters behavior appears to have a direct link with the cannabinoid function. While it is mostly observation and researchers know of no concrete mechanism yet, cannabis consumption could lead to reduced social interactions and withdrawal.
A deeper understanding of the cannabinoid receptors could prove fruitful in determining the relationship between cannabis and social behavior.
The role of cannabinoids
The role cannabinoids play is much more important than ever since some of these receptors are also present on the mitochondrial membrane. ‘Mitochondrion is the powerhouse of the cell’, is a statement almost everyone is well familiar with. If something were to happen to the mitochondria inside the cells, it could very well reflect on the person’s behavior.
Mitochondria metabolize glucose into lactate, which neurons use as food. The main psychoactive compound in cannabis is THC. A better understanding of the relationship between the two could open doors to new possibilities.
Observations in mice reveal that if astrocytes are exposed to THC for an extended period of time, the cannabinoid receptors present in them start a chain of reactions that in turn lead to glucose metabolism dysfunction.
Therefore, there’s less available ‘food’ for astrocytes. This is like operating some heavy machinery with dry cells from a TV remote. Observations made suggest that this lack of ‘food’ has a direct impact on the subject’s behavior.
Moreover, in extreme cases, exposure to THC hampered social interactions for up to 24 hours.
While uncontrolled use of cannabis could be dangerous, controlled use with appropriate observations could very well be used to deal with some behavioral problems more easily and effectively.
The debate over therapeutic cannabis is yet again a hot topic. A better understanding of cannabis’ effects on the human body could help in finding the optimal solution.
However, for now, a simple rule to keep in mind, excess of everything is bad.
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