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Do Women Undergo Same Acute Effects Of Cannabis As Men?

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According to a new research published in Psychopharmacology, women undergo the same terrible effects of cannabis as men at a lower amount of THC.

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The study author Justin Matheson, a PhD candidate at the University of Toronto said that they understand  from population survey data that men are known to use cannabis more than women. However, it seems that women encounter more severe cannabis-related after-effects.

Animal Studies  

Animal studies demonstrate that women are more responsive to the effects of THC (the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis). Particularly because of the differences in the method of the digestion of THC in females. However, there are comparatively very few human laboratory evidences to suggest sex differences in the dreadful effects of THC.

In the double-blind study, the number of healthy cannabis users who smoked a single cannabis cigarette ( 12.5 percent THC or placebo) before completing subjective effect scales and cognitive tests were ninety-one. The investigators also observed their vital signs like body temperature and blood pressure.

Also Read: Knesset Finally Passes A Bill To Legalize Cannabis

The contestants used cannabis around one to four times per week. They were between 19 to 25 years old.

Difference Of Cannabis Consumption Between Men And Women

These investigators discovered that female contestants smoked for the same duration as male contestants. However, women are likely to smoke cannabis cigarette to a smaller extent. In spite of the differences in their cannabis consumption, there were no differences in peak subjective drug effects, mood or cognitive effects between men and women.

According to Matheson, they found that women didn’t smoke much of a cannabis joint. Moreover, they had a moderate degree of THC in their blood. But they still went through the same acute effects as men. As a result, women might require a lower amount of THC in order to reach to the same intensity of intoxication as men.

He stated that in their study, contestants were capable of smoking the amount of cannabis they wanted to. When these contestants are able to smoke the amount they crave for, then they call it a ‘titrating to effect.’ This effect is possible during smoking cannabis.

“This happens because THC delivery to the brain is very rapid with this route of administration, so users can feel the high as they are still smoking”, he further stated. Other cannabis products such as beverages and edibles do not give the desired effects immediately. Hence, ‘titrating to effect’ is not likely to take place.

Matheson’s Explanation

In these type of cases, women are more prone to experience acute harms. As with all the research, the study comprises of a few constraints. So, the important limitation here is that they regarded sex as a binary biological variable (male versus female). They further had no evaluation of gender.

Also Read: Catering Company Mixes CANNABIS With FOOD

Matheson said: “Sex is a biological construct that constitutes things like sex chromosomes, hormones, anatomy, and physiology. Whereas gender is a social and general construct that constitutes things like our gender identity (male, female or gender diverse) and the expectations societies have for us based on these identities.”

Additionally, cannabis withdrawal symptoms of irritability, sleep disruption and reduced intake of food is higher among women than among men. They also show greater tolerance to THC than men.

Also, most of the people aren’t aware of the fact that women and female animals have been eliminated from biomedical research for much of the history of science. Consequently, the comprehension of human health and disease is somehow entirely based upon men. However, recently, most of the leading funding agencies have endorsed schemes that will include females in research.

 

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Cannabis

Asian Visitor Caught Smuggling 6kgs of Cannabis in Dubai

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Dubai’s airport authorities caught a 24-year-old Asian smuggling 6kg Cannabis. The man was arrested in early March on the charges of possession of illegal dried Cannabis flower. The defendant was in detention since his arrival at the Dubai International Airport (DXB) on March 3.

The customs agent at DXB told that they got suspicious of the man after his luggage went through the X-Ray machine. After a thorough search, the authorities found Cannabis stashed in fabric bags. The convicted man has been sentenced to a decade in prison for smuggling 6kg Cannabis. He will also have to pay a fine of Dh50,000. According to the laws of UAE, the convicted man can appeal the ruling in the Court of Cessation within 15 days.

UAE & Cannabis Smuggling

The UAE has very strict rules regarding the possession, consumption, or transportation of prohibited drugs. Previously, the UAE authorities slapped aa British tourist along with a 10-year sentence for bringing CBD oil into Dubai. It is to note that the maximum penalty for drug trafficking in the UAE is execution.

Also Read: Hillary Clinton Bashes Trump On His Coronavirus Policies

According to the recent 2020 World Drug report, the trend of use of illegal cannabis is increasing in the developing countries. Afghanistan and Morocco are primary suppliers of illegal Cannabis. It also showed that the illegal sale of cannabis has skyrocketed in Asia, Africa and South America.

Worldwide Legalization of Cannabis

It is important to remember that 33 states of the U.S. have legalized the use of medicinal Cannabis while 11 states have legalized the use of medical Cannabis.  With these recent legalization, the demand and supply of cannabis increased by multifold. Increased demand led to increased research on the subject.

Also Read: Britain – Gyms will Reopen ‘In a Couple of Weeks’

Dubai’s airport authorities caught a 24-year-old Asian smuggling 6kg Cannabis. The man was arrested in early March on the charges of

Image Credits: hightimes.com

Cannabis has found many uses in our daily lives. It can treat something as painful as Sciatica Pain. The use of Cannabis can alleviate the frequency of seizures. It also reduces anxiety. it helps with the PTSD. Many people have found Cannabis useful in calming their nerves and dealing with insomnia.

COVID-19 & CANNABIS

In view of the recent pandemic, COVID-19, Cannabis has also found its utility in speeding up the recovery of COVID-19 patients. COVID-19 is a highly infectious disease that has infected over 11 million people in the world. It is a cause of nearly half a million deaths worldwide. Medical marijuana has helped many people recover from the deadly disease.

In the view of the situation, many different countries have also relaxed their laws on the use of cannabis and cannabis related products. COVID-19 very badly affected economies all around the world. Tax revenues generated by the sales of Cannabis might help lift the deflating economies.

DANGERS of Cannabis

Cannabis consists of two main compounds; CBD (Cannabinol) and THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). While CBD is responsible for relaxing the brain and nerves, THC is responsible for the ‘buzz’ or ‘high feeling’. THC acts on specific receptors in brain cells and slowly deteriorates our brain.

The UAE has very strict policies regarding the possession of drugs. You should double check your luggage for Cannabis before landing into Dubai.

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Black Market Cannabis Sales Decrease With Legalization in North America

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Recent Cannabis legalization (both recreational and medicinal) has decreased black market cannabis sales to a great extent.

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) published 2020 World Drug Report  which revealed that Cannabis is the most controlled drug. However, the illegal use of Cannabis has fallen to its lowest level in two decades in 2018. The 2020 Drug Report attributed this to the vast legalization of Cannabis in North America.

The 2020 World Drug Report

According to this report, the emergence of regulated markets in North America is the major reason why police seizures on the black market have decreased by 84%. This report revealed positive changes in the attitude of people in North America. However, at the same time it showed that the illegal sale of cannabis has skyrocketed in Asia, Africa and South America.

Also Read: Cannabis Activist Julian Stobbs Stabbed to Death

Countries like Afghanistan and Morocco are primary suppliers of illegal Cannabis. The trend of use of illegal cannabis is increasing in the developing countries. In2019, 2.2% of the crime cases in the U.S. were drug cases with cannabis as the primary drug type. Currently, 40,000 prisoners are serving their sentence in prison for Cannabis related crimes.

Recent Cannabis legalization (both Recreational and medicinal) has decreased black market cannabis sales to a great extent. Cannabis is the most widely used drug.

Image Credits: un.org

Worldwide Legalization of Cannabis

It is important to remember that 33 states of the U.S. have legalized the use of medicinal Cannabis while 11 states have legalized the use of medical Cannabis.  Subsequently, with these recent legalization, the demand and supply of cannabis increased by multifold. Increased demand led to increased research on the subject.

Also Read: Colorado To Expand Cannabis Equity and Offer Pardon

Cannabis has found many uses in our daily lives. It can treat something as painful as Sciatica Pain. The use of Cannabis can alleviate the frequency of seizures. It also reduces anxiety. it helps with the PTSD. Many people have found Cannabis useful in calming their nerves and dealing with insomnia.

COVID-19 & CANNABIS

In view of the recent pandemic, COVID-19, Cannabis has also found its utility in speeding up the recovery of COVID-19 patients. COVID-19 is a highly infectious disease that has infected over 11 million people in the world. It is a cause of nearly half a million deaths worldwide. Medical marijuana has helped many people recover from the deadly disease.

In the view of the situation, many different countries have also relaxed their laws on the use of cannabis and cannabis related products. COVID-19 very badly affected economies all around the world. Tax revenues generated by the sales of Cannabis might help lift the deflating economies.

DANGERS of Cannabis

Cannabis consists of two main compounds; CBD (Cannabinol) and THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). While CBD is responsible for relaxing the brain and nerves, THC is responsible for the ‘buzz’ or ‘high feeling’. THC acts on specific receptors in brain cells and slowly deteriorates our brain.

The legalization has undoubtedly helped in controlling the black market Cannabis sales and economy growth. However, the use of cannabis should be regularly monitored by the governments.

 

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Cannabis Activist Julian Stobbs Stabbed To Death

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The Cannabis activist Julian Stobbs, who struggled for several years in order to legalize personal marijuana use in South Africa, has been killed in a robbery at his Lanseria farm near Johannesburg. This incident took place in the early hours of Friday morning.

Source: Google Images

According to reports, Stobbs and his wife, Myrtle Clark better known as the Dagga couple fought a battle through courts in order to legalize cannabis. The police put them behind bars in 2010 for growing and smoking cannabis. As a result, after their release, they filed the case in the court.

 The Incident Of Robbery

The couple was asleep in their home located just outside Johannesburg when the burglars entered their home. They further entered into the couple’s bedroom and shot and stabbed him to death.

Myrtle didn’t get any physical injuries.  The burglars took everything in the house along with them. This includes two cellphones and two laptops.

According to a statement on the Dagga couple Facebook page, the South African cannabis community is grieving over the death of such a courageous warrior.

The family is appealing that the people must respect their privacy at the moment. Moreover, the public must allow Myrtle and the family some space during these tough times. Further, they are quite grateful for the love they have received from the public up till now.

Als0 Read: Cannabis May Be A Cure For Various Cancers

A Courageous Warrior

The killing of Stobbs might prove to be a huge calamity for the cannabis society in South Africa. A long-time South African cannabis activist and businessman Tony Budden told that Stobbs and Clarke were quite determined to aware people about the plant and its benefits. The citizens called him a courageous warrior. He was the one who never got scared to stand up for what he truly believed in.

Arrest In 2010

A few years back in August, 2010, police swooped the couples home. As a result, they were accused of possessing marijuana with the intention of selling it in the market. Clarke later told about the raid that all that the officers found was a middle aged couple in their pajamas and some quantity of cannabis.

The police arrested them after a five-hour trial in their kitchen. Stobbs further told that the police put a revolver on his cheek when he was sitting in the lounge. Clarke stated that: “The more we thought about it, the more we realized this was a gross invasion of our privacy. This is about sovereignty, it’s about cognitive liberty, it’s about the very freedom of our minds.”

Tour To Various Other Countries

The couple travelled the whole South Africa in order to give statements to rural and farming communities. They introduced their manifesto through which they decided to develop a way for freedom of cannabis in South Africa.

They further travelled to United Nations in New York to spread their message at an international level. Moreover, they even appeared at hearings on the UN’s Commission on Narcotic Drugs in Vienna to further pass on their message.

Also Read: No More Imprisonment For Possessing Marijuana In Austin

Both of them also studied the current cannabis laws all around the world. They made an attempt to convince international experts to attest on their behalf about the health impacts of cannabis. Stobbs also admitted that he started smoking cannabis several years ago. According to him, the ones who use drugs have rights as well, they are not animals and must not be imprisoned.

Consequently, the police stopped arresting adults for growing cannabis for their own use.

 

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