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Pennsylvania’s efforts towards criminal justice reforms

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Criminal Justice Reforms are being introduced in Pennsylvania to r=undo the damages done by stringent marijuana laws.

In February of 2020, a bill to legalize adult-use cannabis was introduced in the state of Pennsylvania by state Representative Jake Wheatley. Known as HB 2050, the bill has put forth some highly commendable social and criminal justice reforms in an attempt to repeal the damages inflicted by stringent drug laws in the region.

As an advocate of marijuana legalization, Rep. Jake Wheatley hopes to achieve a lot through this bill.

According to him, the current status of marijuana legislation has led to an over-zealous implementation of criminal laws in Pennsylvania. People have been sent to jail and fined merely on the basis of possessing the drug. A large percentage of these offences were extremely minor in nature and did not have any violence involved.

With HB 2050, Representative Wheatley hopes to put an end to these racially motivated arrests. In addition, it is anticipated that the bill will create a ‘comprehensive market place’ to legally sell cannabis to adults.

However, a lot of substantial changes will be needed to attain this goal. This will involve creating a market structure where cultivators, processors, retailors, and dispensaries could work within a legally protected framework for easy access of buyers.

Once the market is established, tax revenues collected from these sectors are expected to be directed towards social elevation schemes. After-school programs for youth, student loan forgiveness and affordable housing being among them. This will allow the lower-income strata of the state to get access to medical marijuana through proper channels, legally.

Cannabis Clean Slate Initiative –  A major move towards Criminal Justice Reforms

According to research, marijuana possession has led to many racially motivated arrests in the past. African Americans are 3.64 times more likely to be incarcerated for marijuana offences than whites despite of similar usage rates. This racial injustice is giving rise to deep rooted hatred in the community and is the main motive behind the Black Lives Matter Movement.

The main intent of HB 2050 is to initiate criminal justice reforms in the state of Pennsylvania. Provisions like decriminalizing possession, and expungement of past marijuana offence records are some of the moves in that direction.

Why is expungement of minor marijuana offences important?

The consequences of arrests always go well beyond the court room and jail. This is mainly because personal records of those arrested are scarred for life.

Individuals with past ‘criminal records’ face problems in different walks of life. For instance, finding decent job opportunities or obtaining loans  become tough as soon as background checks pop up. In addition to this, the shame that is associated with a criminal tag attached haunts individuals for life.

This is why one of the main proposals of HB 2050 is the expungement of non-violent and minor marijuana offences.

According to Wheatley, “We should help provide some relief for those individuals, and potentially hopefully, those individuals will stay here, work here, be productive citizens here,”

Access to medical marijuana made easy

Representative Wheatley also aimed to resolve issues relating to accessing medical marijuana by residents in his state. Once again these issues were disproportionately affecting  people of color, notably those belonging to lower income groups.

People have reported problems in finding transportation to medical dispensaries, financial bottlenecks or unavailability of physicians to prescribe the drug in particular communities.

In an attempt to address these problems, HB 2050 has designed a complete legal system that would allow growers, processors and dispensaries to operate within laws that would permeate social benefits.

Economic Effects of Cannabis Legalization

“There’s much more that needs to be done to reverse the decades of injustice, and we need to start by decriminalizing cannabis and legalizing it for adult use,” says Governor Tom Wolf.

He is among those advocates who have stressed for the legalization bid time and again. This month was his third event that was focused on making a case for legalization.

Among other advocates of policy reforms in the region is Lt. Gov. John Fetterman (D). He has he been extremely vocal about his stance on cannabis legalization. Furthermore, he believes that Pennsylvania can do better than other states in growing local marijuana.

Upon legalization, the cannabis industry is expected to have a potential to generate millions in revenue. These expectations are not an illusion, but rather a reality seen in other states like Colorado where sales and tax revenues were record breaking.

This industry is expected to provide the much needed economic leverage to the state at a time of crises like never before. The legalization will create many opportunities within the cannabis industry. In addition to this, revenues generated from it could be redirected to other industries heavily impacted by the COVID-19 crises.

In addition to benefitting the locals, legalizing cannabis is also going to benefit law enforcers. It is going to free up resources for other viable causes than just implementing marijuana laws.

 

 


 

 

 

A graduate in Bachelors of Business Administration, Yumna Haq is an ardent researcher and a dedicated writer. Having lived in three different counties, her cultural exposure is vast, allowing her to reflect more knowledge in her work. She's currently working for Cannabis Health Insider as a news writer.

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Investment In Marijuana Industry May Become Easy After Renewing UK Legislation

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Investments in the marijuana industry and businesses relating to cannabis have been limited as the UK legislation has limitations. The investment policies for investing money in the national cannabis business and international weed activities differ for every country. The authorities of a country or state determine and formulates laws according to their locality needs, demands, and requirements.

RizeETF Founders Progress in Marijuana Industry

The company Rize Medical Cannabis and Life Sciences Ucits ETF has been doing business regarding marijuana, reports Ft. Since 2016 the company is focusing on potentials of earnings through legal, medical marijuana sales. Rize ETF has also analyzed the possible increase in profits if the investment is permitted in the marijuana industry.

The company RizeETF lists funds in the Stock Exchange of London. Funds are also listed by companies in Deutsche Borse Xetra and Six Swiss Exchange. Rules for the stock investments for the marijuana industry vary. There is a greater chance of many countries legalizing cannabis business activities. TrackInsight elaborates that funds for marijuana increase from $792 million to $4.4 billion.

ALSO READ: Update: Cannabis Stocks Reaching New Heights

According to current legislation regarding the marijuana industry or business and investment, investment in marijuana involving business can occur only if it is legal. The marijuana business has to be legal at the national level within the United Kingdom and outside as well.

Changes in Investment Trends and Marijuana Usage

In the last year, investment trends in the legal marijuana industry and businesses have increased immensely. Those who have been investing in the industry were able to generate huge profits.

Extraction of various chemicals from different parts of the cannabis plant is possible. These various types of chemicals are classified depending upon their properties. In November, it was made clear by the European Court of Justice that cannabidiol is not a narcotic. The UN Commission on Narcotics Drugs also removed marijuana from the list of detrimental drugs.

Changes are occurring on an international level, and chances of increasing progress of the marijuana industry are high as new legislation is under discussion. The passing of a bill suggesting the legalization and decriminalization of marijuana in New York has already occurred. In New York, people are free to use marijuana for medicinal and recreational purposes.

ALSO READ: Social and Economic Equity a Priority in New York Cannabis Legislation

The US Secure and Fair Enforcement Banking Act is yet to pass. When the House of Representatives passes this bill banking industry will provide services to people of the marijuana industry. Hence, cannabis business owners will handle cash easily and get sufficient investors if they require investment.

ETFs Earnings and More

The investment in the marijuana industry is made by cannabis-focused ETFs. There are many alterations in business trends involved; companies are exploring new markets for the sale of their medicinal and recreational cannabis products.

Many companies that were have signed agreements have canceled them as one of the companies begins to invest in recreational cannabis products. Recreational marijuana products are still to get approval from the international market to get maximum profits in this field. However, investing in it will be highly profitable when national legislation regarding allowing cannabis for recreational use will get approval. The ETFs owning the marijuana industry will generate sufficient income as long as their business activities are legal on a national and international level.

Some people have concerns that ETFs that have been investing or have to experience in investing in the marijuana industry are generating maximum capital. According to Morningstar’s Lamont, ETFs shall not invest in retail setups as they will not generate sufficient income. Lamont recommends investing in sectors including the marijuana industry and cannabis-related businesses. But he suggests that cannabis retail investment is risky.

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Minnesota Cannabis Legalization Bill All Set For Approval

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The cannabis legalization bill has been represented in different states, including Minnesota. The House of Minnesota has been having discussions regarding the subject. After considering every aspect of the bill, the House will soon pass and implement it, reports Kare11.

Cannabis legalization and decriminalization bills in different states aim to enhance the flourishing of the marijuana industry. Other objectives include providing equal opportunity to people of color and minorities to start their businesses. Possession of a certain amount will not lead to imprisonment as possessing marijuana up to a certain amount for individuals above 21 will be legal.

The Efforts of Minnesota Legislature for Passing the Bill

Legislatures have been trying for many years to formulate and pass a bill allowing recreational or adult use of marijuana. On Thursday, the Minnesota House will vote regarding approving the legislation. If the cannabis legalization bill gets approval on Thursday, then people in Minnesota above the age of twenty-one can easily use marijuana for recreational purposes.

DFL leaders to legalize marijuana have been making efforts and presenting bills. But there has been a delay in passing these bills due to the opposition of Republicans. According to Rep. Winkler, the opposition does not want to vote and is not interested in passing the cannabis legalization bill in any way. Winkler further adds that opposition is the main reason for delaying legalization and decriminalization of cannabis.

ALSO READ: Cannabis Legalization Bill On Its Way To Approval In Minnesota

According to state DFL leaders, every detail about the cannabis legalization bill has been discussed. The topic of discussion includes the possible outcome of passing the bill and the benefits it will generate for Minnesota. Leaders are highly hopeful that the bill will get approval during a House meeting scheduled for Thursday at 4:30 p.m.

Why Republicans Oppose Cannabis Legalization Bill in Minnesota

Republicans highlight that they intend to manage the budget without increasing taxation. Paul Gazelka is the Republican Senate Majority Leader. According to Paul, improving the economy by safely reopening schools and business activities is better than legalizing cannabis for people.

Besides, Republicans have doubts and concerns regarding the side effects of the recreational use of marijuana. Republicans elaborate their perspective by saying that adverse effects to recreational use of cannabis have appeared in some areas. Thus, according to them, it is better to learn more before passing the cannabis legalization bill in Minnesota.

But Rep. Winkler disagrees with the Republican point of view. According to Paal Carter, the tobacco and alcohol industries are working effectively within regulations, and the cannabis industry will work likewise by following cannabis legalization and decriminalization bills.

Winkler clarifies that the formulation of the cannabis legalization bill represented in the House took over two years. After completing research, talking to law enforcement, and considering public health officials’ opinions and concerns, the bill formulation occurs. Thus, there is nothing to worry about, and the bill is all set to pass.

Possible Changes that Can Occur After Approval of Cannabis Legalization Bill 

The passing of this bill will enable the legal business and sales of cannabis products. The cannabis legalization bill will result in anyone above the age of 21 purchasing cannabis for recreational purposes from an authorized marijuana retailer. Record-keeping regarding cannabis users and the demand or sales of cannabis products will be easy.

ALSO READ: Marijuana-Containing Baked Products Now Available In Michigan

After passing and putting the marijuana legalization bill into action, Minnesota will be able to earn large tax revenues. Other states that legalized marijuana last year were able to obtain huge tax revenue. According to the Tax Foundation, Colorado and Washington successfully earned more than $300 million through tax revenue from legal cannabis activities.

Twelve of the House committees have approved of marijuana legalization, and the final decision will occur on Thursday after the vote.

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Marijuana Cultivation in Colombia by Flora Growth Becomes Public

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Marijuana cultivation within any state has to be per the cannabis laws of that state. In Colombia, some cannabis cultivators can grow cannabis outside within a certain area.

There are chances of the introduction of new cannabis reforms at the federal level. Investors are making their moves while observing the situation closely as their profit or loss depends upon new regulations. Marijuana cultivation usually takes place in indoor greenhouses. In Canada, mostly cannabis companies cultivate marijuana through the controlled environment in greenhouses.

Some cannabis companies have their set up in Canada and different states of the United States. Production units can be found in Canada and the US, and the types of methods used for cannabis cultivation can vary.

Marijuana Cultivation Methods and Cultivation Preferences 

Cannabis cultivation can occur inside greenhouses and outside in an open environment if temperature and other growth factors are appropriate for its growth. Moreover, marijuana cultivation in the outside or open fields is cost-effective and requires traditional methods for this process of cultivation.

Indoor greenhouse cultivation of cannabis occurs in a controlled environment, and it yields the best marijuana product qualitatively and quantitatively. Latest technologies are used in this method of cultivation. The cost for marijuana cultivation using new technologies is much greater than the cost-spends at its growth using traditional methods.

Some growth tricks used to increase the yield of cannabis include topping, super cropping, flushing, low-stress training, and monster chopping. Other cutting methods can increase the growth of marijuana.

ALSO READ: Canopy Growth And Other Cannabis Company Stocks Rise

Flora Growth is a cannabis company in Colombia, USA, and has headquarters in Toronto, Canada. The company cultivates marijuana for producing its medicinal products via traditional methods.

In Colombia, cannabis companies do not quickly get a license to register and grow marijuana within companies’ premises. According to CEO Luis Merchan, Flora Growth has the approval of the Colombian government for legal marijuana cultivation, and cultivating a gram of marijuana dry flowers costs only 6 cents. The cost of indoor cultivation of cannabis in North America is about $1.25.

Despite being cost-effective, companies are not racing to get Colombian government approval as these companies prefer cultivating marijuana closer to home.

Alterations in Flora Growth Shares 

Investors are not interested in investing in Flora Growth, and company shares continue to fall up to four percent, reported CNN. Traditional marijuana cultivation costs remarkably low, and Flora Growth can generate high-quality cannabis-based foods. Flora Growth also formulates beauty products using cannabis.

The increase in share prices is slow, and the company is still small as compared to other companies involved in the cannabis business on an international level. Flora Growth has to make many efforts to improve its share price and grow to become a bigger cannabis company like Altria, Tilray, and Canopy.

Flora Growth has made a public offering to make mergers or sign contracts with other companies and investors. The CEO is confident that Flora Growth will successfully increase its share prices. The company can earn sufficient earnings by selling good quality products produced at low cost as it uses traditional marijuana cultivation methods.

ALSO READ: Marijuana Business Legislation Will Alter in New Jersey

The company has a partnership with Miss Universe of 2014, Paulina Vega. As a result of this partnership, the launch of Flora Growth cannabis-infused topical products has become easy and effective in increasing stock prices. The skincare cannabis product formulation occurs by extracting CBD and other non-psychoactive phytochemicals from the cannabis plant. The extraction of components occurs by utilizing plants grown through traditional marijuana cultivation methods.

According to Merchan, Flora Growth has remarkable cultivation facilities, infrastructure, marketing team, cooperative working team, and efficient sales team across the globe.

Changes in reforms to marijuana cultivation, sales, possession, and other marijuana activities will increase competition, and Flora Growth has the potential to flourish in a highly competing environment.

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