A recent report published in the February issue of Bioresearch Technology Reports proposes that Turkish researchers were able to convert cannabis metabolites into electricity. Indeed, even after an individual consumes cannabis, the metabolites that they expel through their urine can be utilized for practical purposes.
Pre-legalization, the simplest method to find somebody consuming marijuana was to force them to take a urine test and examine for the presence of any component of marijuana.
However, post-legalization, researchers have revealed another use of urine test — by utilizing the components inside the urine to generate electricity.
A Novel Method to Produce Electricity:
In a recent report, researchers were able to effectively transform cannabis metabolites into electricity. The paper, published by Dr. Tunc Canal and partners from Uskudar University in Istanbul in Bioresearch Technology Reports, utilized microbial fuel cells. These are bio-electrochemical instruments that blend chemical compounds and select microscopic organisms like bacteria together to generate electricity. The molecule being referred to COOH-THC (otherwise known as 11-Nor-9-carboxy-THC) is the essential metabolite of THC (delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol), the primary compound from the cannabis plant that gets you “high”.
The scientists found that putting synthetic and real urine that contains THC metabolites in an MFC produced two impacts — 60 percent of the metabolite COOH-THC was eliminated, while likewise producing electricity in the meantime.
“Untreated urine samples pooled from drug-free male donors generated 0.35 V of peak electricity in the energy units,” the scientists wrote. “At the point when the urine samples were replaced with those from cannabis users (containing 170 ng/mL of COOH-THC), the voltage of 0.23 V was achieved. ”
Moreover, the scientists added that utilizing the MFCs to produce electricity as well as eliminate 60 percent of the metabolites would be helpful for the average household of the environment.
“The outcomes demonstrated that MFCs can be utilized for treatment of cannabis metabolites found in human urine to avoid the contamination of the natural ecosystem with these strong and lethal metabolites,” scientists added. “Also, in spite of the fact that in small levels, voltage generation gives additional esteem that could be utilized to control certain applications in the treatment plants.”
So, How Exactly Does it Work?
In order to get metabolites of marijuana, you need to go to the source: the urine of marijuana users. However, if this science is true, it would be a shelter for both marijuana and renewable power advocates.
According to the paper, electricity was produced directly from air-cathode microbial fuel cells. They analyzed the amount of energy produced from synthetic (control) urine to marijuana user’s urine (as a side note, in the paper they state it was utilized “neat”).
Both the synthetic control (with added sodium acetate as carbon source) and the COOH-THC bound urine were compared in how much electricity each generated. The MFCs work this way: MFCs utilizes exo-electrogenic microorganisms to extract electrons from carbon-based compounds (subsequently the added sodium acetate). These electrons move to a cathode and generate electric current. These exo-electrogenic microorganisms work by oxidizing carbon-based substrates, for example, polysaccharides. This oxidation expels electrons from the substrate, and those electrons would then be used as electricity.
A similar method has been used with substances like ammonia, hydrocarbons, ethanol, propanol, ethylene glycol, glycerol, cyclic alcohols, and formic acid.
With the increase of worldwide cannabis consumption, THC metabolites will be found in abundance. With the increase in pot consumers in the States just as Canada, there will undoubtedly be more samples to generate energy from them…well, from their urine. This is, by a long shot, a standout amongst the most unusual ways that cannabis-related derivatives could potentially be utilized for innovative purposes.
Does combining meditation and cannabis have any positive effects?
Researches suggest that combining mediation and cannabis can have positive effects. It can help you in a variety of ways.
When the vitality of cannabis plant is added to the act of meditation then you get much more involved to it.
Meditating on cannabis can help you figure out how to control and deal with your psyche. It also affects the way you think and you can come up with better ideas.
Although meditation requires serious energy and consistent practice. But by following a few tips you can help bring it into the present moment.
The main tip is to use cannabis into your meditation practice.
Combining meditation and cannabis
For truly taking advantage from meditation you should always select an indica strain that isn’t too strong while meditating. This strain will get you precisely where you should be. You will feel more relax and uninhibited. It will affect as long as you don’t propel yourself excessively hard.
The focus is the top requirement for meditation so you should be very careful that you don’t lose that. Smoking or vaping a high amount of THC can affect your imagination and your ability to focus while meditating.
You should be very careful about the dosage of the strain you are taking. Medium to the strong dosage of indica strain is recommended. This dosage will get you closer a state where your dimension of mindfulness stays cleared, maybe even raised.
But again cannabis will influence every individual differently, so the most ideal approach to figure out what is appropriate for you is by experimentation.
How meditating with cannabis can help you?
It can help you in a variety of ways. Let’s take a look at some of them:
- It can lighten the stress.
- It figures out how to tune in to your psyche and body more thoughtfully.
- It builds up a sound meditation practice.
- It reduces pressure on the mind.
- You can sense predominance.
- It oversees your addictive behaviour.
- It improves your mental health.
- It decreases uneasiness, panic, and fear when high.
You need to get sufficiently high to just quicken the tuning in procedure and not very high that you end up limiting it. You need to figure out the right amount of cannabis that you should consume. So that you can feel the calmness.
What you need to practice?
First of all, you need to find yourself a seated position that is comfortable so that you can bring your meditation. Setting down your mat is another alternative option.
But you should be very careful that you are keeping your psyche and body awake through the training. The state of your mind really matters in meditation. If during practice you feel restlessness then it means that your body needs some rest and you should get some sleep.
You should be focused during meditation. It usually happens that when you sit down for meditation then you have different thoughts in your mind. You should avoid that as you can lose your focus. The key idea is to clear your mind and stay focused.
When you will practice these skills again and again with cannabis you will learn more about yourself. Moreover, you can make better decisions.
Do ancient people of China consumed marijuana?
People have not started using marijuana these days. They were smoking marijuana almost 2,500 years ago. It is revealed at the result of the excavation of the ancient Chinese tomb.
The evidence of utilization of Cannabis
Archaeologists discovered proof of burned cannabis that contained a high amount of THC. It was found on wooden incense burners. It was also reported that they found 10 burners. And all burners had traces of cannabinol. These burners are called braziers. They were found at an ancient site (Jirzankal Cemetery). It is in western China on Pamir Plateau.
The residues were found in the wooden incense burners. Its chemical composition was tested in the laboratory by using an identification procedure called gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The results revealed that the residue is burned cannabis.
A researcher and professor from the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences told the news reporters that to our fervor we distinguished the biomarkers of cannabis in the absolute first test and it appeared in the internal burned layer. As it was a great deal to identify the cannabis from the residues that were 2,500 years ago.
Moreover, there is also proof of the cultivation of cannabis in eastern China going back to at least 3500 BCE. Cannabis was also cultivated in East Asia from at least 4000 BC.
At that time the essential use of cannabis appears to have been as an oil-seed and fiber crop. But this cannabis had low psychoactive properties. That clearly means that those people were not taking marijuana to get high. They use to utilize plants that had exceptionally low amounts of THC. It means that the people of that era were also aware of the side effects of consuming more THC.
From all this evidence it is proved that cannabis was used in China from a long ago. And people are harvesting it for a long time.
From all these investigations and testings researchers also found something else from the residues of cannabis in wooden burners. That is the amount of THC was usually more than the THC found in wild plants. It clearly means that the people choose the plants that had higher levels of THC and then utilized it.
They used to smoke cannabis as a part of custom or religious activity. Researchers wrote in their examinations that their religious activities were mostly associated with burials. For instance, they focused to communicate with God or the deadly people.
Trading of Cannabis
Researchers have found that the people used to trade cannabis along the early trade routes of Silk road. At that time cannabis was not so commonly used around the world. People were also unaware of its psychoactive effects.
The Silk Road played a vital role in early trading of cannabis, placing central Asia at the heart of the ancient world. The investigations imply that the use of cannabis for custom and religious activities spread along the trade routes of Silk road.
Importance of these researches
These researchers helped us to know about the cultures of ancient people. And we come to know about the importance of cannabis in their lives. It also gave us information about the human acknowledgment of phytochemicals in plants. And we also came to know about the difference between the perspectives of modern and ancient people about cannabis.
What Are the Amendments in Nevada’s Marijuana Laws?
Nevada has gone through many amendments in its marijuana laws since the full legalization of marijuana. The latest amendment is the addition of Assembly Bill 533 in the legislation.
The Governor of state signed the bill a few days ago. According to the bill, the local administrative bodies in Nevada will not be allowed to license cannabis for social usage in business. The bill also directed towards the formation of a CCB – Cannabis Compliance Board.
Additionally, employers belonging to the state will have no right to not to give jobs to people based on a positive cannabis test. The law will come into action the next year, making it the only US state to have a law of such kind.
Employers followed the controlled drug list prior to the amendment
In the past, people had to undergo drug screening tests before employers hired for a certain job. The drugs included all those listed in the controlled substance list by Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
The list also still includes cannabis, which is a hot topic among many sectors, sports being one of them. The situation has changed for Nevada, as the recent amendments have shown flexibility in terms of hiring employees for different jobs. The Compliance Board, however, comes with certain reservations.
The law was not unanimous
The law does not apply to all jobs unanimously. Technical jobs and jobs demanding precision are excluded from the law. For instance, vehicle operating jobs, firefighting, and all other jobs critical for the safety of the general public are not going to have any leniency in terms of hiring new employees for the job.
Moreover, the new law also states that if in any case, the recruiters are aiming for a screening test, then the individual under question holds a legal right to opt for other screening tests for the confutation of the test result. The hiring side will have to accede to the rules.
The law is a good call for employment rates in the state of Nevada
This will ultimately decrease the chance of association between cannabis legalization and unemployment in the state. The bill will not only ensure employment opportunities but also secures public safety regulatory measures. Marijuana for recreational purposes was officially made available two years ago in the state.
Similar happened in New York City, NY when the city council approved a similar bill that also ceased the condition of not hiring new employees if they showed positive test results. However, on full legalization of cannabis in Maine for recreational use, there is no proper law lifting the ban even though the authorities have not allowed the employers to let the consumption hinder in the employment process.
What reservations does the Compliance Board have about cannabis for social use?
The Compliance Board would be off-setting cannabis provision for social usage in mid-year of 2021. The council vote of its capital Los Vegas, however, could be a ray of hope for creating business opportunities in the city with the increment in the revenue for legal retailers.
The first batch permitted for the “social usage” would have been these retailers in the first year of the application. Until the state government permits, the authorities will not be licensing businesses relating to marijuana consumption.
It would create a backlash for the industry in the time when it is just at the point of budding. However, at the moment, the state government will be prioritizing lawful regulation of for businesses for social use.
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