A well known clinical audiologist Dr. Dennis Colucci explains researches based on the treatment of tinnitus with cannabis in his article published in The Hearing Journal. This research is published and is available online for the public.
Tinnitus and its impact on the patient’s life
American Tinnitus Association reports Tinnitus as an audiological or neurological disorder in which the patients perceive sounds which are not from any real source. The condition is an indication of some underlying illness. The patients report hearing of sounds at irregular intervals. Sounds may be of various intensity and pitch such as ringing, buzzing, hissing or humming either in single ear or both.
There are various factors responsible for inducing such symptoms. These may include age-related hearing loss, an ear injury or a disturbance in auditory nerves.
The condition can influence a person’s life very badly. Especially when it interferes with patient’s perception of real sounds.
No medicine can cure the condition completely. However, some antiepileptic and antidepressant medicines with some cognitive behavioral therapy techniques can help in managing the symptoms.
There is an obvious lack of evidence and investigation in proving the efficacy of cannabis in this regard. Some physicians consider tinnitus a form of sensory epilepsy because in this cochlear cells become hyperactive. Medicinal marijuana has proved effective for the treatment of epilepsy. Some researchers have assumed that treatment of tinnitus with cannabis could be a possibility.
It is quite possible that CBD may target the TRPV1 receptors due to its therapeutic quality. Expert Committee on Drug Dependence of the World Health reveals CBD as nonpsychoactive, nonaddictive and does not give a high.
Researches about Effects of Cannabis on Tinnitus
Dr. Colucci refers to the study by Tabrizi, el at. In an article in The US National Library of Medicine. Tabrizi analyzes the system of endocannabinoids that hinder the action of TRPV1 receptors responding to cell injury or pain. Fiskerstrand identified a genetic mutation that disturbs the functioning of endocannabinoids system.
Ghosh, et al. delivered endocannabinoid to rats via transtympanic administration. Rats were later injected with cisplatin, an antineoplastic drug. The results showed that administration of endocannabinoid helped in the recovery of hearing in cisplatin-induced rats.
Smith and Zheng tried to find out the effect of CBD and THC on tinnitus in an experiment on rats. However, the results were unclear. They found that the use of cannabinoids on noise-exposed rats could make tinnitus worse.
In his article, Dr. Colucci has laid great emphasis on the need for further studies about the treatment of tinnitus with cannabis. In order to study the healing quality of CBD and THC, various factors have to be considered. Both the compounds can affect very differently depending on the strain, concentration, and right dose.
The medicine could act differently whether the user inhales the drug or uses as a tincture, ingested or applied to the skin.
Major issues that inhibit further researches are concerns about non-adult use and safety-related matters, labeling, and concentration of products.
Dr. Colucci is hopeful that changing laws about cannabis would facilitate further research.
New Marijuana legalization laws proposed in DC
The ‘New Modern Day Cannabis Justice Reform Act’ initiated in Washington D.C, is supposedly a big move towards flexing laws that may legalize marijuana sales in the district.
A ballot concerning the reform is due to be conducted in November of 2020. Supporters of the initiative are required to collect around 24,835 valid signatures from registered voters in order to qualify the proposed reform for balloting. This is going to be a challenge in this period of Covid 19 induced social distancing rules in place across the board.
Why are activists pushing the new changes in marijuana laws?
Since 2014, Washington D.C. has had the legalization of marijuana in place for its people. Although this legalization has allowed small-scale cultivation and restricted possession of the commodity, a retail model was non-existent.
Due to these persisting loopholes, the expectations that were associated with the legalization of marijuana are yet to be met.
Activists of marijuana legalization are arguing that this situation demands more input by law makers. The reform is proposing law makers of the district to legalize marijuana sales in the region within limits put into effect by law. Supporters of the reform are expecting a lot from this initiative if it finally makes it to next stages of balloting due in November.
The executive director of this entire campaign Dawn Lee-Carty, sees real potential in the reform. “Our goal is to push hard and—if we have to take it to Congress, whatever levels that we have to take—to ensure that it is a different cannabis climate for the safety of the patient, for the economy, for those who run a participate and want to be store owners for cannabis, we should have access just like big moneyed interests have access without being washed out,” she said in an interview to Marijuana Movement.
One of the provisions of the proposal makes residence in Washington D.C a compulsory requirement for business license seekers. Any individual who has been living for more than two years as a permanent resident in the district can apply for the licence.
This is going to safeguard the growth prospects of the locals and provide them with new business opportunities. Other provisions of the reform have put forward policies that will prevent vertical integration and hence inhibit monopolization in the local industry.
The proposed end of prosecutions linked to cannabis related crimes is one of the major clauses that are being presented through the reform. All earlier convictions tied with the consumption, cultivation and sales of marijuana would see an expungement if the reform is put into effect.
This new reform will promote a more racially balanced implementation of law, as argued by the supporters of the initiative. This will limit confrontation and interaction with the police, reducing chances of ‘racially disproportionate’ marijuana related arrests. With this new move incidents of over-zealous police action will see a huge decline as prosecution will not be a priority in cases of marijuana use, sales and possession.
This movement has also pressed for a re-training of cannabis detecting dogs into sniffing weapons, explosives and firearms for ensuring a safer existence of the people in the district.
If the initiators of the reform are successful in gathering the required signature count to put the proposed policy changes into effect, Washington D.C is going to witness changes on all levels.
It is going to redirect a lot of funds tied up in enforcing marijuana related laws towards the security and well-being of the residents of the district. The reform will bring in business for the people of the district and tax revenues for the government from multiple sources with a retail model finally in place.
Why Cannabis Regulation In Texas Is Complex And Problematic
Farmers in Texas come from a long line of agricultural heritage. But across the state, the view on one plant in particular is controversial. Known as ‘hemp‘ (cannabis sativa), this drug is a hot topic of conversation. Texas, in particular, is a very conservative state and it has always had a tenuous relationship with the crop. Check out our article here, which explains the current regulation of it in Texas.
It was only in 2019 was the cultivation, processing and sale of commercial hemp legalized. However, the state still opposes cannabis use for the purpose of ‘getting high’. Hence, the recent conditions of its allowance reflect that stance. Currently, there is a ban on produce with a THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) content of over 0.3%. Of the numerous chemicals in cannabis, only CBD (cannabidiol) is permissible.
The recent regulations on hemp companies are quite stringent
In Texas, the recent bill passed by the government has legalized the use of hemp. Due to its toughness and durability, hemp has long been used in industrial applications and goods. However, the rest of the cannabis plant is illegal. This is because of its association with THC, a noted psychoactive drug. While THC has been shown to have mixed effects on health, CBD is considered safer.
Hemp companies have it pretty bad, too. The legislation that legalized hemp only did so with several caveats. The main points of consideration for all hemp companies is the now mandatory registration and licensing. And as Pur IsoLabs can confirm, very punitive.
Pur IsoLabs is a CBD-containing products retailer based in Kendall County, Texas. The president of the company is Austin Ruple, who is expecting their first crop. This is due to the very recent legalization of hemp, and the fair amount of time each harvest requires. For a small company, it is therefore, disappointing that the yield will be relatively small. In the meanwhile, public demand for cannabis has gone up. Larger, more established companies have started to swoop in for the business. This is because they can easily get the legal legwork done, and afford the fees.
Texas’s intolerance of most cannabis products stems from old societal taboos
The public morals across America have shifted since the 20th century. Since the puritanical roots of the higher social classes emerged, cannabis intolerance spiked. Since the 1930’s propaganda against ‘marijuana’ was used to vilify the Latino populace. Racism and blatant lies that the drug would encourage laziness and fraternizing with non-whites, fueled the flames against cannabis. It was made illegal across most of the nation until recently.
As other progressive nations like New Zealand and those in Europe legalize cannabis, some states in the USA have followed suit. However, until that is done the imbalance cannot be shifted. Even until now, senseless arrests over petty crimes like recent cannabis use abound. Just the possession of cannabis is an expensive misdemeanor (bail can costs upwards of hundreds of dollars). The recent War On Drugs mentality has left the cannabis trade in America broken.
Several studies have linked cannabis to medical applications and benefits
More and more studies are being released that agree on numerous unexpected benefits of cannabis. While smoking the drug can be unhealthy, the consumption as food or pills seems promising.
As several experts are now agreeing, America needs to change its attitude towards the plant. Years of blind dismissal and fear-mongering have led to very little work done on the marijuana in medicine. Hopefully, as legislation nationwide changes, we may yet see an improvement.
Connection of Marijuana usage with Autism stirs concerns
With the legalization of cannabis use globally, healthcare experts are sounding increased distress alarms. According to the latest researches conducted by related groups, the incidence of autism in children is on the rise due to increased marijuana consumption by either one or both parents of the unborn child.
Studies conducted by some of the prestigious institutions have backed these fears with their in-depth analysis of the matter.
Relationship between marijuana usage and autism in children
When Expecting Mothers Smoke Weed
Escalated marijuana usage by expectant mothers during their gestational period is supposedly causing a rise in the cases of autism.
Studies carried out in Canada between April 2007 and March 2012 have backed these claims with the thorough scientific analysis of researchers.
According to the outcomes of the research, marijuana exposure during gestation increases the risk of autism development in children by almost 50% .
Around 2.2 percent of the subjects faced greater intellectual difficulties like speech delays, smaller attention spans and social anxiety later on in their lives. These figures were in contrast to 1.4 percent of children with developmental delays born to mothers did not smoke weed during gestation.
Daniel Corsi, an epidemiologist and PhD holder in Health Research Methodology, reported the findings of these studies in Nature Medicine.
Another supporter of the main findings of these studies is Dr. Torri Metz, a clinical researcher and expert in the fields of obstetrics, gynecology and fetal development. She holds great interests in the impacts of marijuana intake on fetal development during pregnancy. She strictly advocates the idea that marijuana usage impacts fetal neurodevelopment negatively, with the true extents still under investigation.
Since the magnitude of marijuana usage on fetal brain development is largely unknown, doctors discourage it while pregnant or breastfeeding.
When Fathers smoke weed
Duke University Medical Center has conducted an interesting study on the subject. As per the research findings, autism in children also has some connections with marijuana intake by fathers.
According to the study, a particular gene undergoes genetic changes with increased marijuana usage. This gene is related directly related with autism and the changes can be passed on to the offspring.
These genetic changes are triggered in the sperm, once again establishing a negative relationship between neurological development and marijuana usage.
“This study is the first to demonstrate an association between a man’s cannabis use and changes of a gene in sperm that has been implicated in autism,” said senior author Susan Murphy, Ph.D., associate professor in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology at Duke University School of Medicine.
The entire team behind this research was skeptical about the idea that marijuana is benign in nature, and urged further research and studies on the subject.
With so much data that already discourages the use of alcohol by expecting mothers, there remains very less doubt pertaining to marijuana usage.
Why is marijuana getting more medical attention?
Despite of all of these research results, there are segments of stakeholders that see no harm in marijuana consumption. They argue that marijuana intake is a safer option for some to get relief from nausea, stress and anxiety which are a part and parcel of pregnancy and some other diseases as well.
Some healthcare providers actually encourage the use of cannabis to treat autism. According to them, it is an ‘effective option’ for dealing with conditions like seizures, anger fists and depression in such patients. They argue that cannabis actually improves the quality of life of autistic patients by huge percentages.
With increased legalization of marijuana and many related products, there are chances that consumption is going to see further increases. This means that the need for research on marijuana usage and its impacts on individual health is higher than ever before.
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