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WHO – New Study Suggests Face Masks Could Reduce Risk of COVID-19 by 85%

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The World Health Organization (WHO) recently approved a new review. The review emphasizes the importance of social distancing, face masks, and eye protection to decrease the spread of COVID-19. However, this applied to both health care settings and the general public. Furthermore, the review also mentioned that a safe distance of at least 3 feet (1 meter) between individuals would decrease the chances of infection by 82%. Moreover, the review has encourages a more effective distance of 6 feet (2m).

Why are face masks important?

Face Masks Covid-19

The New York Times

Face masks and cloth face coverings can potentially protect the general public and health care workers from COVID-19. However, the researchers emphasized that N-95 masks are more effective than other masks, especially in the health care industry. Due to the method of transmission, individuals are focusing on protecting their nose and mouth. However, the authors stated that eye protection might be just as beneficial as masks, and provide further protection.

However, the authors have acknowledged the limitations of the evidence regarding face masks and eye protection. Furthermore, none of the above ways are guaranteed 100% protection from COVID-19. Lead author and clinician-scientist in the Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, and Department of Medicine at McMaster University Ontario, Dr. Derek Chu, had given a statement. He explained that while all measures were essential, none excluded the possibility of infection completely. He added that consequently, hand hygiene is essential to further reduce the risk of infection.

The review

A new review was published in the journal, The Lancet, on June 1. Chu and his team examined existing research on COVID-19 ad relevant conditions SARS and MERS. In totality, the researchers examined 7 studied on COVID-19, 26 on SARS, and 11 on MERS. This summed up to 44 pieces of research conducted on over 25,000 participants in 16 different nations.

The studies focused on the impact of social distancing, face masks, and eye protection on the spread of COVID-19. The researchers focused on each of them and their degree of protection separately. However, the examination of the impact of the span of potential exposure on the prospect of infection was unsuccessful.

With social distancing and quarantine, however, the risks of infection were decreased. The risks were reduced to 3% with a distance of 3 feet, and to 13% with a distance of fewer than 3 feet. Furthermore, the risk of infection decreased further with added distance.

Risk of transmission

The risk of transmission decreased with added distances and further safety protocols, such as

  • With a face mask – 3%
  • Without a face mask – 17%
  • With eye protection – 6%
  • Without eye protection – 16%
  • Social distancing of up to 3 feet – 3%
  • Social distancing of fewer than 3 feet – 13%

Every extra 3 feet of social distancing reduced the risk by half.

The study’s senior author, and a professor at McMaster University, Holger Schünemann, gave a statement. The author explained how their findings are the first to study direct knowledge of COVID-19, SARS, and MERS. Consequently, this resulted in the best obtainable proof of the optimal use of these safety measures in order to flatten the curve.

In terms of protection, further research in the health care industry has concluded a 96% effectiveness in N95 respirators. Meanwhile, other masks with the inclusion of surgical masks showed 77% efficiency.

However, the review had made its room for error and improvement. No randomized control trials were included in the review. Instead, the review focused on observational studies. In such studies, researchers assign no treatment to participants and merely observe them, to conclude results. However, there is a need for randomized controlled trials, particularly on the impact of face masks on the rate of transmission. Thankfully, the authors have stated that two trials are ongoing in Denmark and Canada.

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Cannabis

Cannabis Found Effective in Treating Pain With Zero Side-Effects

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Recent Researches on Cannabis revealed its efficacy in Treating Pain with zero side-effects. A survey conducted as a part of this researched showed that patients experienced relief using cannabis for pain.

An Effective Substitute of Opioid

The survey also showed that Cannabis has greatly substituted Opioid. Opioid is a harmful drug which is used for managing pain. Previously, Opioid was the only drug effective in treating pain. However, it had a lot of side-effects. It causes drowsiness, mental fog, nausea, and constipation. It can also cause slowed breathing, which can lead to overdose deaths.

The daily use of cannabis in patients showed prolonged improvements in pain management and increased quality of life. In just a short interval of only three months, patients began to feel improvement in overall physical and mental health.

Effectiveness of CBD Oil in Pain Management

CBD (Cannabidiol) exists as a chemical compound which is obtained from the cannabis plant. Moreover, it decreases the pain with no development of any mind-altering or psychoactive effects. Additionally, CBD oil is produced by the extraction of CBD powder from the cannabis plant. Recommendations involve the use of olive or coconut oil, as a mixture, for better use.

Also Read: Good News For Sciatica Patients: Study Reveals Effective Results of CBD Oil

The latest studies on CBD oil have unveiled its neuroprotective, anti-seizure, and pain relieving qualities. Owing to its remarkable impacts on the human body, several celebrities are advocating for CBD.

Worldwide Legalization of Cannabis

It is essential to note that 33 states of the U.S. have legalized the use of medicinal Cannabis. Moreover, 11 states have legalized the use of medical Cannabis. With the legalization of Cannabis, the demand and supply of cannabis increased by multifold.

Also Read: Asian Visitor Caught Smuggling 6kgs of Cannabis in Dubai

Cannabis has proven to be extremely useful in treating various medical conditions especially depression, anxiety, insomnia and PTSD. Its anti-inflammatory properties make it a winner in treating breathing conditions as severe as asthma.

COVID-19 & CANNABIS

In view of the recent pandemic, COVID-19, Cannabis has also found its utility in speeding up the recovery of COVID-19 patients. COVID-19 is a highly infectious disease that has infected over 11 million people in the world. It is a cause of nearly half a million deaths worldwide. Medical marijuana has helped many people recover from the deadly disease.

In the view of the situation, many different countries have also relaxed their laws on the use of cannabis and cannabis related products. COVID-19 very badly affected economies all around the world. Tax revenues generated by the sales of Cannabis might help lift the deflating economies.

DANGERS of Cannabis

Cannabis plant consists of 2 major compounds; CBD (Cannabinol) and THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). While CBD is responsible for relaxing and calming the brain and nerves, THC is responsible for the ‘buzz’ or ‘high feeling’. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) acts on the specific receptors in brain cells and slowly deteriorates our brain.

However, Cannabis is an extremely useful drug if used in optimal amounts.It is highly effective in Treating Pain With Zero Side-Effects.

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Cannabis

Cannabis Activist Julian Stobbs Stabbed To Death

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The Cannabis activist Julian Stobbs, who struggled for several years in order to legalize personal marijuana use in South Africa, has been killed in a robbery at his Lanseria farm near Johannesburg. This incident took place in the early hours of Friday morning.

Source: Google Images

According to reports, Stobbs and his wife, Myrtle Clark better known as the Dagga couple fought a battle through courts in order to legalize cannabis. The police put them behind bars in 2010 for growing and smoking cannabis. As a result, after their release, they filed the case in the court.

 The Incident Of Robbery

The couple was asleep in their home located just outside Johannesburg when the burglars entered their home. They further entered into the couple’s bedroom and shot and stabbed him to death.

Myrtle didn’t get any physical injuries.  The burglars took everything in the house along with them. This includes two cellphones and two laptops.

According to a statement on the Dagga couple Facebook page, the South African cannabis community is grieving over the death of such a courageous warrior.

The family is appealing that the people must respect their privacy at the moment. Moreover, the public must allow Myrtle and the family some space during these tough times. Further, they are quite grateful for the love they have received from the public up till now.

Als0 Read: Cannabis May Be A Cure For Various Cancers

A Courageous Warrior

The killing of Stobbs might prove to be a huge calamity for the cannabis society in South Africa. A long-time South African cannabis activist and businessman Tony Budden told that Stobbs and Clarke were quite determined to aware people about the plant and its benefits. The citizens called him a courageous warrior. He was the one who never got scared to stand up for what he truly believed in.

Arrest In 2010

A few years back in August, 2010, police swooped the couples home. As a result, they were accused of possessing marijuana with the intention of selling it in the market. Clarke later told about the raid that all that the officers found was a middle aged couple in their pajamas and some quantity of cannabis.

The police arrested them after a five-hour trial in their kitchen. Stobbs further told that the police put a revolver on his cheek when he was sitting in the lounge. Clarke stated that: “The more we thought about it, the more we realized this was a gross invasion of our privacy. This is about sovereignty, it’s about cognitive liberty, it’s about the very freedom of our minds.”

Tour To Various Other Countries

The couple travelled the whole South Africa in order to give statements to rural and farming communities. They introduced their manifesto through which they decided to develop a way for freedom of cannabis in South Africa.

They further travelled to United Nations in New York to spread their message at an international level. Moreover, they even appeared at hearings on the UN’s Commission on Narcotic Drugs in Vienna to further pass on their message.

Also Read: No More Imprisonment For Possessing Marijuana In Austin

Both of them also studied the current cannabis laws all around the world. They made an attempt to convince international experts to attest on their behalf about the health impacts of cannabis. Stobbs also admitted that he started smoking cannabis several years ago. According to him, the ones who use drugs have rights as well, they are not animals and must not be imprisoned.

Consequently, the police stopped arresting adults for growing cannabis for their own use.

 

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No More Imprisonment For Possessing Marijuana In Austin

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Austin Police Department recently made an announcement on Thursday. According to this, the department will no longer issue court orders or take anyone into custody for possessing marijuana.

Source: Google Images

According to a memo from Police Chief Brian Manley, the officers will no longer arrest people with enough identification for Class A or Class B misdemeanor possession of marijuana offences. However, they will only arrest people for misdemeanor marijuana possession if it poses risk to a person’s safety.

Moreover, arrests will be made if it is part of a drug offence case or in an inquiry of a vicious offence. The officers shall seize the substance, note down a report and dismiss the person with no pending charges.

Austin City Council’s Resolution

At the beginning of this year in January the Austin City Council passed a resolution. The council successfully directed the Austin Police Department to stop arresting the individuals until and unless it poses the threat of personal safety.

Hence, the announcement made on Thursday clearly suggests that APD has made a few amendments in its policies. Particularly in order to act in accordance with the council’s resolution.

Also Read: Marijuana Decriminalization Policy Officially Commences In Virginia 

Manley’s memo explains that the council passed the policy of no longer arresting Austinites for low-level marijuana possession due to other statewide resolutions as well. He further points to a June 10 Texas House bill that permitted the production, manufacturing and trade of cannabis crops and products.

Manley told that after the city’s ruling, Texas Department of Public Safety made a demonstration. They would no longer receive and accept misdemeanor marijuana cases for lab analysis. He further explained that there was a gradual decrease in the citations from 2017 to 2019. The citations in 2017 and 2019 were 1,557 and 332 respectively. In addition to this, the number of arrests reduced from 319 in 2017 to 54 in 2019.

An Incident

In 2010, the officers arrested Austin Zamhariri for marijuana possession. Last year in April, he told that this arrest has made his life quite disturbed ever since. Due to the arrest on his record, he was not able to find jobs and accommodations. Neither was he able to obtain financial aid for college.

Zamhariri stated that: “It makes you feel like a criminal and there’s nothing different about me than any other Texan. There are thousands and thousands of Texans across the state who do not deserve to go to jail for a little amount of marijuana.”

Racial Discrimination

Member of the Austin City Council, Greg Casar responded in a statement, recommending the move towards racial justice in law enforcement.

According to him, recently in 2017, Black Austinites were seven times more prone to be arrested than White Austinites for possession of marijuana. This happened even when both races use cannabis at the same rate. Hence, thousands of the citizens of Austin were unnecessarily arrested for marijuana possession in the previous years.

Also Read: USA: Record Breaking Number Of 51,000 COVID-19 Cases Reported 

A report from ACLU in April clearly revealed that all in all, Black Americans are 3.64 times more likely to be arrested for marijuana possession than White Americans.

No doubt, in every single state and more than 95 percent of the counties contains over 30,000 people in it. Among them, at least 1 percent of the inhabitants are Black. The arrests are more common among Black people rather than among White people.

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