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WHO – New Study Suggests Face Masks Could Reduce Risk of COVID-19 by 85%

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The World Health Organization (WHO) recently approved a new review. The review emphasizes the importance of social distancing, face masks, and eye protection to decrease the spread of COVID-19. However, this applied to both health care settings and the general public. Furthermore, the review also mentioned that a safe distance of at least 3 feet (1 meter) between individuals would decrease the chances of infection by 82%. Moreover, the review has encourages a more effective distance of 6 feet (2m).

Why are face masks important?

Face Masks Covid-19

The New York Times

Face masks and cloth face coverings can potentially protect the general public and health care workers from COVID-19. However, the researchers emphasized that N-95 masks are more effective than other masks, especially in the health care industry. Due to the method of transmission, individuals are focusing on protecting their nose and mouth. However, the authors stated that eye protection might be just as beneficial as masks, and provide further protection.

However, the authors have acknowledged the limitations of the evidence regarding face masks and eye protection. Furthermore, none of the above ways are guaranteed 100% protection from COVID-19. Lead author and clinician-scientist in the Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, and Department of Medicine at McMaster University Ontario, Dr. Derek Chu, had given a statement. He explained that while all measures were essential, none excluded the possibility of infection completely. He added that consequently, hand hygiene is essential to further reduce the risk of infection.

The review

A new review was published in the journal, The Lancet, on June 1. Chu and his team examined existing research on COVID-19 ad relevant conditions SARS and MERS. In totality, the researchers examined 7 studied on COVID-19, 26 on SARS, and 11 on MERS. This summed up to 44 pieces of research conducted on over 25,000 participants in 16 different nations.

The studies focused on the impact of social distancing, face masks, and eye protection on the spread of COVID-19. The researchers focused on each of them and their degree of protection separately. However, the examination of the impact of the span of potential exposure on the prospect of infection was unsuccessful.

With social distancing and quarantine, however, the risks of infection were decreased. The risks were reduced to 3% with a distance of 3 feet, and to 13% with a distance of fewer than 3 feet. Furthermore, the risk of infection decreased further with added distance.

Risk of transmission

The risk of transmission decreased with added distances and further safety protocols, such as

  • With a face mask – 3%
  • Without a face mask – 17%
  • With eye protection – 6%
  • Without eye protection – 16%
  • Social distancing of up to 3 feet – 3%
  • Social distancing of fewer than 3 feet – 13%

Every extra 3 feet of social distancing reduced the risk by half.

The study’s senior author, and a professor at McMaster University, Holger Schünemann, gave a statement. The author explained how their findings are the first to study direct knowledge of COVID-19, SARS, and MERS. Consequently, this resulted in the best obtainable proof of the optimal use of these safety measures in order to flatten the curve.

In terms of protection, further research in the health care industry has concluded a 96% effectiveness in N95 respirators. Meanwhile, other masks with the inclusion of surgical masks showed 77% efficiency.

However, the review had made its room for error and improvement. No randomized control trials were included in the review. Instead, the review focused on observational studies. In such studies, researchers assign no treatment to participants and merely observe them, to conclude results. However, there is a need for randomized controlled trials, particularly on the impact of face masks on the rate of transmission. Thankfully, the authors have stated that two trials are ongoing in Denmark and Canada.

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Cannabis

What Cause Biden To Change his Policies For Cannabis?

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Biden

Ever since Biden took office as president, reforms have been under discussion for formulating new cannabis regulations and legislation at both the federal and state levels. After the election, people and investors were hopeful that the cannabis industry would flourish and progress in multiple markets as the government introduces new cannabis legislation.

Members of Biden’s political party have put forward bills recommending decriminalization and legalization of weed at activities at the state level, reports Forbes. Some states have already legalized and decriminalized marijuana business activities. Others are still discussing and making amendments to formulate effective cannabis regulations.

Democrats, of which Biden is a member, promised to decriminalize marijuana and introduce new cannabis regulations. Everyone had the impression that the Biden administration would legalize and decriminalize marijuana without any delay. However, more than five months of the New Year have passed, and there is no change in federal cannabis legislation. The drug is still under the controlled substance list and remains 100 percent illicit on the federal level.

People and investors are beginning to doubt the Biden administration’s approach towards cannabis regulations. Some are immensely disappointed with the philosophical approach of authorities towards marijuana legislation.

Five Members of Biden Administration Got Fired, People Have Their Concerns 

The reason for firing five of the members from the Biden administration is not clear. But it is likely to be associated with their past cannabis use. New cannabis regulations suggest allowing individuals to apply for various jobs or continue a job even if they have used marijuana at any time in their life. However, such legislation has not yet been passed on the federal level.

Firing employees because of their past cannabis habits is not fair. Everyone at least once in their life has used marijuana intentionally or unintentionally. Even president Joe Biden has admitted to using marijuana in his past life. There was a time when the FBI did not hire people with past cannabis use. But the FBI changed its cannabis regulations more than a decade ago and permitted people who no longer use marijuana to apply for jobs in the FBI.

ALSO READ: Legalizing Cannabis Generates Jobs In Various States, Says Survey Reports

The change in FBI cannabis regulations does not occur over a day. Changes occur over the years and deep debates on national and international levels. Eventually, permission to apply for a job in the FBI requires that as long as you pass the drug test and are not using drugs anymore. Moreover, the FBI has made amendments over the years. The White House shall also consider making new cannabis regulations.

People find this unacceptable and are disappointed in the authorities as they have forced five individuals to leave office because of their past marijuana usage.

The MORE Act

The MORE Act is not yet practiced but is under process. The Marijuana Opportunity Reinvestment and Expungement Act will introduce great cannabis regulations. According to the MORE Act, it is better to remove marijuana from the list of controlled drugs.

Furthermore, it suggests that people who have overcome their habit of cannabis use shall not suffer bullying in society. They shall be given equal rights as any other citizen has. The White House passed this bill. In August 2020, a bill suggesting allowing people to continue their lives without being charged for cannabis use in the past.

ALSO READ: Medical Marijuana Use is Now a Crime in Indonesia

Such a bill was in favor of legalizing and decriminalizing marijuana. Does Biden’s perspective on renewing cannabis regulations get affected because of his son’s condition relating to substance use? If so, the president and his administration shall reconsider the cannabis legislation for legalizing and decriminalizing marijuana.

The cannabis industry has great potential and a margin for enhancement or making progress. It will help to generate huge revenue and improve the economy. Biden favors state-level legalization of marijuana. He shall make new cannabis regulations for the federal level too.

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Cannabis

Mother Supports Young Irish Boy’s Cannabis Addiction, Spending $590 a Week

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marijuana addiction

An Irish judge is inspecting for punishing a 16-year-old boy for his cannabis habit. The cannabis addict boy had the full support of his mother, who was spending $590 per week to support her boy’s cannabis addiction. The boy got into weed when he was charged with forthcoming a drug search last year.

Teenagers Becoming Cannabis Addicts

Breaking News Ireland reports the teenager appeared this week along with his father in the court, lying in wait for a pre-sentence probation report. Judge Kelly was surprised to know that the young Irish boy’s mother was giving him money to buy weed, supporting his cannabis addiction rather than working on the boy’s rehabilitation.

During an incident in Dublin, the boy was guilty when caught red-handed with a suspected controlled substance in a private area of his underwear. This incident took place in April of 2020 when the boy aged 15.

Since then, Paul Kelly, judge at Dublin Children’s Court, kept an eye on the teenager who was being supervised. The Breaking News reports that the probation service was going well.

Although the probation service was going well, this couldn’t bring a decrease in the judge’s concern about the teenager. The boy was still consuming about $147 on cannabis per week, which has a potential influence on the mental health of the boy.

Judge Paul Kelly looks forward to continuing the probation service and keep the boy under supervision, irrespective of the Probation Service’s suggestion.

Ireland Bleeding in Cannabis

A commenter to Mary Jane’s Diary notes the consumption of cannabis in Ireland, which shows people paid $37 per gram of weed in 2017. A GrassCity message board reports that people were spending $15 per gram of cannabis in 2015. The Reddit post of 2018 suggests people should get about 3.2 to 3.5 grams of cannabis for $74.

ALSO READ: New Zealand’s Jacinda Arden Admits To Cannabis Use In Past

Breaking News states that the boy chose to remain silent when asked about his awareness regarding the impact of cannabis addiction on mental health. Judge Kelly still alerted the boy about the diverse implication of cannabis for the future.

This week, the College of Psychiatrists of Ireland has come up with the issuance of their caution. The psychiatrists from Ireland College state that cannabis addiction has a lethal impact on the mental health of young individuals.

Dr. Gerry McCarney in the college stated that the use of cannabis has a drastic impact on young people, altering their ability to learn, problem-solving, cognitive behavior, and general emotional intelligence. Dr. Gerry McCarney warns individuals that cannabis addiction at young age alters their social behavior.

Cannabis Addiction Skyrocketed Hospital Visits

The college statement shows an incline in the hospital admissions of young individuals with cannabis-related diagnoses and cannabis addiction. An increase of 300 percent of such hospital admissions has been reported between 2005 and 2017. The police impounded 16 percent THC levels in weed. If youngsters use weed weekly or more frequently, one in three young individuals is prone to cannabis addiction.

Breaking News reports that Judge Kelly stated in this week’s court about the teenage boy who had been searching for work that there is a need to address the boy’s cannabis use.

ALSO READ: Cannabis Makes its Way Into Education – New Cannabis Courses On The Offer

Judge Kelly emphasized spending money to fulfill other necessities of the 16-year-old boy rather than on cannabis that will potentially harm his social life and physical well-being. Cannabis addiction of young people gives birth to a boatload of complications. The judge states that an updated probation report would be awaited in six weeks to address the young boy’s cannabis use.

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Cannabis

Marijuana Business Legislation Will Alter in New Jersey

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marijuana business legislation

Marijuana business legislation does not allow people of color, minorities, or women to fully and directly participate in cannabis-related businesses. Similar things happen in New Jersey, where Jamel Holley put forward a bill addressing the same subject. Marijuana business legislation and other bills for cannabis are under discussion in different states of the United States.

In New Jersey, marijuana business legislation and bills relating to its possession, sale, and other similar activities are the subjects of committee meetings. The process of making a new law, passing legislation, altering current bills that are in action, and including or excluding instructions from the legislature is not easy and does not occur in a day or two, reported NJToday.

It takes time, sometimes a month or even more than a year. These processes involve political discussions in the House, parliament, and committee. Authorities consider every aspect of a bill represented by any political representative. Marijuana business legislation is also undergoing a similar process. A member of the Democrat union, Jamel Holley, proposes the “New Jersey Cannabis Regulatory, Enforcement Assistance, and Marketplace Modernization Act”.

What Marijuana Business Legislations Will Occur If Jamel Holley’s Bill is Approved?

Jamel Holley’s bill states new regulations for marijuana possession, sales, business activities, and many other changes in current marijuana business legislation. With the approval of the New Jersey Cannabis Regulatory, Enforcement Assistance, and Marketplace Modernization Act, individuals twenty-one years or older will be able to use cannabis easily. Marijuana business legislation will alter, and doing cannabis-related business will be legal within New Jersey.

ALSO READ: Strategies for Branding a Cannabis Business

Individuals aged 21 or above will not face criminal charges for possessing small amounts of cannabis and cannabis resins. The duties of the Cannabis Regulatory Commission will require expansion to implement this bill. It could cause alterations in marijuana business legislation. Cannabis Regulatory Commission will monitor the delivery, sales, cultivation, and manufacturing of weed and weed products. The commission will also regulate final product packaging and transportation of marijuana and cannabis resins.

The Cannabis Regulatory Commission in New Jersey will regulate the usage of marijuana for various purposes and check the contracts between investors and cannabis business owners. Regulating investors’ and owners’ policies is essential for bringing change in marijuana business legislation.

Why Jamel Holley Represented the Bill?

Following current legislation, minorities, women, and disabled dispensary owners are unable to fully manage and expand their cannabis stores. Moreover, the law in practice does not permit individuals to have more than one dispensary or marijuana manufacturing site or cultivation. Passing a bill represented by Jamel Holley in New Jersey doing cannabis business will be easy as it will enable revision of current marijuana business legislation.

Jamel Holley and Reynolds-Jackson represent their proposition. The aim of representing the bill was to bring change in the lives of minorities, women, and vendor cannabis owners who lack investment and are having a difficult time owning the cannabis business.

ALSO READ: Cannabis Legalization Bill On Its Way To Approval In Minnesota

People of minorities get low wages and cannot generate personal savings from them. Minorities have already suffered due to discrimination against current marijuana business legislation. According to Holley, revising cannabis policies to promote equity and improve the condition of minorities is essential to end the discriminating activities. It would be best if a revision in current policies occurs before legalizing and decriminalizing marijuana in New Jersey.

Under the bill, marijuana business legislation will occur. The bill allows investors to get up to 35 percent interest on their investment in up to seven cannabis dispensaries. Provided that these cannabis dispensaries are owned by women, minorities, or disabled veterans in New Jersey. This will resolve the issue of lack of capital investment and help people to run their businesses.

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