With the increasing popularity of cannabis products, consumers are stated to become intrigued regarding their options. The most common cannabinoids of cannabis are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). CBD can be from both cannabis and hemp. Hemp and cannabis are both derived from the Cannabis sativa plant. It is legally required for legal hemp to contain THC content of either 0.3% or less. Moreover, CBD is typically sold in different forms such as oils, gels, supplements, gummies, extracts, etc.
THC, however, is the primary psychoactive compound present in cannabis and is responsible for the “high”. While THC is usually consumed using smokable cannabis, it also exists in the form of edibles, oils, capsules, tinctures, etc. CBD and THC, both, interact with the endocannabinoid system of the body, producing different effects.
CBD Vs. THC
Both of these compounds consist of exactly the same molecular structure i.e 20 hydrogen atoms, 21 carbon atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms. However, a small difference is the arrangement of atoms which is responsible for the difference in the effects on the body. Moreover, the chemical composition of both CBD and THC is similar to the endocannabinoids of the body. Hence, interaction is possible.
This interaction further impacts the release of neurotransmitters in the brain. These neurotransmitters are the chemicals that are responsible for the transfer of messages between different cells, and play significant roles in immune function, stress, pain, and sleep, etc.
Irrespective of the same chemical structures, both compounds display different psychoactive effects. While CBD is psychoactive, it isn’t in the same manner as THC and doesn’t cause any high. However, research has shown that CBD can potentially help with anxiety, depression, and seizures.
THC, in the brain, binds with the CB1 (cannabinoid 1) receptors, and produces a sense of euphoria, commonly known as a “high”. CBD hardly binds to CB1 receptors, and weakly, if it does. CBD requires THC to be able to bind to CB1 receptors, and can consequently lessen many of the psychoactive effects of THC, like sedation or euphoria.
Both CBD and THC have similar medical benefits, and aid alleviation from several similar conditions. CBD, however, does not cause a high or sense of euphoria, unlike THC. Hence, owing to this effect, many people prefer CBD over THC.
Epidiolex was approved by the FDA in June 2018, which was the very first medication (only with prescription) to also contain amounts of CBD. This medication is usually used to treat rare kinds of epilepsy which can be difficult to control.
CBD further helps in treating several other conditions such as – inflammation, seizures, pain, psychosis, nausea, mental disorders, inflammatory bowel disease, anxiety, migraine, and depression.
THC on the other hand helps in treating conditions such as – muscle spasticity, pain, insomnia, glaucoma, nausea, low appetite, and anxiety.
There is constant evolution seen in the laws in the United States regarding cannabis. CBD, however, comes under Schedule 1 drugs, according to federal law. Hemp was taken off from the Controlled Substances Act. But, the DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) and FDA (Food and Drug Administration) still consider CBD under Schedule 1 Drugs.
33 states with the inclusion of Washington D.C, have declared cannabis laws, which legalizes higher levels of THC in medical cannabis. Medical cannabis would still need to be prescribed to the patient by a licensed physician. Additionally, many states have legalized the use of recreational cannabis and THC. CBD should be conveniently accessible in states where cannabis is legalized for both, medical and recreational purposes.
However, before shopping for any CBD or THC products, it is necessary to check your state’s laws. Possession of cannabis products in a state where it is not legalized would result in legal penalties.
Several cannabinoids such as THC and CBD can be seen on drug tests as they are stored in the fat of the body. Moreover, they can also be seen after several days or weeks of use. However, not all drug tests are able to successfully detect CBD. But, many CBD-sensitive tests are also used. Most of the basic drug tests will screen chemicals associated with THC, which is why marijuana or THC might also be detected.
Similarly, hemp also has the ability to produce THC, which can result in a positive drug test for THC, despite not having used it. Furthermore, many products claiming to be THC-free may still contain traces of THC. So, it is preferable to not use CBD or THC products if you are going for a drug test.
Large doses can also be used for CBD. Research shows that side-effects with CBD are usually the result of interactions between CBD and any other medications that are taken by the individual.
THC can be responsible for temporary side effects – increased heart rate, dry mouth, coordination problems, red eyes, memory loss, slower reaction times, and anxiety.
CBD can be responsible for side effects – fatigue, appetite changes, dizziness, weight loss, and diarrhea.
However, none of these compounds are lethal. High THC use can result in concerning psychiatric effects long-term. ut, there is a significant lack of conclusive evidence that would show that cannabis may cause psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia.
CBD and THC are the most popular cannabinoids. Cannabis and hemp produce both of these cannabinoids. While there is a higher concentration of THC in cannabis, CBD is present in a higher concentration in hemp. On average, cannabis strains currently contain 12% THC. While there may be small amounts of THC in CBD oil (due to its presence in the hemp plant in lower levels), it is a federal requirement for it to be no more than 0.3%
Both compounds are medically beneficial and safe. However, the drug-to-drug interactions between these compounds, and the induced side effects, must be focused on. It is advisable to discuss this with your doctor or any licensed cannabis clinician, to explore different products, etc. In states where medical cannabis is legal, it will also be easier to find a licensed CBD clinician to talk to.
The cannabis industry is diverse and consists of cannabis in different forms. Check out different recipes, product reviews, and research-based articles, to understand the benefits and limitations associated with cannabis.
Texas A&M Freshman Desires To Expand Cannabis Medical Use
Cannabis is an illicit drug that is applicable for treating certain medical conditions. Moreover, marijuana is effective in treating psychological disorders but due to its dependency nature and ability to cause addiction, its use is restricted.
The cannabis industry continues to explore new products, lines of administration, and much more. Furthermore, researchers are working on finding possibilities to expand the medical use of cannabis. Research and development projects continue to work and explore marijuana deeply.
Julia Patterson is a Texas A&M freshman and has a political science major. She is the first to become one of the youngest registered lobbyists in Texas, reports The Eagle. Medical use of cannabis to treat epileptic seizures was an effective approach for Julia as she was able to recover from epileptic seizures with marijuana use.
ALSO READ: Know Doctors Recommended Marijuana Tips
Julia Efforts For Expanding Medical Use Of Cannabis In Texas
Julia is currently working on expanding the state’s Compassionate Use Program, and for that, she seeks to influence Texas-Legislatures. She has been very active to encourage and convince lawmakers to expand their medical use of cannabis. Moreover, she has devoted herself to the cause and has been doing so since 2019.
She is also a participant in the Texas Compassionate Use Program, which allows physicians and psychiatrists to use low-THC medicines and products. Moreover, doctors under the program rules can give specific small doses for treating various health-related conditions to those patients who qualify.
In 2015 she advocated for passing the Texas Compassionate Use Program to treat more people with cannabis. In 2019 more qualifying conditions became part of the program. At the time, Julia testified before legislators.
According to Julia Patterson, expanding the program will make a difference and improve the quality of life. Especially those that can recover from certain diseases with sufficient larger doses of marijuana. Her life altered after getting treatment with marijuana in the form of CBD-oil, and she wants to do the same for others.
Julia desires not only to expand the Compassionate Use Program but also increase the limits of THC. So far, individuals can get only 0.5% THC in any cannabis-based formulation as per the program instructions. However, the program allows for low THC % medication because it is psychoactive and capable of producing a high feeling. Moreover, according to Jayne Reuben, chronic use of high THC medications can lead to Cannabis-use disorder.
Julia Peterson Recovers From Epileptic Seizers By Using CBD-Oil
Peterson had brain surgery and three medical implants. She was on a ketogenic diet for five years and received various medications. However, of the things she does or eats, nothing was effective in treating or controlling the seizures.
She was missing a lot of normal-life and suffering due to epileptic seizures. In February 2018, she was given CBD-oil for treatment through the Compassionate Use Program. According to her, within two months, she was entirely seizure-free. She was able to have a healthy life.
Along with CBD-oil, she was on second-seizure medication, and the treatment made her life better for good. Moreover, her recovery via medical use of cannabis encourages and motivates her to convince lawmakers to expand the Compassionate Use Program. Furthermore, she suggests that some qualification-conditions shall be part of the list that includes allowing the use of marijuana for non-terminal cancer, PTSD, and chronic pain patients.
According to Julia, if an individual has a chance of recovery from any disease, by using marijuana, then the doctors shall have access to give the doses.
According to Julia, increasing the THC percentage from 0.5% to between 1% and 5% will be effective and safe. Julia elaborates that monitoring of patients who receive cannabis-medication always occurs. Furthermore, prescribers monitor, supervise, and administer medication to such patients. The prescriber keeps in check alterations in the condition to ensure intoxication does not occur. They work to improve the quality of life of the patient.
Denver’s Cannabis Ordinance Will Jeopardize Hard Earned Public Health And Safety
Public health and safety are the priority of both the government and citizens both. According to Colorado Sun, the allowance of cannabis smoking and vaping indoors will increase health hazards.
Cannabis is an illegal drug on the federal level, but some states have legalized it for recreational and medical use. Moreover, efforts are being made by lawmakers to legalize marijuana on the state and federal levels. some states have legalized marijuana for recreational and medical use.
The government has an emphasis on public safety and health for years. However, in Denver, an ordinance was put forward recommending legalizing the use of cannabis for smoking and vaping within public places.
According to the drafted ordinance, marijuana smoking and vaping shall be allowed throughout Mile High City, inside every restaurant and establishment.
Opinions vary towards passing the Bill to Enact Marijuana Hospitality Program for Denver. Moreover, most Coloradoans do not agree with the Bill as they consider there is no need for people to vape or smoke causing harm to others.
Denver Efforts For Public Safety And Health
Authorities in Denver have been working hard to create a work environment free from smoking e-cigarettes and cigarettes containing tobacco and cannabis. Moreover, the public appreciates these measures. Furthermore, protective measures against the use of second-hand smoking and vaping within establishments protect public safety and health.
Authorities, to increase public health, closed the last smoking room at Denver International airport. As a result, it becomes 100% smoke-free and enables enhanced protection for public health and safety.
Over the years, Colorado was able to become a state free from smoking cannabis and tobacco. Moreover, after much effort over a decade, all restaurants, bars, retail stores, and most public places become free from every type of smoking.
In 2006 Colorado adopted the State’s Clean Indoor Air Act, which sets rules and regulations for indoor activities. However, some gaps allowed smoking in small indoor places, long-term care facilities, and small hotels.
Two years back, Colorado lawmakers made amendments to the Clean Indoor Air Act. According to new amendments, the smoking of tobacco and cannabis within any establishment was not permitted. Moreover, the amendments ensure that no one does e-cigarettes smoking or uses smoking and vaping devices.
Effects Of Second Hand Cannabis Smoke
Legalizing or allowing individuals to smoke or vape freely indoors increases exposure to second-hand smoke or vapor. Moreover, it puts the health of the public at risk. Smoking is dangerous to the health of both the smoker and those who are present in the surroundings sharing the same environment. Furthermore, allowing smoking indoors pollutes the air inside and creates serious health hazards.
According to research, second-hand smoke of cannabis and tobacco is both lethal and hazardous. Due to marijuana smoke, the individual inhales PM2.5 fine-particulate matter. The PM 2.5 present in marijuana smoke is hazardous. Moreover, PM2.5 comes from wildfires and air pollution. Exposure to PM2.5, directly and indirectly, affects the lungs and cardiovascular system badly.
Furthermore, secondary exposure to cannabis smoke increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Marijuana smoke also contains 33 carcinogens and thousands of chemicals. Carcinogens can increase the risk of developing cancer to a greater extent.
In a few words, there is no safe second-hand smoking. Thus, allowing indoor smoking and vaping will affect other individuals within the premises. Moreover, regular workers or visitors who are non-smokers and non-vapors their health will suffer.
Thus many in Colorado have the opinion that it is not wise to allow indoor smoking and vaping in restaurants, shops, retail stores, and other establishments. Furthermore, individuals think that Denver City Council must take a stand for public safety and health. Moreover, the Denver City Council must opt into the Bill to Enact Marijuana Hospitality Program for Denver.
Marijuana Uses Not Sufficient Reason For Disqualification from White House Jobs
Marijuana legalization and decriminalization bills are under discussion. Other resolutions regarding cannabis to improve the working of the cannabis system also happened, reported nbc news.
It was highlighted that the individuals cannot face disqualification solely because the individual used marijuana. Such measures are unfit and unacceptable. The office of Joe Biden allows individuals to apply for an administrative-job without any limitations on recreational-cannabis use. In addition, the White House has updated its hiring policies and guidelines. According to the new rules for hiring, recreational marijuana use will not prohibit anyone from applying and obtaining a position in the office
Cannabis is still illegal at the federal level and drug use was a barrier to getting a job in administration in the White House. The Office of Personnel Management Recommendations changes hiring policies. The use of marijuana, even though it is illegal, but its use cannot be the only reason for rejecting an employee or disqualifying one.
New Guidelines For Hiring And Recreational Use Of Marijuana
The White House allows the selection of candidates on a case-by-case basis. Moreover, marijuana infrequent users will be under consideration for top-secret security clearance selection. Furthermore, the Personnel Security Division and security officials will help in the selection of candidates.
Kathleen McGettigan is the current director for the Office of Personnel Management. McGettigan released a memorandum about hiring recreational users of marijuana. Shortly after the memorandum, the release of new guidelines occurred.
According to it, 49% of Americans use marijuana off and on. Moreover, the SAMHSA’s 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health runs a survey according to which nearly half of the participants have used cannabis.
Some individuals are disqualified for a job merely based on using marijuana. Moreover, individuals with the best qualification characteristics for a job do not get a job because they use cannabis from time to time. As a result, suitable candidates for jobs are unemployed despite their experience, education, and other skills.
What is the Vetting Process and How it Helps in Selection?
The appointed individuals for a staff position in the White House undergo a process called the vetting process. During vetting, process officials determine whether individuals qualify for a security clearance or not.
Moreover, applicants that apply for the staff position must be honest about marijuana and other drug use. The extent of drug use determines for which job the individual is suitable.
According to the new policy, individuals will not get disqualification for using cannabis from their office immediately. Moreover, such individuals will receive a waiver. Individuals with a waiver must agree that they will never use marijuana again during their government job and they will not hesitate to perform random drug testing. Such individuals will work remotely for some duration. However, the White House did not specify the extent of the duration.
What to Monitor?
Monitoring and selection of employees is the responsibility of McGettigan. The applicants are to be considered on a case-by-case basis. There are certain things about applicants that the officials must know.
Gathering information about drug use and other characteristics of applicants makes the selection process easy. Moreover, applicants must be honest about their character, conduct, and personalities. The officials selecting employees must know the nature of the job for which the applicant applies. And also, the job in which the person is employed. Furthermore, individuals must acquire the nature, seriousness, and circumstances of conduct.
It is essential to determine whether the applicant has gone to rehabilitation centers at any age. Knowing about applicants and understanding them enables selecting the best candidate for the job. Moreover, individuals with talent, experience, and suitable qualifications will not lose their job only because of infrequent marijuana use.
Biden’s efforts towards bringing the most suitable administrative workers through amending hiring guidelines will enable them to gather individuals with the highest standards for providing services to individuals.
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