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CBD: How Does It Impact Athletic Performance?




Many high-level athletes, or the ones working to reach such levels, are in the constant search of something that would enhance their performance. However, it can prove to be challenging and eternal. Supplements have to abide by many laws to ensure safety while being preferably natural. CBD, or cannabidiol, however, is raising intriguing questions among athletes due to its claimed benefits. These benefits may vary from an accelerated recovery from severe injuries, better sleep, or lessened muscle pain.

Many companies consider the other cannabinoid of cannabis, THC, as an illegal substance. THC is also the cannabinoid which is responsible for a high, with a legal content of up to 0.3% only as per federal law. The World Anti-Doping Agency allows the utilization of pure CBD isolate.

Although non-intoxicating, CBD has anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety properties along with being neuroprotective and analgesic. This could provide a legal and safe supplement that could change a lot of things. Fourfivecbd and cbdMD are CBD products that have targeted both elite and recreational athletes. Moreover, they are accepted by athletes with considerable diversity. However, the question is if the hype is authentic and has substantial evidence to support it. Athletes hope for it to not be another PR spin.

CBD research

Recent research published this year has proven CBD to support athletes in multiple factors.

Inflammation and chronic pain

A review published in 2020, in Sports Medicine studied clinical CBD trials (specifically in non-athletes) and preclinical animal research. The researchers concluded that CBD can possibly be responsible for the promotion of physiological, psychological, and biochemical effects. These effects can in turn significantly benefit athletes.

One of the major findings, however, was the alleviation of inflammatory pain, by CBD. This pain is linked to neuropathic pain, and tissue damage, which is induced due to nerve damage. This could further point towards an essential advantage provided to endurance athletes. Long-distance and repetitive workouts may trigger inflammation in the peripheral nerves.

Bone health

These authors have also given substantial evidence, stating that CBD could assist ideal bone deposition and may aid in healing fractures. Healthy bones are a requirement for athletes due to the nature of their workouts and exercises. However, bone health is many times compromised, owing to traumatic and severe injuries, or inadequacy in energy availability.

Sports performance anxiety

CBD could also aid in the management of anxiety caused by sports performance, according to this review. Anxiety can be triggered right before a competition and can induce a lack of sleep. It can further increase the expenditure of energy and also impair the nutritional diet. The authors, however, say that many non-athlete targetted studies have shown that CBD can be beneficial in relieving anxiety in such situations. The effects of CBD can be further enhanced when psychological interventions are made, much like cognitive-behavioral therapies.

Gastrointestinal damage

The review above also concluded that CBD may offer protection against gastrointestinal damage. Many athletes indulge in strenuous activities regularly. However, this may cause a reduction in nutrient and oxygen delivery to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Moreover, GI stress could cause a significant negative influence on exercise performance and any recovery from the diminished nutritional diet, and nausea. substantial preclinical research has concluded that CBD can lessen tissue damage and may help in the restoration of the permeability of the intestine.

Sleep and wake cycles

The Pharmacological Research published in 2020 also discussed the ability of CBD to alter sleep. Research conducted on animal models concluded that CBD can help in both, wake-promotion and sleep-induction. CBD has the ability to produce contradicting effects (commonly known as biphasic effects). These effects are dependant upon the dosage and seem to have worked successfully when the disturbance has been caused in the natural sleep-wake rhythm.

Lower doses have been shown to work towards promoting wakefulness. Higher doses have been shown to sedate the individual instead. Both of these abilities are incredibly beneficial though. Good sleep is necessary for the athlete right before a big game. However, staying awake and energetic is essential to enhance the performance of athletes who are regularly competing in endurance events or ultra-marathons.

However, are there any disadvantages attached? While good sleep and enhanced recovery are necessary, it should not come at the cost of coordination or balance. The study, however, explained that their research on the effects of CBD on psychomotor and cognitive function showed that CBD is not likely to negatively influence either of them in healthy athletes.

Protection against brain injury

The above study also focused on the authenticity and applicability of the current CBD research in this aspect. The researchers came to similar conclusions with somewhat differing focuses. The neuroprotective properties of CBD were held individually due to their ability to counteract harm which can result in a sports-related concussion. Moreover, these concussions are thought of as a type of mild but traumatic brain injury and can result in dangerous long-term complications, like neuronal damage.

However, the authors focused on recent research conducted on an animal model. The research showed that CBD oil can be potentially helpful in the treatment of brain injury. Furthermore, CBD oil has also aided in counteracting neuronal damage that can be caused in the prefrontal cortex of the brain. Additionally, the cannabinoid inhibits neuroinflammation and oxidative stress.

These results are extremely promising considering the unavailability of effective pharmacological therapies for the management of these brain injuries. It is not uncommon in contact sports, to suffer from repetitive traumatic brain injury. However, it can further result in chronic neurodegenerative diseases like CTE (chronic traumatic encephalopathy).


Like it is with most of the cannabis research, for a more conclusive outcome, there needs to be more research done on human populations. While the authors of both studies focus on the preliminary nature of their results, they are still promising. Clinical research in athletes, however, will give clearer insights into the abilities and utility of CBD.

Thankfully, a lot of these initiatives have already been taken in research. Aurora Cannabis and UFC, in 2019, attempted to start clinical research on CBD, recovery, and athlete wellness. However, more research is expected as we wait for more substantial evidence and preferably practical outcomes after the promising results.

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Cannabis Oil Effectively Reduces Chronic Pain



The use of cannabis oil and other medical items containing marijuana legal since 2018 in the UK. However, the evidence of marijuana being efficacious has come under light recently. Researchers are discovering the effectiveness of marijuana oil in chronic pain patients.

Multiple studies occurred to determine the effectiveness of cannabis oil. Patients receiving marijuana as part of their treatment feel much better and experience improvement in their health.

Gathering Evidence Of Cannabis Oil Being Effective For Chronic Pain Patients

The United Kingdom Medical Cannabis Registry enrolls one hundred and ten patients. The purpose of enrolling these patients was to observe the effectiveness of cannabis oil. Moreover, through these patients, the impact of marijuana on overall improving quality of life was determined.

ALSO READ: New York Cannabis Board Relaxes Medical Cannabis Rules

The registry reports that enrolled patients feel much better after one, three, and six months of cannabis oil intake. They experience that their pain reduces after using medical pot. They experience comfort, and their sleep quality has improved hugely. According to the registry, there are significant improvements in patients’ health-associated quality of life.

The National Health Service of the United Kingdom has a strict cannabis oil prescription policy. It is hard for patients to get a marijuana prescription because of the strict rules of the NHS. Patients who don’t respond well to conventional therapy have access to medical marijuana. The conditions under which patients can access medical marijuana include pain sufferers, individuals with anxiety issues, and multiple sclerosis.

About sixty-five percent of the patients part of the study had never used cannabis oil or medical marijuana. The participants are primarily diagnosed with chronic non-cancer pain, neuropathic pain, and fibromyalgia.

16% of the participants suffered from fibromyalgia and 48% percent from chronic non-cancer pain. Twenty-four percent of the participants are suffering from neuropathic pain.

Experts Focus On Research

For the betterment of society and its safety, it is vital to gather research-based evidence. Doctors and scientists consider it essential to discover the realities of using cannabis before prescribing it.

Dr. Simon Erridge is the head of research at Sapphire Medical Clinics. In a statement, he said that the number of medical marijuana prescriptions is increasing quickly in the UK. In this situation, it is essential to determine the outcomes of patients. Collecting real-world practical evidence regarding cannabis oil consumption is vital.

According to Dr. Simon, this research that they conducted is one of a kind in Europe. His team will continuously review inpatients, outpatients, and marijuana products via the Medical Cannabis Registry UK. So far, the selection of observational data has occurred. In the future, more critical research, including randomized controlled investigations, will occur.

Sapphire Medical Clinics developed the registry. They survey patients suffering from various diseases receiving separate prescriptions depending upon their condition. Surveying these individuals enables us to reduce the knowledge gap.

Filling the blank space regarding medical marijuana and cannabis oil in scientific knowledge helps a lot. The study’s findings were published in the well-known scientific journal, the Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

The research does prove that medical marijuana is effective in improving multiple conditions of people. But researchers require more research to form guidelines, funders, and licensing agencies.

Adven is a subsidiary of Curaleaf International. It is one of the largest independent marijuana companies in Europe. Adven cannabis oil was used in studies such that the average CBD dose was 20mg per day. The average THC dose that participants get is 1mg per day. Administration of cannabis oil occurs in a ratio CBD/THC of 20 to 1.

More participants enrolled in the survey process. Sapphire Medical Clinic plans to continue its survey-based research.

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Oklahoma On Its Way To Legalize Marijuana And Alter Medical Cannabis Reforms 



Oklahoma cannabis legal

Activists in Oklahoma are filling marijuana legalization. For the 2022 ballot, they are willing to introduce medical cannabis reform. On Thursday, the activists of the state legalized adult-use weed products. Moreover, they remodel the existing medical pot program of the state.

The activists formally introduced the measures to the secretary of state’s office. After the signature-gathering, the constitutional amendments will occur.

ALSO READ: Cannabis Oil Effectively Reduces Chronic Pain

Last month, Oklahomans for Responsible Cannabis Action (ORCA) announced late that it was close to finalizing the language of the initiatives. The final set of amendments occurs after soliciting feedback from a wide range of advocates and stakeholders.

Medical Cannabis Reforms 

Medical cannabis reforms in the state have many flaws and loopholes that lead to problems. Jed Green is the director of ORCA. According to Jed, the initiatives the activists are introducing are to fix the issues that have emerged in the state’s medical marijuana program.

The amendments and new policies will also generate opportunities for the weed industry with adult-use legalization. According to Jed, these initiatives will enable the people of Oklahomans to keep operating the marijuana business successfully.

New Marijuana Policies

Under the new policy, individuals 21 or above will have permission to keep eight ounces of marijuana. They can purchase such an amount from any legal retailer or dispenser. The new policy also allows one person to own 12 plants of cannabis for personal use.

The new reforms suggest imposing a fifteen percent excise tax on the sale of weed products. There are multiple numbers of programs that will receive revenue generated from those taxes.

After deducting the implementation cost, the rest of the money is divided into various programs. These programs include water-related infrastructure, substance misuse treatment programs, people with abnormalities or disabilities, and many more.

Some of the revenue money will be for law enforcement training and cannabis research projects. The initiatives have measures for those that have faced resentencing for marijuana convictions.

What is new in Oklahoma Medical Cannabis Reforms?

In 2018 voters in Oklahoma approved medical cannabis programs are open for any patient. Unlike other states, Oklahomans patients do not need to fulfill specific qualifying conditions. In addition, physicians and doctors can prescribe medical weed products to anyone they think is fit to use.

Activists suggest establishing a new OSCC Oklahoma Cannabis Commission. The aim of establishing the OSCC is to build a commission that will oversee everything regarding the state medical marijuana program.

The new policy also suggests imposing a seven percent excise tax. The authorities will utilize revenue money from the sale of these items in supporting weed research. It will be for rural impact and urban waste remediation.

Part of the revenue will also be for agriculture development and treatment programs designed for substance use disorder patients. Gross income from the sale of medical cannabis will support mental health response programs.

The tax on medical hemp products will decrease to zero gradually within one year of the enactment of initiatives. Once the proposed constitution is under-enactment, medical marijuana dispensaries will have permission to sell recreational pot items. However, it will begin within 60 days of ordinance enactment.

The activists have previously attempted to qualify some cannabis legalization measures for the 2020 ballot. But, due to less support, those measures were never put to action. To get signatures of the majority to approve ballot 2022 is essential to introduce the new medical cannabis reforms and legalize marijuana for adult use.

Without sufficient support from registered voters, new policies can never become a reality.

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New York Cannabis Board Relaxes Medical Cannabis Rules



Cannabis Companies Making Moves Before New York Begins Recreational Cannabis Sales

New York State approves recreational and medical cannabis by passing the bill of decriminalizing and legalizing marijuana. Initially, the process got delayed, but now things are moving a step forward in implementing the bill. Governor Andrew Cuomo and legislators approve of the marijuana control board.


The cannabis control board, after its formation, conducted its first meeting on Tuesday. Five members of the board are taking a step closer to the commencement of legalized marijuana retail sales. 


What Changes Does The State Cannabis Board Make?


The members agree to make an official announcement of immediately relaxing rules governing the state’s medical-marijuana program. The control board expands the number of people who can prescribe medical cannabis. Now anyone from dentists to midwives can prescribe marijuana as medication. 

ALSO READ: Not All Cannabis Firms Favors Federal Cannabis Legalization

The control board permits the sale of weed flowers. It will make the drug available to people in a smokeable format. Moreover, it will lower the high prices of medical weed items in New York. 


Tremaine Wright is the chair of the NewYork State’s Cannabis Control Board. The mandate of the board is to make medical marijuana accessible for patients and improve patient care. Tremaine elaborates that the board takes their mandate very seriously and will immediately work on fulfilling it. 


Changes In The Medical Cannabis Program


In the first quarter of 2021, legislators made some changes to the medical marijuana program. Previously, the program authorized 150000 New Yorkers to only get access to medical cannabis for various health reasons. It is uncertain how many of the certified people are still using pot. It is unknown how many have died of terminal diseases. 


Of the certified people, some people have abandoned the use of marijuana due to cost issues. Some stopped their program because of the inaccessibility of weed in New York.


Lawmakers urge the control board not to delay medical cannabis program changes. Crystal Peoples-Stokes is the Assembly Majority Leader. Stokes, the Assembly marijuana law sponsor, and a Buffalo Democrat were among those who requested quick changes. Legislators are requested to make the necessary changes to the program before beginning the process of allowing recreational marijuana sales. 


Decisions regarding recreational pot, policymaking, and implementation of its rules can occur within 18 months. The state has time of 18 months before recreational marijuana sales begin in New York State. But before that, rules regarding pot as medication must undergo some alterations immediately.  


What More Is On Marijuana?


The Office of Cannabis Management has decriminalized for people 21 and older the ownership of about 3 ounces of marijuana. However, the sale of weed is still illegal in the state. The control board or agency also controls the hemp industry along with the recreational and medical cannabis industry. 


About 3400 healthcare professionals have permission to prescribe medical marijuana to patients that are certified or eligible. These professionals include physicians, nurse practitioners, dentists, midwives, and some assistants of physicians.

ALSO READ: Justin Bieber Gets Cannabis From California, And Launch Pre-rolled Joints – “Peaches”

The change that led to the expansion of health care professionals who can prescribe medical marijuana passed on Tuesday. It increases the number of prescribers that are recommending the drug. Now anyone with a license to dispense controlled substances can prescribe medical cannabis. 


The board increases the supply of marijuana for dispensing. It decreases the $50 registration fee of the patient and caregiver. It makes it easy for facilities such as hospitals to hand out medical cannabis to patients.


According to officials, allowing the sale of raw flowers instead of refined final formulations of marijuana will decrease production costs. As a result, it will reduce the cost of medical cannabis for patients. However, the entire marijuana plant sale will not begin on the 38 medical pot dispensaries right away. They will have to practice some quality control measures to start selling the drug. 

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