Montanans have nicknamed their state the “Treasure State” because of its rich production of precious metals like copper, gold, and silver. Starting from January 2021 however, the state will also be associated with a revolutionary legislature known as Initiative 190.
Initiative 190 also known as I-190, is a legislative reform that was drafted with the intent to legalize the recreational usage of marijuana in Montana. Lawmakers in the state put the proposal on the November 2020 ballots for taking the voter’s verdict on this issue.
To the relief of legalization advocates, the state saw significant support from the public leading to the success of Initiative 190 after securing 56.90% of favorable votes. In contrast to this, the percentage of voters opposing it stood at 43.10% – representing the ‘former’ conservative mindset of the state’s legislatures.
Before we move on to the details of legislative reforms that will be put into effect through Initiative 190, let’s take a look at the history of the state’s drug laws.
Overview of Marijuana Laws in Montana
Marijuana was first made illegal in Montana in 1929 following the federal ban of the drug in the US. The Health Committee meeting where this decision was taken is infamous for Dr. Fred Flusher’s racist and ridiculing remarks towards Mexican immigrants.
A local newspaper quoted him saying, “When some beet field peon takes a few rares of this stuff… he thinks he has just been elected president of Mexico so he starts to execute all his political enemies.”
The meeting was described as ‘great fun’ by representatives who took the decision-making process. After this, xenophobic laws were drilled into the state’s legislature.
1987 Dangerous Drug Tax Act and the Kurths
In 1985, the Kurth family of Montana resorted to the cultivation and sale of cannabis in an attempt to pay off their debts. Their cattle business was failing so the money from their cannabis ‘side-business’ was really helpful to make ends meet.
However, it was not long after this that drug traffickers got word of their success and the family was soon threatened with extortion and physical abuse. Later, their business was reported, ultimately leading to their arrests, penalties, and property foreclosures.
Under Montana’s Dangerous Drug Act of 1987, a tax of $865000 was supposed to be levied on the plants seized from the Kurth’s farm. The case was significant because it raised questions over whether this tax amount was justified as the family had already been slammed with drug charges and paid related penalities.
Montana Medical Marijuana Act – Medicinal Legalization begins in 2004
Montana adopted its first medical marijuana law in 2004 and called it I 148. The measure was approved after 62% of Montana residents voted in favor of it.
Since then, the growth of marijuana patients had been modest up until 2009. This also corresponded to the subtle relaxations in the federal law towards marijuana.
House Bill 161 – 2011
Between the years 2009 to 2011, the number of medical marijuana cardholders in Montana saw a significant increase. While they stood at 2000 in March of 2009, their volume increased to 31000 by May of 2011.
In response to this, House Bill 161 was introduced to repeal the reforms put into effect by I-148. However, due to the veto of Governor Brian Schweitzer against the bill, state representatives had to make do by putting strong restrictions on the medical program. Initiative I-148 was not repealed.
In November of 2016, Initiative 182 was passed through the approval of 58% of voters. It had proposed relaxations in the possession limits of marijuana and added PTSD to the list of eligible conditions for marijuana treatment.
Marijuana Enforcement Tracking Regulation and Compliance System was put into effect in May of 2017. It signed the mandatory testing and seed to sale tracking of marijuana into law. Also, a tax limit of 4% was imposed on medical marijuana, which was later revised to 2% in 2018.
Recreational Use Gets Legalized in 2020
As mentioned earlier, Initiative 190 marked the legalization of adult-use marijuana in Montana. Here is an overview of the reforms that this initiative will introduce in the state:
Adults 21 or older will be allowed to possess up to an ounce of marijuana. Possession of 8 grams of its concentrate is also permissible. Registered cardholders can possess up to four mature plants, four seedlings and a legally permitted quantity of marijuana if they have not named a service provider. If a provider is named by the cardholder, possession of one ounce of medical marijuna is allowed.
It is compulsory uponcardholders to inform related authorities about the number of plants or seedlings about their possession.
Public consumption of medical or recreational marijuana is prohibited under all circumstances. They can only be consumed on private property, away from public view.
Driving, flying an aircraft to boating under influence can lead to severe penalities and repercussions.
Cannabis Industry- A Way to Business or Social Justice in Society
For many, the booming cannabis industry is a blessing. Within the passage of two decades, cannabis has become a taboo substance to a highly profitable thing available in the dispensaries. According to research in 2019 the cannabis industry has alone provided 33000 jobs. Also, these jobs come with an average income that is 10.7 percent more than the national average income. As cannabis is becoming more common and mainstream many people don’t see any harm coming their way. All they see is an opportunity. Legalizing cannabis can be a significant way to improve society.
Cannabis Positive Side
Native cultures use cannabis for healing, spiritual and medical reasons. One of the largest cannabis markets in the world is America. Under federal law using, possessing, and sale of marijuana is still illegal. According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, the laws are still shifting. The ballot states that soon cannabis will be legal for adult recreational use in many states. In addition to this, it is also estimated that medical use of marijuana will also be allowed in many states. Many people still don’t believe that marijuana is becoming a big business deal.
Decades of drug arrests, violence, sentencing, and imprisonment have tangled the relationship between black and brown communities. According to Stormy Simon, the executive director of the board for Mission Green states that there are many large companies making millions and many people remain in prison because of the classification of the marijuana plant as a Schedule 1 Drug in the same state where adults use is legal. It looks that the cannabis dispensaries are also increasing in number in society along with the pandemic yet the drug remains illegal in others.
A Quick View on the War of Drugs
Social equity becomes a key question. Advocates who look forward to legalizing marijuana have argued for social justice. After decades of the long drug war, they targeted minority, poor communities and societies only. Social justice has been a turning point that has also become the selling point of these drugs in Ney York and New Jersey among many other states that still wait to decide whether to join the states that allow the recreational use of weed or not. It is impossible to talk about marijuana and social equity without really knowing the war of drugs and its after-effects.
President Nixon is famously known for his racist views. He declared drug abuse as public enemy number 1 officially culminating the war on drugs. Many people argued that this move is targeting anti-war activists and wage a systematic war against Black Americans, fighting for civil wars.
Many people see a very positive side of the marijuana industry. According to Brittany K Barnett, a lawyer and co-founder state that bold and brave actions are required by the cannabis companies and legislation. She urges that marijuana justice means everyone can achieve economic equity and general social equity. The U.S House of Representatives has passed the Marijuana Opportunity Reinvestment and Expungement Act that the bill has removed marijuana from the controlled substances list.
White believes that cannabis and its related industry can provide many advantages. Not only entrepreneurial opportunities for people of color. One day he expects as a culture and society people to learn the power of this plant. We are not going to over-consume it. Indeed we all are going to use it respectfully.
How to Make Ice Cream Infused with Cannabis
Some of the common ways to consume marijuana are smoking, vaping, and dabbing. Yet when it comes to edibles then it is another great idea. Some of the treats that you can enjoy at your home are cookies, lollipops, and cannabis-infused ice cream. You just need to follow the simple instructions and enjoy mouthwatering treats.
Initial Three Steps
There are three initial steps that you need to follow to make ice cream. You need to complete these processes before making ice cream because they may take several hours or even more time. The three steps are strain, decarboxylation, and arranging the equipment.
The first step is to select any marijuana strain depending on the effect that you wish for. Just focus on the 15 best strains that may be used for the edibles producing different effects and the ones that you like. The weed ice cream is defined by the potency and dosage depending on the CBD and THC ratio.
Decarboxylation is the activation of the compound CBD in weed. The process is a bit complicated. This process is time-consuming that may take several hours. You should start this process beforehand. To get the desired effects you should follow all the steps correctly.
ALSO READ: Easy To Do Recipe For Cannabis Tinctures
Equipment to Use
You require a stove, spoons, saucepans, bowls, and mixer or a hand blender. In addition to this, it will be a perfect idea if you have an ice cream maker. In case you don’t have it just make sure to have a container that fits in your freezer properly.
Cannabis Basic Ice Cream Recipe
The taste of the ice cream differs. Majority of people like the taste of cannabis-infused ice cream. It is an easy recipe followed by 4 ingredients. You will need 4 eggs, ½ cup caster sugar, and 1tsp Vanilla extract. To make simple cannabis cream use 2 cups of heavy cream and 5-10g of marijuana, decarboxylated.
An important thing to consider is the dosage of the weed material that varies according to the strain and individuality. The additional equipment to make this ice cream are cloth or fine mesh, saucepan, and hand mixer. Firstly take a medium saucepan. Secondly, take cannabis and heavy cream and combine them. Then cook below a simmer for 1 hour, strain it through fine mesh or cheesecloth. Lastly, add the non-infused ice cream and mix it with a blender or mixer for half a minute. Just chill it and then it’s ready to use for the ice cream.
ALSO READ: Catering Company Mixes CANNABIS with FOOD
Methodology to Follow
The first step is to take 2 large bowls, separate the yolks and the egg whites and place them in the other bowls. After this, you require to beat the egg whites stiff with a mixer. You can test the consistency by seeing if the peaks form. Once you are done with this then you may add the caster sugar gradually; 1 tsp at a time until 1/4th cup of castor sugar is consumed. Mix the yolks with the rest of the castor sugar and you will find a thick mixture. Add vanilla extract to the mixture and combine both the egg mixtures while folding them smoothly. Now is the correct time to incorporate cannabis cream into the egg mixture. Make sure they are combined perfectly without any lumps. Lastly, you can take any container and pour all the mixture. Allow it to freeze for 3-4 hours.
How to create cannabis ice cream for vegans?
An alternative to heavy cream can be used to make it suitable for vegans. You can use 1 can of coconut cream instead of heavy cream. Also in place of milk, it is suggested that you use 1 can of coconut milk.
Can You Calculate the Potency of Weed in Ice Cream?
Several factors come into play to determine the potency of any edible. For instance, strain, dosage, health conditions, and susceptibility of an individual. Therefore it is advisable to start with a small dosage as it is very hard to calculate the potency of the homemade food items.
Cannabis Packaging- Need to Recycle
Have you ever purchased a few buds of cannabis? You must have noticed the excessive packaging that comes along with it. Based on the laws and regulations it is that way but something can be done in this manner to make our campaign go green running. These packings are thrown away, adding more waste to the landfills.
Save The Earth
We need to save earth from the landfills. The containers that we use currently are decent in size and shape. However, these containers are made up of cheap plastics and cardboard that add up to the wastes. It doesn’t matter whether you are a chain smoker or an occasional one but the amount of waste from purchasing the cannabis keeps on adding up. Imagine a person who smokes cannabis every day. Then this person is likely to go to the dispensary every week or might be on alternate days. The amount of packaging waste will be a lot. Imagine accumulating the packaging waste for a month, two, and then might is a year or two it will be a lot.
Recycling Cannabis Packaging
We can have a system where we can recycle all the cannabis packaging just the way we do in the case of cans and bottles. Might be the government can add a small incentive so that people dispose of the packaging properly. This incentive will help to reduce and lessen the impact of disposal on our environment. The Alberta Bottle Depot Association in Canada states that only cannabis producers will be responsible for innovating, investing in, and funding cannabis package recycling solutions.
Think Twice Before Throwing
Before you even think of throwing the cannabis packaging you should consider recycling the packaging. Just give it some time. You can come up with a variety of ideas. Consider using it for a variety of purposes like using glass jars for growing flowers at home. We can even reuse rather than recycling. Make it a point to ask your dispensary about their reuse or recycling program for cannabis packaging.
Also, some dispensaries will allow you to reuse the exit bags; most of them will not allow customers to reuse the packaging that contains marijuana products earlier. On the other hand, some dispensaries do offer recycling services and incentives for bringing old containers. In case your dispensary doesn’t offer any recycling or reusing of the exit bags then you should contact them on their website or their social media page. The very successful dispensary owners pay a lot of attention to their ratings and reviews.
How to Recycle Cannabis Packaging?
Even if none of the local dispensaries offers recycling options you can always use your creativity. There are several options to reuse the cannabis packaging. Companies like Colorado’s Green for Green are working to transform Cannabis container usage. Not only this, but it also aims to provide recycling bins around the Front Range.
Another very good option is the charitable organizations that accept such containers and sends them to countries that need medical supply containers. You can remove the labels on the glass and plastic containers by removing the glue from hot water. Also for recycling the plastic containers you need to watch the bottom of the container to see the triangle and the number that it contains. You have to act according to the number in the triangle. It looks like coming to the culmination but recently recycling has a different story due to China’s denial to accept any more American waste.
Some More Tips
You can even use the glass jars and excessive packaging to organize your things like screws, small pins, and nails, or any of the loose items lying in your drawers. You can make a pen and pencil holders for your office desk by simply cutting the top of the plastic containers. Try using DIY hacks too.
It’s high time that cannabis is legalized and there is a boom in sales so its manufacturers should just not focus on the green plants but also the planet. It is an ideal condition that everyone pays a little attention to this concern and invest in a proper reusable container that they can refill every time.
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