With more recreational cannabis becoming legal in the States, cannabis consumption is going on the rise, especially among people of reproductive age. As a result, it is essential for understanding the effect of cannabis on fertility in men and women. This way, doctors can adequately advise people who are of childbearing age.
Many people are aware that consuming cannabis through smoking or vaping is injurious to sperms. To find out more, scientists dived deeper to find the truth. Also, they studied the effects of cannabis on women’s fertility.
To make the healthcare team aware of the situation realizing the effect of cannabis on fertility in men and women. Scientists highlighted a few things to identify the association between cannabis and fertility better. The study appears in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.
The psychoactive component of cannabis, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) passes signals to the receptors called endocannabinoid. As a result, many biological effects occur in the body consuming it. THC is one of the most significant ingredients of cannabis. It intervenes with the normal communication process and disturbs it. As a result, the compound can disrupt the body’s ability to reproduce normally. This imbalance disturbs the normal physiological capacity of the reproductive organs.
How does it affect the sperm count in males?
Scientists conducted a study in 2015 and figured out that regular male smokers who consumed cannabis had a decline of total sperm count by 29 percent.
On an interesting note, research on reproduction in people manifested an increase in sperm count in males who consumed cannabis in comparison to the males who didn’t consume it. However, there is a need to do more extensive research to recognize the effects of cannabis on sperm count and health on both short and long term usage.
Can it delay the normal ovulation process in females?
The research identified that there was a delay of a few days in the ovulation cycle in ladies who smoked cannabis.
The increased concentration of the psychoactive compound THC can lower estrogen production rate. Lower estrogen hinders the normal ovulation process in the body.
Up till now, the main effects of cannabis consumption on the male and female reproductive health are decreased sperm production rate and disturbed ovulation. It seems like cannabis might serve a role in creating difficulty for a couple to get pregnant.
Cannabis intervenes in the normal physiology of the endocannabinoid system of humans. This system is highly critical in perfecting all reproductive processes in both men and women. The lining of the uterus is damaged and embryo implantation is delayed and disrupted in females consuming cannabis on a regular basis.
A recent study shows that couples with no fertility problems are not going to face significant issues relating to conception due to chronic cannabis use.
Less research on short and long term effects of cannabis in couples
Experts are expecting to evaluate the consequences of withdrawing cannabis as well as the potential benefits. There is a need to do more research to see its advantages in couples. However, the big issue of the moment lies in quantifying the concentration of the active component, THC.
The data at the current moment is self-reported and is not reliable enough when applied on a large scale. Scientists, however, recommend a healthier lifestyle, diet, and exercise. They also recommend opting better methods for consuming cannabis. Smoking is a relatively more harmful method to consume cannabis in comparison to other choices.
Usage of cannabis during pregnancy is not as risky, but proper guidelines from physicians are only possible if there is adequate research on the topic.
United Kingdom has still a long way to go before legalizing cannabis in the country
Though the United Kingdom is in favor of cannabis legalization, it is still illegal in the country. Let us go through the marijuana sector of the United Kingdom.
Some facts about cannabis consumption in the United Kingdom
The people residing in the United Kingdom strongly favor the legalization of cannabis. But it is limited only to the back door market. There are more than 2.5 million cannabis users in the UK who buy it illegally as reported by the Cannabis Consultancy Prohibition Partners. It makes up almost 4% of the total population of the United Kingdom carrying a worth of more than £5 billion.
It is important to note that 22% of the country’s population smokes tobacco, which makes up the revenue of almost £18 billion annually. Whereas, 60% population of the country drinks alcohol regularly ranging a worth of almost £68 billion.
Legalization of cannabis in the United Kingdom
In 2018, the UK legalized the use of cannabis for medical purposes. The major reason behind its regulation was many high-profile cases of epilepsy in children came to light. Cannabis-related medications became the pain reliever for those patients suffering from such high profile epilepsy cases. Still, the use of cannabis for medical purposes is extremely less.
Only the specialist consultant from General Hospital can prescribe it. The UK also allowed hemp oil and CBD, containing less than 0.2% THC, in the country. But a medical license is mandatory for using them too.
Which country is the largest exporter and producer of legal marijuana across the globe?
Although the stance of the government of the United Kingdom is much strict for cannabis users, it is the largest exporter as well as the largest producer of legal medical marijuana in the world according to the reports of United Nations International Narcotics Control Board. This clearly shows that the UK exports all the legal cannabis products manufactured by the country.
There are only two products of medical marijuana in the UK that have a license. One is Sativex which is produced by GW Pharmaceuticals and the other one is Nabilone owned by Eli Lilly.
The contradictory policy of the United Kingdom
It is evident from all the facts mentioned above that the government of the United Kingdom is still confused about whether to legalize marijuana in the country or not. While it is the largest exporter and producer of cannabis, it is very tough for patients of the country to have access to the products of medical cannabis.
This shows the sanctimonious face of the country and it would probably cause difficulties for the cannabis industry in England including the monopoly of licensed manufacturers, high cost and barriers for the new entrants.
Some top-notch stocks of the United Kingdom
Though there are many difficulties for marijuana companies in the UK, there is a large range of public companies. According to the London Stock Exchange, most companies have other side businesses too other than cannabis. Some top cannabis stocks of the United Kingdom are GW Pharmaceuticals, Futura Medical, Integumen, AfriAg, and Sunrise Resources.
New Jersey still waiting to Regulate Cannabis for Recreational Purposes
The members of the Senate of New Jersey were going to vote on the bill of expungement on September 12. This bill was related to the convicts of marijuana and also involved some recommendations from Governor Philip D. Murphy.
But, as mentioned by one of the articles of NJ Advance Media, Senators including Teresa Ruiz, Sandra Cunningham and Stephen Sweeney, the President of the Senate of New Jersey, launched a new legislation. In light of the article, the new legislation will widen the restrictions on the offenders charged with cannabis-related offenses to entreat expungement.
But the bill could not pass because the Democrats failed to gather enough support in the Senate on 12th September.
History of marijuana legalization in New Jersey
In New Jersey, only medical cannabis is legal yet. Though Governor Philip D. Murphy along with other Democrats tried several times to regulate recreational cannabis, they failed to gather enough support to pass the bill.
Governor Corzine signed the Compassionate Use Medical Cannabis Act of New Jersey in 2010 to regulate marijuana for patients suffering from chronic illness. This year, Governor Philip Murphy passed the Jake Honig Law. This law relieved the restrictions including the amount of medical marijuana any patient could buy and the number of visits to physicians required to purchase it.
For recreational marijuana, Senator Scutari first launched a bill on 17th May to regulate adult-use marijuana. But the Governor of New Jersey at that time, Chris Christie, opposed this legalization. As a consequence, the bill rejected. When Murphy was elected as the Governor of New Jersey, he launched a campaign to regulate marijuana in the state. Governor Philip Murphy had full control of the Democrats in the Senate as well as in the Assembly. But he could not succeed to legalize recreational cannabis. The major reason for failure was the disharmony among the party. Also, African American members of the senate strongly opposed this bill.
The people residing in New Jersey favor the regulation of adult-use cannabis. According to the Cannabis Business Executive, a survey conducted by Monmouth University suggested that 62% of adults of the state were in favor to legalize a small amount of marijuana in possession for recreational purposes. The survey also indicated that 74% of the adults were in favor to remove the charges on offenders charged for cannabis-related offenses. In the United States of America, 33 states have legalized the use of medical cannabis. Whereas, only 11 states including Oregon, Massachusetts, Alaska, and California have allowed recreational marijuana.
Some advantages of the legalization
There are many advantages of legalizing marijuana for recreational purposes. It would not only create new job opportunities but also increase tax revenue. According to the article of NJ Advance Media, the Governor of New Jersey believes that $80 million would be collected by the state as a cannabis tax revenue in the upcoming year. It involves $20 million from cannabis for health purposes and $60 million from cannabis for recreational purposes. This regulation will also allow cannabis companies to enlarge their businesses across the state.
This University is Launching a Cannabis Program!
Medical cannabis has gained highlight, even in the academic ground. The University of Maryland is going to be the first US university to be offering a graduate program in medical cannabis.
The program will be offering the students an in-depth insight into the medical management of cannabis patients. Moreover, there will be an extensive study for continuing research in the field.
This will be giving a new way to transform policies regarding medical cannabis. The program will be for two years for the students of the university.
Status of cannabis in different US states
Thirty-three states in the US have legalized medical cannabis. The number will be increasing in the coming time. There will be more jobs opening up in the industry.
Since quite a while, individuals did not more often than not discuss it. In any case, presently, cannabis has compelled its way into the standard. In the United States energy toward wide based legitimization stayed at just 25% in 1995. Now, an unequaled record number of people by and by the need to see pot approved in an extensive range.
The overall expansion has been likewise as exceptional. A year back, worldwide weed arrangements hit $12.2 billion. There are in like manner over 40 countries worldwide to have waved the green flag on restorative cannabis.
A couple of things will happen before the legitimate weed industry has any shot at $166 billion in yearly arrangements. This consolidates keeping an eye on the enormous contraband market by approving cannabis in the United States and different countries.
Numerous individuals need to devour cannabis only for recreational purposes. To include further, the item can turn out to be so promptly accessible in each home in each room. Odds are it will lose its substance simply as some other conventional painkiller did. The inquiry still stays unanswered on the vulnerability of the dimension of the utilization of the item.
Be that as it may, researchers can examine thoroughly the employment of exceedingly significant dynamic elements of the substance. This way, they will be better ready to coordinate for the making of exact items explicitly intended to manage certain issues.
How will this graduate programs benefit people?
The graduates will be able to pursue a career in the medical cannabis space. Also, another fact about this program is that it will be benefiting professionals in medical and health sciences. Industry related people will be able to dive deeper into certain aspects of medical cannabis.
Many pharmacists will be able to manage better the new products coming in the market from this emerging industry. The courses will be acting as an integral tool for providing students with the knowledge they need to know about the subject.
Most of the course will be constituted of online classes. This way, more professionals who have their work shifts during the day can easily manage the course. The understanding of the course is easy even for people who do not link with medicinal studies.
The students will be able to better support not only the clinical setup but also the industries in respect to cannabis use.
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