A study from 2014 suggested that states that allowed marijuana for medical purposes had a comparatively lower number of deaths resulting from opioid addiction. The recent evidence suggests otherwise. Scientists from Stanford say that they have found no association between cannabis accessibility and alleviation in opioid addiction. Scientists from Stanford University School of Medicine conducted the research.
The recent study is in contradiction with the study conducted in 2014. According to the latter, there was a decrease in the overdose of opioid in the regions who legalized marijuana for recreational purposes in comparison to the states who did not legalize it.
The new findings suggest the opposite
The scientists from Stanford reevaluated the study after the number of the states legalizing cannabis for medical purposes increased. They found no proof of any association of deaths resulting from opioid overdose and accessibility of cannabis for medical purposes.
The new study got published on June 10. It appears online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
California became the first US state to have legalized cannabis in 1996. In 2013, 13 states joined the league. Now, 47 US states allow the use of medical marijuana.
Scientists employed the same method of study as the previous one
In the new research, scientists from Stanford employed the same method from the previous study to recognize the association of medical cannabis and deaths occurring due to opioid overdosage. The researchers reevaluated the statistics from the previous research. However, they found deviated results from the years following 2014 up to 2017. This deviation showed a fault in the previous hypothesis. On the contrary, they found that states with legal, medical cannabis showed higher death rates because of opioid abuse.
After the 2014 research got published, advocating parties for medical cannabis and some officials took the findings to convey the meaning that the access of legal cannabis will serve as replacement therapy for people addicted to opioids. The researchers at Stanford, however, did not find any association of this kind. The restriction levels did not intervene, as well.
There were several aspects to the findings from the previous study in 2014
The change in laws in various states did not guarantee any decline in opioid abuse whatsoever. In addition to that, only 2.5 percent of Americans use cannabis for medical purposes. This amount is logically enough to explain that the legalization was not sufficient to decline mortality rates due to opioid usage. There is a need to rightly evaluate the statistical ratio between the two to adequately study the relation.
Moreover, the political atmosphere concerning the issue was different in 2014 as compared to now, and it could significantly affect the restriction levels of cannabis. The states with legalized medical cannabis were financially more stable and had more liberal viewpoints on political grounds as compared to the states with no legalization. The US states legalizing cannabis earlier also punish lesser amount of people for using it. After their release, they might try to overdose on the drug.
There is a need to find its potential benefits and harms on a deeper level, without which its association with other drugs is not well possible enough to comprehend on a more profound level. There is a need to intricately evaluate the policies of states on the use of cannabis for medical purposes.
Scientists from the Network for Public Health Law and New York University supported the research. National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs financially aided the study. Stanford’s Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences was also involved in the research.
Do ancient people of China consumed marijuana?
People have not started using marijuana these days. They were smoking marijuana almost 2,500 years ago. It is revealed at the result of the excavation of the ancient Chinese tomb.
The evidence of utilization of Cannabis
Archaeologists discovered proof of burned cannabis that contained a high amount of THC. It was found on wooden incense burners. It was also reported that they found 10 burners. And all burners had traces of cannabinol. These burners are called braziers. They were found at an ancient site (Jirzankal Cemetery). It is in western China on Pamir Plateau.
The residues were found in the wooden incense burners. Its chemical composition was tested in the laboratory by using an identification procedure called gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The results revealed that the residue is burned cannabis.
A researcher and professor from the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences told the news reporters that to our fervor we distinguished the biomarkers of cannabis in the absolute first test and it appeared in the internal burned layer. As it was a great deal to identify the cannabis from the residues that were 2,500 years ago.
Moreover, there is also proof of the cultivation of cannabis in eastern China going back to at least 3500 BCE. Cannabis was also cultivated in East Asia from at least 4000 BC.
At that time the essential use of cannabis appears to have been as an oil-seed and fiber crop. But this cannabis had low psychoactive properties. That clearly means that those people were not taking marijuana to get high. They use to utilize plants that had exceptionally low amounts of THC. It means that the people of that era were also aware of the side effects of consuming more THC.
From all this evidence it is proved that cannabis was used in China from a long ago. And people are harvesting it for a long time.
From all these investigations and testings researchers also found something else from the residues of cannabis in wooden burners. That is the amount of THC was usually more than the THC found in wild plants. It clearly means that the people choose the plants that had higher levels of THC and then utilized it.
They used to smoke cannabis as a part of custom or religious activity. Researchers wrote in their examinations that their religious activities were mostly associated with burials. For instance, they focused to communicate with God or the deadly people.
Trading of Cannabis
Researchers have found that the people used to trade cannabis along the early trade routes of Silk road. At that time cannabis was not so commonly used around the world. People were also unaware of its psychoactive effects.
The Silk Road played a vital role in early trading of cannabis, placing central Asia at the heart of the ancient world. The investigations imply that the use of cannabis for custom and religious activities spread along the trade routes of Silk road.
Importance of these researches
These researchers helped us to know about the cultures of ancient people. And we come to know about the importance of cannabis in their lives. It also gave us information about the human acknowledgment of phytochemicals in plants. And we also came to know about the difference between the perspectives of modern and ancient people about cannabis.
What Are the Amendments in Nevada’s Marijuana Laws?
Nevada has gone through many amendments in its marijuana laws since the full legalization of marijuana. The latest amendment is the addition of Assembly Bill 533 in the legislation.
The Governor of state signed the bill a few days ago. According to the bill, the local administrative bodies in Nevada will not be allowed to license cannabis for social usage in business. The bill also directed towards the formation of a CCB – Cannabis Compliance Board.
Additionally, employers belonging to the state will have no right to not to give jobs to people based on a positive cannabis test. The law will come into action the next year, making it the only US state to have a law of such kind.
Employers followed the controlled drug list prior to the amendment
In the past, people had to undergo drug screening tests before employers hired for a certain job. The drugs included all those listed in the controlled substance list by Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
The list also still includes cannabis, which is a hot topic among many sectors, sports being one of them. The situation has changed for Nevada, as the recent amendments have shown flexibility in terms of hiring employees for different jobs. The Compliance Board, however, comes with certain reservations.
The law was not unanimous
The law does not apply to all jobs unanimously. Technical jobs and jobs demanding precision are excluded from the law. For instance, vehicle operating jobs, firefighting, and all other jobs critical for the safety of the general public are not going to have any leniency in terms of hiring new employees for the job.
Moreover, the new law also states that if in any case, the recruiters are aiming for a screening test, then the individual under question holds a legal right to opt for other screening tests for the confutation of the test result. The hiring side will have to accede to the rules.
The law is a good call for employment rates in the state of Nevada
This will ultimately decrease the chance of association between cannabis legalization and unemployment in the state. The bill will not only ensure employment opportunities but also secures public safety regulatory measures. Marijuana for recreational purposes was officially made available two years ago in the state.
Similar happened in New York City, NY when the city council approved a similar bill that also ceased the condition of not hiring new employees if they showed positive test results. However, on full legalization of cannabis in Maine for recreational use, there is no proper law lifting the ban even though the authorities have not allowed the employers to let the consumption hinder in the employment process.
What reservations does the Compliance Board have about cannabis for social use?
The Compliance Board would be off-setting cannabis provision for social usage in mid-year of 2021. The council vote of its capital Los Vegas, however, could be a ray of hope for creating business opportunities in the city with the increment in the revenue for legal retailers.
The first batch permitted for the “social usage” would have been these retailers in the first year of the application. Until the state government permits, the authorities will not be licensing businesses relating to marijuana consumption.
It would create a backlash for the industry in the time when it is just at the point of budding. However, at the moment, the state government will be prioritizing lawful regulation of for businesses for social use.
How is Marijuana Gum Good for Health?
Marijuana gum is getting massive popularity in the CBD infused edibles market. With its zestful flavor and health benefits that are associated with it, it is becoming freely available at various cash counters in stores across the country. However, that is not the end here as marijuana gums, also, do not contain the psychoactive substance, THC.
The special ingredient in cannabis gum is the component with the most health efficacy, cannabidiol (CBD). The chewing gums are not just for pleasure purposes, and they come with a guarantee to have medicinal properties in them. For instance, manufacturers guarantee that they are helpful in inflammation, chronic pain, and seizures associated with epilepsy. It is safe to say that cannabis chewing gums serve more like a pharmaceutical product than an eatable.
The advantages are not limited to chronic pain and inflammation relief
The advantages do not stop there with curing ailments like any other regular consumption method will do. In fact, these are rendered potent enough to alleviate signs of upset digestion. These signs include acidity, bloating in the stomach, stomach aches, diarrhea, and irritable bowel syndrome that affects 11% of US population.
Researches indicate cannabis chewing gums to be effective in regulating defecation process by balancing its duration. It has been proved beneficial in treating other disorders relating to physical health as well as mental health, psychosis being one of them.
What is the composition of cannabis chewing gum?
Although the various benefits of cannabis chewing gums look great, there might be some side effects resulting from the gum, given its intrinsic property as a pharmaceutical substance rather than an ordinary edible.
However, on the bright side, cannabis gums would not get you high. Moreover, the pharmaceutical gum infused with cannabis is free of sugar and is reportedly free of chemical preservatives. The composition ratio goes as:
• Natural cannabidiol – 10 mg
• Hemp seed oil – 50 mg
It is more of a pharmaceutical gum
Manufacturers make sure to remove the psychoactive component of the plant, tetrahydro cannabidiol (THC) from the finished product that could be otherwise a cause of alternate behavior on product use.
Cannabis consumption is going on for a long time ago, but the methods of consumption were limited. With more awareness of its benefits and advancement in technology, more innovative ways of use are coming on the rise. The invention of these products serves more than an eatable – it is the introduction of the new nutraceuticals.
With the product being legalized in 29 states, the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) confirms it to be playing a vital role in the alleviation of common conditions like inflammation and chronic pain.
They get metabolized differently in the body
Cannabis chewing gums, unlike the capsules, do not get metabolized in the liver before reaching all parts of the human body through the bloodstream. Rather they function differently by hitting every part of the body without first creating any metabolites that could cause side effects resulting in undesirable consequences.
The cannabis dosage is usually low in the gums, thus alleviating the chances of adverse effects and making them suitable for handling light and moderate pain. However, there is a need for more research on the effects of cannabis gums on the consumer to fully understand the effects.
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