There is a lot of ambiguity associated with “addiction”, whether of cannabis or anything else. Addiction is commonly described as a chemical dependence that can lead to withdrawal symptoms that one may have never experienced personally. However, some describe it as a psychological manifestation that tends to produce pleasurable responses in the brain, examples being gambling, sex, food, etc.
According to Roger Roffman, Professor Emeritus of Social Work at the University of Washington, a more standardized definition would be that a combination of biological and psychological factors leads to addiction, which also contributes to the conditioned behavioral patterns that can prove to show difficulty to stop or resist. Some typical behavior symptoms of addiction would include the following –
- Inability to stop the use of substances
- Abuse of substances, despite significant health issues
- Irresponsibilities and difficulties regarding finance
- Physical withdrawal symptoms
- Losing interest in hobbies and activities
- Disease or damage caused by the use of a substance
- A significant change in appearance
- Lack of sleep
However, an important point is that a typical cannabis consumer would not usually have these symptoms align with his behavior. Despite the psychological components of cannabis, the dependency that eventually leads to negative life-altering changes is rare.
Author of Chasing the Scream: The First and Last Days of the War on Drugs, Johann Hari’s definition of addiction, focuses on the environment over biology. Hari states that humans bond with the people around them due to their innate need for bonding and connection, which also provides them a sense of relief when they are facing isolation and are traumatized. Hari added that the path of unhealthy bonds in an attempt to be connected shows that addiction is merely a symptom of the crisis of disconnection.
Cannabis addiction is not commonly heard of in scientific and medical communities. Instead, the term “cannabis use disorder (CUD)” is used, which is a condition that is listed in the official manual of psychiatric diagnostics – the DSM-V. Here are the 10 symptoms of cannabis use disorder –
- Large amounts of cannabis are taken for longer periods
- Constant desire followed by unsuccessful attempts of controlling cannabis use
- A great portion of time is dedicated in n activities concerning the use of cannabis – to obtain, use or recover from its effects.
- Increasing urges to use cannabis
- Repetitive use of cannabis leads to failure of other obligations such as work, school or home.
- Persistent social or interpersonal problems due to the continued use of cannabis and exacerbation by the effects of cannabis.
- Reduction or end of important social, occupational or recreational activities due to cannabis use
- Repetitive cannabis use in physically hazardous situations
- Continuation of cannabis use despite, recurrent physical or psychological problems
- Cannabis is taken for relief from withdrawal symptoms
However, genetic and environmental causes, along with mental health conditions, can be huge risk factors for addiction. Initially, cannabis may prove to be beneficial especially for patients with underlying mental health conditions, by soothing anxiety, and especially shutting down ream formation in the brain for PTSD patients dealing with nightmares.
Legalization and addiction –
31 states and the District of Columbia currently have laws regarding the legalization of cannabis. Furthermore, 10 states and the District of Columbia have legalized recreational cannabis.
While the United States’ solution to drug abuse and addiction is criminalization, most Americans are aware that this approach is not helpful, and can only worsen the situation. The prohibition of cannabis creates a social environment with increasing difficulty in recovery. However, it is easier to claim the lack of information regarding risks of cannabis when confronted about legalization if there are legal restrictions over research.
Study Says “Rise In Cannabis Use Cause Controllable Vomiting”
Vomiting is a minor indication of indigestion or a pathological condition, but cannabis users are seen to vomit uncontrollably. A large number of cases occurred recently of an unusual illness in the United States. Such incidents are occurring in other states that are practicing the legalization of marijuana.
Heavy or persistent users of cannabis of various age groups, including teenagers, are emerging in emergency rooms. They complain of experiencing severe intestinal distress.
What The Doctors Have To Say About Condition Of Cannabis Users?
Cannabis consumers that smoke or eat edible forms of the plant from time to time experience minor side effects. However, continual and heavy marijuana consumers are more likely to experience severe side effects.
Dr. Sam Wang is a pediatric emergency medicine specialist. Wang is also a toxicologist at Children’s Hospital Colorado and treats adolescents with the condition.
Doctors from the emergency department elaborate that patients vomit and continue to vomit for several hours. According to Wang, patients mention taking a scalding hot shower, after which they begin to vomit and came to the ER. But their description of what they eat and have been doing with their body was of little help. Soon doctors guess that these cases may be of CHS or cannabis hyperemesis syndrome.
Doctors begin their clinical investigation process to determine the cause of an illness so that they can begin treatment. According to doctors’ observance, there are more similar cases in other states with cannabis legalization in action. Considering the situation the condition may have a connection with marijuana consumption.
Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome
The world of medicine first came to know of CHS or cannabis hyperemesis syndrome in 2004 with the efforts of Australian researchers. In that year, a group of researchers from Australia wrote about the condition of 19 chronic pot users. These excessive pot consumers experience repeated episodes of abdominal pain, GIT discomfort, and retching.
Of the nineteen patients, Australian researchers followed nine and observed their condition. They found that symptoms of patients vanish when they stop taking cannabis but reappear on marijuana consumption.
More than half of the nineteen reported cases at that time mention using hot baths as a self-treatment method. Hot showers or baths became a home treatment, and many more scenarios later appear to have done the same.
According to Wang, many patients that get into the emergency department with similar symptoms feel nausea or vomiting at night. They feel better after taking a hot shower, but they have the same nostalgic feeling the next night.
Why Hot Showers become A Recurring Theme?
According to Dr. Wang, it is not clear why hot showers or baths have become a universal recurring theme. It is a universal practice that patients with cannabis hyperemesis syndrome on feeling nostalgic use hot showers.
It is possible that hot showers interrupt the pain cycle and help in reducing discomfort. The sensation of extreme heat may interrupt the pain cycle.
THC is a psychoactive component that has minor side effects. Its toxicity and overdoes can cause lethal problems. But it has pain-relieving effects too.
THC and other cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant have pain-relieving effects. They have been using these components for their analgesic properties in cancer patients experiencing nausea or vomiting during chemotherapy.
Hot showers and baths do not reduce pain but interrupt their cycle and provide relaxation to the patient for a short duration. Cannabis can relieve and cause pain, but it depends on the consumed dosage. According to Wang, not all heavy marijuana consumers develop CHS, but 15% to 20% of them do. Those who develop CHS tend to self-treat it with hot showering as it is a common practice.
Originally Covered On: CNN
No More Firing Or Barring of Workers Or Applicants Over Cannabis Screening, Says Amazon
Amazon has been in favor of legalizing and decriminalizing cannabis in all states. The company favors federally altering reforms to make new legislation for legalization and decriminalization of marijuana. It also supports altering employer-employee policy with respect to new legalization rules.
Amazon reestablished its employment eligibility criteria for previous workers or job applicants. Previously, the company used to fire employees with positive cannabis screening results. The same used to happen with job applicants, they were considered ineligible to apply for any job.
Moreover, in June 2021, Amazon changed its policy and ended pre-employment cannabis screening for many applicants for various job posts.
Amazon And Cannabis-Employment Policy
Amazon is one of the largest e-commerce platforms with millions of clients and workers. The company is planning to further relax its cannabis screening policies to support federal legalization legislation.
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The previous cannabis employment policy contains that individuals, former workers, and applicants, that use cannabis will be fired or will not be selected for any post. However, things change over the last 18 months. Now people with a history of using marijuana and those with positive screening results can continue their jobs and office work freely irrespective of pot usage.
The pre-employment test and screening processing adversely affected many people, especially people of color. Minority communities are most affected. According to Beth Galetti, people of color suffer from these policies, and the team of employees and employers in Amazon consider such behavior unacceptable. The people of color had to go through inequitable treatment.
Changes In Employment Policy
In June this year, the company announced that it no longer screens its workers for cannabis. However, the company’s new employment policy requires employees and applicants for the Department of Transport to pass through a marijuana screening test. Employees such as heavy equipment operators and truck drivers have to clear marijuana screening before beginning their job and can be asked to perform screening whenever necessary.
Hiring cannabis consumers was a positive change in the employment policy made by Amazon. Hopefully, many other companies will follow the example and bring an alteration to society.
Yet employees will go through regular tests, including tests for alcohol and other drugs. The company can ask employees to undergo a drug test after any incident.
Why Allow Cannabis users To Apply And DO Jobs?
Amazon observed that many states are legalizing and decriminalizing marijuana. After learning the change in perspective of the public and legislators, the company also decided to relax its cannabis standards.
According to Beth Galetti, allowing former cannabis users to apply for a job will lure more applicants in a tight labor market. It will also reduce the suffering of people of color somehow.
Amazon is looking for field experts and enthusiastic employees. According to Galetti, they have discovered that eliminating pre-employment testing for cannabis permits the company to expand its applicant pool.
According to Bloomberg, Amazon encourages its delivery firms to advertise that they do not require cannabis screening. Also, the company is lobbying the federal government to legalize pot. Amazon supports the Marijuana Opportunity Reinvestment and Expungement Act. The objective of this act is to decriminalize cannabis at the federal level. One of the aims is to expunge criminal records. According to the Act, this will bring investments to these communities.
Amazon also recently endorsed a similar bill on Tuesday called the Cannabis Administration and Opportunity Act. The company is urging congress to expunge federal nonviolent marijuana crimes and legalize pot federally.
Originally Covered On: CNBC
Best CBD For Terriers Dogs
Terriers are adorable, caring, and always on alert among other breeds of dogs, and CBD products can be beneficial for them. There are multiple CBD-containing items available in the market that can be helpful supplements and promote the health of your terrier.
Of the many dog breeds, terriers are unique as they are independent, courageous, first to respond to anything, potentially noisy, determined, and possibly destructive. These dogs are excellent or enthusiastic diggers. CBD gummies or oil containing cannabidiol can reduce the anxiety of terriers in an unfamiliar place.
Having a terrier is a life-changing experience for many people. Despite being small, terriers are energetic and fill the air with their warmth and love.
Terriers are usually very active and move around frequently. This characteristic makes them potentially destructive. In a stressful environment, they tend to move around more often, causing an increase in chances of household destruction. However, CBD products for reducing the anxiety of terriers can be effective in calming the dog.
9 Best CBD Oils for Terrier
You can resolve certain disease conditions and health issues by finding a suitable CBD item for your terrier. Of the many items available in the market, the following are the best CBD for terrier dogs.
- Honest Paws Dog Oil
- Innovet Dog Treats
- Nuleaf Naturals
- Joy Organics
- EVN CBD
- Charlotte’s Web
- CBDPet Hemp Oil Extract
Honest Paws CBD Dog Oil – Best For Terrier with Arthritis or Seizures
Honest Paw CBD oil for terrier dogs supports and encourages long-term health in your pet. It is the best choice to improve the health condition of your canine and reduce pain from arthritis. It is also suitable for terriers with seizure issues.
You can add Honest Paw Dog CBD oil to your terrier food and make it part of your daily dietary intake. This product contains naturally occurring cannabidiol obtained from stalks, flowers, and leaves of the hemp plant.
The THC content in Honest Paws Dog Oil is less than 0.3%. Thus, its consumption causes no problem and makes it a safe supplementary item. There are two special oils: calming CBD terrier oil and mobility CBD oil. The Calming special oil contains hemp extracts in combination with chamomile to enhance relaxation and calming effects.
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The mobility CBD oil contains organic full-spectrum hemp oil mix with organic turmeric. This combination of ingredients makes the product a suitable anti-inflammatory item for relieving uneasiness from daily actions.
If you want CBD oil to promote the health of your terrier by administering organic full-spectrum hemp oil, you can choose Honest Paws CBD oil for Dogs- Wellness.
- High CBD content obtained from the hemp plant
- Encourage positive health changes
- Reduce pain
- Improve sleep patterns
- Promote homeostasis
- Easy to administer
- Infusible with dog treats,
- Promote mobility by supporting joints
- Safe and secure shipping
- 30 days money-back guarantee
- Auto-refill at and deliver every one month
- Third-party laboratory tested
- NASC- certified
- Terriers may experience mouth dryness
Innovet Dog Treats – Best CBD Treats
Innovet CBD dog treats are effective in relieving terriers of their pain and enhancing their defensive system. These unique dog hard chews and soft chews both contain cannabidiol and active hemp extract.
These CBD dog treats contain the same quality of cannabidiols as full-spectrum CBD oil does. Most CBD oils do not have flavoring options. Whereas dog chews have multiple flavoring options, are safe to use, and have excellent quality.
All the ingredients of Innovet dog treats are natural and efficient in improving the health of your terrier. The chews are available in perfect-medium to large-sized treats with a crunchy texture and delicious taste.
Each hard chew contains 5mg of hemp extract, and the packet contains 125mg of hemp extract. The Innovet dog treats also contain vitamins, minerals, omega fatty acids, and a combination of some other supplements to promote the health of your terrier.
These treats infused with CBD enhance the immune system of dogs. Improving the defensive system enables your terrier to protect himself from fatal diseases.
The hard dog chews contain organic hemp extract, apple juice, natural coconut oil, eggs, garbanzo bean flour, natural beef flavor, cheddar cheese, mixed tocopherols ( Vitamin E), and flaxseed oil.
- All natural, organic full-spectrum hemp extract,
- Non-GMO ingredients
- Third-party lab certified for effectiveness, and safety
- Increases immune system functioning
- Grain-free and has no preservative
- Comes in steak and cheddar flavoring
- 30 days money-back guarantee
- No sale and purchase options for pet owners at South Carolina
- Consult veteran if your terrier is on any medication as interaction can occur
Nuleaf Naturals Pet CBD
Nuleaf Naturals Pet CBD contains full-spectrum hemp supplements oil and organic hemp seed oil. It comes with a dropper for accurate and easy dosage administration.
It is suitable for terriers of all ages, especially older dogs with declining health. Nuleaf Naturals CBD full-spectrum cannabidiol oil gives positive results in improving the health of diabetic, anxious, and arthritic dogs. Each bottle of the product contains 1800mg of cannabidiol, and each droplet has 3mg of CBD that can be mixed with your terrier’s favorite food.
- Organic full-spectrum hemp oil
- Non-psychoactive ingredients
- Promote balance and optimal health
- Third-party tested
- Quick delivery
- Prompt effect
- Safe to use
- Highest quality
- Aid in calming terriers
- Reduce pain
- Available in three sizes: 300mg, 600mg, 1800mg
- Available in three packages: single bottle, pack of three, pack of six
- No refilling options
- Lack of flavor options
Joy Organics CBD Tinctures
Joy Organics Premium CBD Tinctures for terriers is free of THC and contains organic 3.75mg cannabidiol per quarter dropper. It is made by using USA-grown hemp to obtain broad-spectrum organic phytocannabinoid-rich hemp extract. The extract is mixed with organic olive oil to make the final effective formulation.
The Joy Organics Premium CBD Tinctures are for every terrier of different ages. The tincture has a natural-flawless flavor that dogs love. You can directly pour some drops into the mouth of your pet. Most pets like the tincture when mixed with their meal.
The high-quality phytocannabinoids formulation is laboratory tested for safety. Its safety and efficacy profile suggests that it is safe to use and beneficial as it has no THC side effects. This formulation improves the quality of life of your terrier dog.
- USA grown organic hemp
- THC free
- High quality and standard product
- Third lab tested
- Cruelty free7
- Carbon neutral shipping
- Available on subscription sale
- USDA certified organic
- 18-month shelf-stable
- No money-back guarantee
EVN CBD Dog Chews
EVN CBD makes many products containing cannabinoids and hemp extracts. Their cannabidiol-infused products are one of the best to form a balance between mind and body, to reduce stress and anxiety. The EVN CBD dog chews are made with help of USA-grown hemp of the finest quality. There are 20 treats per pouch, and one treat contains 4mg cannabidiol in it. The treats contain 0.0 percent THC and are safe for consumption with zero risks.
EVN CBD treats for terriers improve overall health, enhances immune function, reduces stress, and calms anxious pets. It is suitable to give half a treat to a terrier under 20 pounds and eventually increase the dose to one chew. For a terrier with a weight of over 20 pounds, 1 or 2 treats per day are sufficient. If necessary, you can administer more after consulting a veterinarian.
- Reduce pain
- Improves overall health
- Reduce stress
- Lab tested and certified
- Zero THC
- Available at subscribing price
- 30 days satisfaction guarantee
- Terrier dogs may experience drowsiness
Charlotte’s Web CBD
Charlotte’s Web is one of the best full spectrums CBD oil for baby terriers as the product helps strengthening health conditions and resolve problems relating to joints. For best results, one serving two times a day is effective.
Terriers feel much calmer after eating Charlotte’s Web CBD oil. One bottle of 100ml size contains 17mg CBD per 1ml, and it is available at the subscription price. There are two sizes: 100ml, and 30ml bottles. The product is available in non-flavor and chicken flavor form.
Charlotte’s Web CBD oil contains a large variety of naturally occurring cannabidiols and hemp-derived cannabinoids. Cannabinoids and various CBD are present in combination with MCT oil that aids digestion. The formulation enhances brain function and immunity. It also improves digestive tract functionality and resolves gastrointestinal discomforts.
- Pesticides free
- No damage-causing chemicals in it
- Uses USA grown hemp
- Tested more than 20 times, safe to use
- Full-spectrum cannabidiol including derived and natural cannabinoids
- Aids digestion reduces anxiety
- Easy to administer – comes with a plastic dropper
- Cause terriers to experience dryness of mouth
Relievet CBD Oil
Relievet makes CBD oils for terriers from high-quality USA-grown hemp. Their products contain cannabinoids, cannabidiol, and essential supplements to boost the health condition of terriers.
The Relievet CBD oils contain antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents that reduce inflammation, pain and prevent damage from oxidative stress.
There are four different formulations of distinctive strengths for terriers of different weights. Each formulation contains fatty and omega acids, naturally occurring CBD, naturally retained terpenes, and antioxidants.
Relievet CBD oil is available in strengths 150mg, 400mg, 800mg, and 1500mg. each bottle is of one ounce and contains 30ml of the formulation. 150mg strength is for baby terrier of weight between 1 to 15 pounds. Dogs with a weight between 16 to 40 pounds can use 400mg CBD strength.
Terriers of weight between 41 and 90 pounds can use 800mg strength. A dog with a weight of 91 pounds to 200 pounds can use a Relivet bottle with 1500mg strength.
- Broad spectrum
- Four different strengths
- No THC
- Organic, finest quality product
- Contains Antioxidants
- No flavor options
Medterra CBD for Dogs
Medterra CBD items for dogs, including cannabidiol oils, chews, or treats, are suitable for improving joint functioning and supporting mobility. The company focuses on improving the mental and physical condition of your terrier to support healthy growth.
Medterra CBD items for terriers are free from THC and provide pure extracts of cannabidiol and cannabinoids. The product is available in pet-friendly flavorings, including chicken, beef, and unflavored.
Medterra CBD tinctures are of three variant strengths and are available in a 30ml bottle. These strengths are 150mg per 30ml, 300mg per 30ml and 750mg per 30ml.
- 100% pure CBD extract
- Three strengths
- Lab tested
- Available in three flavors
- Dogs may drink more water than the usual routine
CBDPet Hemp Oil Extract
CBDPet hemp oil extract is one of the best full spectrum cannabidiol-containing oil obtained by using the process of cold press extraction. The process is used to retain the natural value and content of the hemp plant and avoid any chemical contamination. Also, organically cultivated hemp plants from Colorado are used to make the CBDPet hemp oil extract of the highest quality with help of CO2 Extraction.
It is suitable for terrier dogs of older age with allergies and anxiety issues as it contains supplements and multiple beneficial CBD forms that reduce anxiety.
- Organic hemp of highest quality
- Delivers 3.3mg per serving of premium quality
- Provides all-natural, full-spectrum CBD types
- Comes with an attached dropper for easy administration
- Third-party tested
- 90-days money-back guarantee
- Each bottle contains 100mg of cannabidiol
- Does not require veterinary visits
- Easily available and legal in 50 states
- Has no flavor options
The above-mentioned CBD items of various brands are some of the best products for terriers. A terrier dog is very active but under stressful conditions becomes hyperactive. Honest Paws dog oil is one of the best choices to calm an anxious terrier with arthritis and seizure issues. Innovet dog treats are one of the best treats with zero THC content making them non-psychoactive and safe for consumption. If your dog is aging, Nuleaf Naturals can be your best choice. Joy Organics tinctures and Relivet oils are one of the best broad-spectrum CBD items. If you are looking for full-spectrum CBD oil, you can consider Charolette’s Web and CBDPet Hemp Oil Extract.
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