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Can Marijuana Treat Depressive Disorders?

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Medical marijuana is getting the same popularity as a magic pill, if not more. With a little research, scientists have collected a lot of evidence on the wonders it can do including mental health problems.

According to a study last year, people who used marijuana reported to have fewer symptoms of depression. Smoking marijuana alleviates signs of anxiety and depressive attacks within a short time. However, the effect does not work in the long run, and the symptoms appear again. This study appears online in the Journal of Affective Disorders.

Scientists from Washington State University in Pullman conducted this study. They examined data from around 12000 people through a mobile application. The application enables medical marijuana consumers to keep track of apparent symptoms before the substance use. They can also note down the outcomes in the form of signs after cannabis use. This way, they can compare the two results, and the researchers used the comparison for their study.

There is little research on the effects of marijuana on depressive disorders. Most of the research is linking with the properties of the active compound tetrahydrocannabinol which is present in the substance. According to scientists from the study, the subjects under interest did not consume the product in lab premises. It was instead an observational study that allowed the users to consume the product in their comfort zone instead of a laboratory.

Marijuana with the adjusted ratio is helpful in managing the symptoms

Marijuana with a ratio adjusted according to higher cannabidiol (CBD) and low tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) was efficient in reducing depression-related symptoms. However, the long term effects turned out to be perplexing. They found that the signs in the long term aggravated.

In the case of anxiety, there was no fixed ratio required as in depression to alleviate the symptoms. Ten puffs were enough to lower the levels of stress in the users.

An important factor to acknowledge is the importance of both active compounds in easing the symptoms. CBD and THD both are equally significant in treating depressive disorder if the ratio is correct.

Gender wise, women encountered lesser symptoms of anxiety and depression in using marijuana in comparison to men. All these results point towards the fact that proper awareness and guidance to people is the need of the hour so that they can benefit from the substance.

medical marijuana for depression

Marijuana can also alleviate symptoms of chronic stress

There has been another research in 2015 in the University of Buffalo’s Research Institute on Addictions. The scientists examined that endocannabinoids are associated with better moods in people. These are chemicals present in the brain and activate the same receptors as tetrahydrocannabinol.

On rodent testing, the scientists concluded that endocannabinoids are not produced in sufficient quantities in people suffering from chronic stress. THC could fill up the scarcity and hence could be used as a substitute for the chemical. Not only that, it might help normalize the chemical function and reduce depressive disorder symptoms.

Are the effects only short term?

A little evidence is present to prove that cannabis can be used as an antidepressant. However, there are some significant loopholes in this evidence. According to a phenomenon Amotivational Syndrome, people who consume marijuana lose empathic skills. Moreover, they tend to isolate themselves and have a lesser than average capability to carry out daily activities.

So even though marijuana shortly treats the apparent signs of depressive disorders, it lacks the tendency to provide a permanent cure. Also, scientists suggest adopting to vaping as it is less harmful than smoking.

There is a dire need for all organizations and researching bodies to sit on a table and have an extended framework for research. With more states legalizing the medical marijuana laws and decriminalizing possession, there is a hope that scientists will dive deeper into looking multi dimensionally into the problem. This way they will be able to find ways to improvise the potential of the substance for the treatment of depression.

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Cannabis

Do ancient people of China consumed marijuana?

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People have not started using marijuana these days. They were smoking marijuana almost 2,500 years ago. It is revealed at the result of the excavation of the ancient Chinese tomb.

The evidence of utilization of Cannabis

Archaeologists discovered proof of burned cannabis that contained a high amount of THC. It was found on wooden incense burners. It was also reported that they found 10 burners. And all burners had traces of cannabinol. These burners are called braziers. They were found at an ancient site (Jirzankal Cemetery). It is in western China on Pamir Plateau.

The residues were found in the wooden incense burners. Its chemical composition was tested in the laboratory by using an identification procedure called gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The results revealed that the residue is burned cannabis.

A researcher and professor from the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences told the news reporters that to our fervor we distinguished the biomarkers of cannabis in the absolute first test and it appeared in the internal burned layer. As it was a great deal to identify the cannabis from the residues that were 2,500 years ago.

Moreover, there is also proof of the cultivation of cannabis in eastern China going back to at least 3500 BCE. Cannabis was also cultivated in East Asia from at least 4000 BC.

At that time the essential use of cannabis appears to have been as an oil-seed and fiber crop. But this cannabis had low psychoactive properties. That clearly means that those people were not taking marijuana to get high. They use to utilize plants that had exceptionally low amounts of THC. It means that the people of that era were also aware of the side effects of consuming more THC.

From all this evidence it is proved that cannabis was used in China from a long ago. And people are harvesting it for a long time.

Interesting fact

From all these investigations and testings researchers also found something else from the residues of cannabis in wooden burners. That is the amount of THC was usually more than the THC found in wild plants. It clearly means that the people choose the plants that had higher levels of THC and then utilized it.

They used to smoke cannabis as a part of custom or religious activity. Researchers wrote in their examinations that their religious activities were mostly associated with burials. For instance, they focused to communicate with God or the deadly people.

Trading of Cannabis

Researchers have found that the people used to trade cannabis along the early trade routes of Silk road. At that time cannabis was not so commonly used around the world. People were also unaware of its psychoactive effects.

The Silk Road played a vital role in early trading of cannabis, placing central Asia at the heart of the ancient world. The investigations imply that the use of cannabis for custom and religious activities spread along the trade routes of Silk road.

Importance of these researches

These researchers helped us to know about the cultures of ancient people. And we come to know about the importance of cannabis in their lives. It also gave us information about the human acknowledgment of phytochemicals in plants. And we also came to know about the difference between the perspectives of modern and ancient people about cannabis.

 

 

 

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Cannabis

What Are the Amendments in Nevada’s Marijuana Laws?

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CANNABIS NEVADA

Nevada has gone through many amendments in its marijuana laws since the full legalization of marijuana. The latest amendment is the addition of Assembly Bill 533 in the legislation.

The Governor of state signed the bill a few days ago. According to the bill, the local administrative bodies in Nevada will not be allowed to license cannabis for social usage in business. The bill also directed towards the formation of a CCB – Cannabis Compliance Board.

Additionally, employers belonging to the state will have no right to not to give jobs to people based on a positive cannabis test. The law will come into action the next year, making it the only US state to have a law of such kind.

Employers followed the controlled drug list prior to the amendment

In the past, people had to undergo drug screening tests before employers hired for a certain job. The drugs included all those listed in the controlled substance list by Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

The list also still includes cannabis, which is a hot topic among many sectors, sports being one of them. The situation has changed for Nevada, as the recent amendments have shown flexibility in terms of hiring employees for different jobs. The Compliance Board, however, comes with certain reservations.

The law was not unanimous

The law does not apply to all jobs unanimously. Technical jobs and jobs demanding precision are excluded from the law. For instance, vehicle operating jobs, firefighting, and all other jobs critical for the safety of the general public are not going to have any leniency in terms of hiring new employees for the job.

Moreover, the new law also states that if in any case, the recruiters are aiming for a screening test, then the individual under question holds a legal right to opt for other screening tests for the confutation of the test result. The hiring side will have to accede to the rules.

The law is a good call for employment rates in the state of Nevada

This will ultimately decrease the chance of association between cannabis legalization and unemployment in the state. The bill will not only ensure employment opportunities but also secures public safety regulatory measures. Marijuana for recreational purposes was officially made available two years ago in the state.

Similar happened in New York City, NY when the city council approved a similar bill that also ceased the condition of not hiring new employees if they showed positive test results. However, on full legalization of cannabis in Maine for recreational use, there is no proper law lifting the ban even though the authorities have not allowed the employers to let the consumption hinder in the employment process.

What reservations does the Compliance Board have about cannabis for social use?

The Compliance Board would be off-setting cannabis provision for social usage in mid-year of 2021. The council vote of its capital Los Vegas, however, could be a ray of hope for creating business opportunities in the city with the increment in the revenue for legal retailers.

The first batch permitted for the “social usage” would have been these retailers in the first year of the application. Until the state government permits, the authorities will not be licensing businesses relating to marijuana consumption.

It would create a backlash for the industry in the time when it is just at the point of budding. However, at the moment, the state government will be prioritizing lawful regulation of for businesses for social use.

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How is Marijuana Gum Good for Health?

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Marijuana gum is getting massive popularity in the CBD infused edibles market. With its zestful flavor and health benefits that are associated with it, it is becoming freely available at various cash counters in stores across the country. However, that is not the end here as marijuana gums, also, do not contain the psychoactive substance, THC.

The special ingredient in cannabis gum is the component with the most health efficacy, cannabidiol (CBD). The chewing gums are not just for pleasure purposes, and they come with a guarantee to have medicinal properties in them. For instance, manufacturers guarantee that they are helpful in inflammation, chronic pain, and seizures associated with epilepsy. It is safe to say that cannabis chewing gums serve more like a pharmaceutical product than an eatable.

The advantages are not limited to chronic pain and inflammation relief

The advantages do not stop there with curing ailments like any other regular consumption method will do. In fact, these are rendered potent enough to alleviate signs of upset digestion. These signs include acidity, bloating in the stomach, stomach aches, diarrhea, and irritable bowel syndrome that affects 11% of US population.

Researches indicate cannabis chewing gums to be effective in regulating defecation process by balancing its duration. It has been proved beneficial in treating other disorders relating to physical health as well as mental health, psychosis being one of them.

What is the composition of cannabis chewing gum?

Although the various benefits of cannabis chewing gums look great, there might be some side effects resulting from the gum, given its intrinsic property as a pharmaceutical substance rather than an ordinary edible.

However, on the bright side, cannabis gums would not get you high. Moreover, the pharmaceutical gum infused with cannabis is free of sugar and is reportedly free of chemical preservatives. The composition ratio goes as:
• Natural cannabidiol – 10 mg
• Hemp seed oil – 50 mg

It is more of a pharmaceutical gum

Manufacturers make sure to remove the psychoactive component of the plant, tetrahydro cannabidiol (THC) from the finished product that could be otherwise a cause of alternate behavior on product use.

Cannabis consumption is going on for a long time ago, but the methods of consumption were limited. With more awareness of its benefits and advancement in technology, more innovative ways of use are coming on the rise. The invention of these products serves more than an eatable – it is the introduction of the new nutraceuticals.

With the product being legalized in 29 states, the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) confirms it to be playing a vital role in the alleviation of common conditions like inflammation and chronic pain.

They get metabolized differently in the body

Cannabis chewing gums, unlike the capsules, do not get metabolized in the liver before reaching all parts of the human body through the bloodstream. Rather they function differently by hitting every part of the body without first creating any metabolites that could cause side effects resulting in undesirable consequences.

The cannabis dosage is usually low in the gums, thus alleviating the chances of adverse effects and making them suitable for handling light and moderate pain. However, there is a need for more research on the effects of cannabis gums on the consumer to fully understand the effects.

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