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An Overview Of Marijuana Laws In Uruguay – The First Country To Legalize Weed

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Uruguay

 

One of the various countries that legalized marijuana, is now Uruguay. The marijuana legislation in the South American country allows the use of recreational cannabis. Back in December 2013, Uruguay successfully became the first country to authorize marijuana. The country with a total population of over 3.5 million at the time, released the Uruguay legal cannabis movement which was an incredibly pioneering effort for the legalization. Moreover, this laid the foundation for Canada to follow the footsteps of Uruguay, and become the second country to legalize marijuana in 2018.

However, with the legalization, followed multiple hurdles. Although groundbreaking, after the legislation was passed, the path towards the execution to the general public, was unsteady and was even abruptly paused at many times. The Brookings Institution, in March 2018, examined the challenges and opportunities of the legalization in Uruguay. Ultimately, the researchers discovered the threat of the illegal market. They believed that the framework of the current regulation was insufficient to completely replace and end the illegal market.

The majority of the banks in Uruguay denied the exploration of any business with marijuana organizations in the fear of refusal for prospective businesses emerging from the United Nations members, and the financial institutions in the United States, due to their classification of marijuana as an illegal drug. Four years after the law was passed, in 2017, only 17 out of the 1,000 government pharmacies were offering cannabis, owing to the significant pressure from the banks. Moreover, those 1 pharmacies sold cannabis on a cash basis to avoid any bank transactions or association.

Marijuana consumption in Uruguay

The World Health Organization’s efforts to reclassify marijuana and also acknowledge the medicinal advantages of the plant show great promise of a legal cannabis industry in many countries. However, the National Police and the Ministry f Health have been indecisive over the policies and their enforcement.

According to the Uruguay drug laws, cannabis availability to the citizens and permanent residents of Uruguay, 18 and older, is permitted. However, tourists are not granted permission. Cannabis is legally allowed to be purchased only from pharmacies managed under the government. Any eligible individual may purchase up to 1.4 ounces, or 40 grams, per month.

Moreover, the cannabis laws of Uruguay strictly forbid any use of cannabis in indoor public spaces where tobacco use is not allowed. Any promotion or advertising is also forbidden. Non-medical (recreational users) are instructed to purchase marijuana from one of the 3 legalized forms of cannabis available

  • Home-grown
  • Commercial purchase
  • Clubs

After the passing of the law, pharmacies were not initially required to sell cannabis and were given the option to not be involved in the cannabis industry. This initiated more popularity for the few pharmacies that actually do sell marijuana. The government is creating dispensaries designated with a specific form of cannabis.

Cultivation

According to the marijuana law of Uruguay, each citizen is granted permission to cultivate to 6 plants at home. However, the yield was legally limited to 17 ounces (480 grams) of marijuana yearly. Cannabis grower clubs were allowed to have a minimum of 15 workers and a maximum of 45 members. Moreover, they were legally allowed to grow an increasing number of plants, proportional to the marijuana quota (annual) per member. The only 2 commercially grown cannabis strains authorized by the government, both have a 9% THC cap. Commercial growers are instructed o apply individually for the state license for the legal production and sale of cannabis. Up until March 2018, only 2 companies were given the state license, which led to a shortage in supply.

In February 2019, officials began the issuance of applications to authorize producers to legally grow commercial marijuana. The authorized growers would have a production quota of 4400 pounds, or 2000 kilograms, annually, of dried flower. No other products were allowed. Furthermore, every producer would be given 3 hectares of land owned by the government) with the plants grown indoors.

Authorization and testing

The Ministry of Public Health is the regulating authority through the Institute for the Regulation and Control of Cannabis (IRCCA). Currently, no lab testing is required in Uruguay. While the cannabis flower’s availability is legalized, the procedures for the approval of CBD and medical cannabis have had their hurdles. The Cannabis Monitor Uruguay states that 23% of medical cannabis patients, have purchased it from out of Uruguay. However, the ones who do avail of medical cannabis from within the country, have done so either

  • with the means of self-cultivation (either with or without any registration in the IRCCA) or
  • through the supply given by other individuals, such as producers of extracts, growers, etc.)

An executive order in 2015,  directed the IRCCA to legally authorize the medical physicians to only prescribe cannabis in monthly dosages. However, there was the availability of only 1 CBD product, i.e Epifractan, by prescription. It is at either, 2% or 5% extracts, and are imported into the country in 10-millimeter vials.

Synthetic cannabinoids or the cannabinoid oral sprays need prescriptions with restrictions and specifications, directly issued from the Ministry of Public Health, to qualify them for an exception. The validity of the prescriptions is 30 days before a new one would need to be issued. During the period of 30 days, the patients are not permitted to access other forms of legalized cannabis.

The benefits of legalization

3 years after the successful legalization of recreational cannabis, the former president of the country’s national drug agency, Diego Olivera, considered it to be a “tangible” success. Amidst the legalization, the opponents predicted numerous calamities, none of which occurred. Some of the advantages of legalization included

  • The consumption of marijuana among teens in high school did not drastically increase.
  • The perception regarding the risks associated with marijuana, which was a primary worry for opponents, maintained stability among adolescents.
  • There was an increase in the consumption of marijuana among adults. However, the rate of consumption was typically similar to the rate before the elections.

However, according to Olivera, there was no deterioration in the public health indicators, which would be a red flag suggesting the reversal of the legalization. The legalization in Uruguay proved to be a positive step towards the cannabis industry and laid the foundation for cannabis legalizations in other countries and states. While medical cannabis and recreational cannabis have their own advantages, positive ongoing research urges more countries to reconsider the illegality of cannabis.

 

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Cannabis Industry- A Way to Business or Social Justice in Society

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Cannabis- Business or Way to Provide Social Justice in Society

For many, the booming cannabis industry is a blessing. Within the passage of two decades, cannabis has become a taboo substance to a highly profitable thing available in the dispensaries. According to research in 2019 the cannabis industry has alone provided 33000 jobs. Also, these jobs come with an average income that is 10.7 percent more than the national average income. As cannabis is becoming more common and mainstream many people don’t see any harm coming their way. All they see is an opportunity. Legalizing cannabis can be a significant way to improve society.

ALSO READ:The Legalization of Cannabis across USA; What’s the Real Reason Behind?

Cannabis Positive Side

Native cultures use cannabis for healing, spiritual and medical reasons. One of the largest cannabis markets in the world is America. Under federal law using, possessing, and sale of marijuana is still illegal. According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, the laws are still shifting. The ballot states that soon cannabis will be legal for adult recreational use in many states. In addition to this, it is also estimated that medical use of marijuana will also be allowed in many states. Many people still don’t believe that marijuana is becoming a big business deal.

Decades of drug arrests, violence, sentencing, and imprisonment have tangled the relationship between black and brown communities. According to Stormy Simon, the executive director of the board for Mission Green states that there are many large companies making millions and many people remain in prison because of the classification of the marijuana plant as a Schedule 1 Drug in the same state where adults use is legal. It looks that the cannabis dispensaries are also increasing in number in society along with the pandemic yet the drug remains illegal in others.

A Quick View on the War of Drugs

Social equity becomes a key question. Advocates who look forward to legalizing marijuana have argued for social justice. After decades of the long drug war, they targeted minority, poor communities and societies only. Social justice has been a turning point that has also become the selling point of these drugs in Ney York and New Jersey among many other states that still wait to decide whether to join the states that allow the recreational use of weed or not. It is impossible to talk about marijuana and social equity without really knowing the war of drugs and its after-effects.

ALSO READ:Misinformation About Illicit drugs Can Have Severe Consequences

Nixon Era

President Nixon is famously known for his racist views. He declared drug abuse as public enemy number 1 officially culminating the war on drugs. Many people argued that this move is targeting anti-war activists and wage a systematic war against Black Americans, fighting for civil wars.

Conclusion

Many people see a very positive side of the marijuana industry. According to Brittany K Barnett, a lawyer and co-founder state that bold and brave actions are required by the cannabis companies and legislation. She urges that marijuana justice means everyone can achieve economic equity and general social equity. The U.S House of Representatives has passed the Marijuana Opportunity Reinvestment and Expungement Act that the bill has removed marijuana from the controlled substances list.
White believes that cannabis and its related industry can provide many advantages. Not only entrepreneurial opportunities for people of color. One day he expects as a culture and society people to learn the power of this plant. We are not going to over-consume it. Indeed we all are going to use it respectfully.

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How to Make Ice Cream Infused with Cannabis

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Cannabis Infused Ice Cream

Some of the common ways to consume marijuana are smoking, vaping, and dabbing. Yet when it comes to edibles then it is another great idea. Some of the treats that you can enjoy at your home are cookies, lollipops, and cannabis-infused ice cream. You just need to follow the simple instructions and enjoy mouthwatering treats.

Initial Three Steps

There are three initial steps that you need to follow to make ice cream. You need to complete these processes before making ice cream because they may take several hours or even more time. The three steps are strain, decarboxylation, and arranging the equipment.

Strain

The first step is to select any marijuana strain depending on the effect that you wish for. Just focus on the 15 best strains that may be used for the edibles producing different effects and the ones that you like. The weed ice cream is defined by the potency and dosage depending on the CBD and THC ratio.

Decarboxylation

Decarboxylation is the activation of the compound CBD in weed. The process is a bit complicated. This process is time-consuming that may take several hours. You should start this process beforehand. To get the desired effects you should follow all the steps correctly.

ALSO READ: Easy To Do Recipe For Cannabis Tinctures

Equipment to Use

You require a stove, spoons, saucepans, bowls, and mixer or a hand blender. In addition to this, it will be a perfect idea if you have an ice cream maker. In case you don’t have it just make sure to have a container that fits in your freezer properly.

Cannabis Basic Ice Cream Recipe

The taste of the ice cream differs. Majority of people like the taste of cannabis-infused ice cream. It is an easy recipe followed by 4 ingredients. You will need 4 eggs, ½ cup caster sugar, and 1tsp Vanilla extract. To make simple cannabis cream use 2 cups of heavy cream and 5-10g of marijuana, decarboxylated.
An important thing to consider is the dosage of the weed material that varies according to the strain and individuality. The additional equipment to make this ice cream are cloth or fine mesh, saucepan, and hand mixer. Firstly take a medium saucepan. Secondly, take cannabis and heavy cream and combine them. Then cook below a simmer for 1 hour, strain it through fine mesh or cheesecloth. Lastly, add the non-infused ice cream and mix it with a blender or mixer for half a minute. Just chill it and then it’s ready to use for the ice cream.

ALSO READ: Catering Company Mixes CANNABIS with FOOD

Methodology to Follow

The first step is to take 2 large bowls, separate the yolks and the egg whites and place them in the other bowls. After this, you require to beat the egg whites stiff with a mixer. You can test the consistency by seeing if the peaks form. Once you are done with this then you may add the caster sugar gradually; 1 tsp at a time until 1/4th cup of castor sugar is consumed. Mix the yolks with the rest of the castor sugar and you will find a thick mixture. Add vanilla extract to the mixture and combine both the egg mixtures while folding them smoothly. Now is the correct time to incorporate cannabis cream into the egg mixture. Make sure they are combined perfectly without any lumps. Lastly, you can take any container and pour all the mixture. Allow it to freeze for 3-4 hours.

How to create cannabis ice cream for vegans?

An alternative to heavy cream can be used to make it suitable for vegans. You can use 1 can of coconut cream instead of heavy cream. Also in place of milk, it is suggested that you use 1 can of coconut milk.

Can You Calculate the Potency of Weed in Ice Cream?

Several factors come into play to determine the potency of any edible. For instance, strain, dosage, health conditions, and susceptibility of an individual. Therefore it is advisable to start with a small dosage as it is very hard to calculate the potency of the homemade food items.

 

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Cannabis Packaging- Need to Recycle

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Cannabis Packaging Recycling

Have you ever purchased a few buds of cannabis? You must have noticed the excessive packaging that comes along with it. Based on the laws and regulations it is that way but something can be done in this manner to make our campaign go green running. These packings are thrown away, adding more waste to the landfills.

Save The Earth

We need to save earth from the landfills. The containers that we use currently are decent in size and shape. However, these containers are made up of cheap plastics and cardboard that add up to the wastes. It doesn’t matter whether you are a chain smoker or an occasional one but the amount of waste from purchasing the cannabis keeps on adding up. Imagine a person who smokes cannabis every day. Then this person is likely to go to the dispensary every week or might be on alternate days. The amount of packaging waste will be a lot. Imagine accumulating the packaging waste for a month, two, and then might is a year or two it will be a lot.

Recycling Cannabis Packaging

We can have a system where we can recycle all the cannabis packaging just the way we do in the case of cans and bottles. Might be the government can add a small incentive so that people dispose of the packaging properly. This incentive will help to reduce and lessen the impact of disposal on our environment. The Alberta Bottle Depot Association in Canada states that only cannabis producers will be responsible for innovating, investing in, and funding cannabis package recycling solutions.

Think Twice Before Throwing

Before you even think of throwing the cannabis packaging you should consider recycling the packaging. Just give it some time. You can come up with a variety of ideas. Consider using it for a variety of purposes like using glass jars for growing flowers at home. We can even reuse rather than recycling. Make it a point to ask your dispensary about their reuse or recycling program for cannabis packaging.

Also, some dispensaries will allow you to reuse the exit bags; most of them will not allow customers to reuse the packaging that contains marijuana products earlier. On the other hand, some dispensaries do offer recycling services and incentives for bringing old containers. In case your dispensary doesn’t offer any recycling or reusing of the exit bags then you should contact them on their website or their social media page. The very successful dispensary owners pay a lot of attention to their ratings and reviews.

How to Recycle Cannabis Packaging?

Even if none of the local dispensaries offers recycling options you can always use your creativity. There are several options to reuse the cannabis packaging. Companies like Colorado’s Green for Green are working to transform Cannabis container usage. Not only this, but it also aims to provide recycling bins around the Front Range.

Another very good option is the charitable organizations that accept such containers and sends them to countries that need medical supply containers. You can remove the labels on the glass and plastic containers by removing the glue from hot water. Also for recycling the plastic containers you need to watch the bottom of the container to see the triangle and the number that it contains. You have to act according to the number in the triangle. It looks like coming to the culmination but recently recycling has a different story due to China’s denial to accept any more American waste.

Some More Tips

You can even use the glass jars and excessive packaging to organize your things like screws, small pins, and nails, or any of the loose items lying in your drawers. You can make a pen and pencil holders for your office desk by simply cutting the top of the plastic containers. Try using DIY hacks too.

ALSO READ: The Legalization of Cannabis across USA; What’s the Real Reason Behind?

It’s high time that cannabis is legalized and there is a boom in sales so its manufacturers should just not focus on the green plants but also the planet. It is an ideal condition that everyone pays a little attention to this concern and invest in a proper reusable container that they can refill every time.

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