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Cannabis legalization in New Zealand

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Cannabis legalization

When we talk about the status of cannabis legalization in New Zealand, we come to know that the Misuse of Drugs Act 1975 considers cannabis an illegal drug. Individuals who use or supply cannabis get punishment according to their laws and regulations.

Considering the prospects of cannabis, Helen Clark Foundation has released a report. This report stands as an advocate for legalizing and regulating cannabis. Furthermore, there is going to be a referendum next year that will decide the future of cannabis in New Zealand. Hence, the people of New Zealand have the opportunity to decide which direction to follow.

It is an obvious fact that the effect on people’s behavior is least by the fear of criminal sanctions. They do whatever they like or want to do. Despite the fact that cannabis is illegal in New Zealand, reports from longitudinal studies indicate that 80% people living in New Zealand have tried cannabis at least once by the age of 25.

Therefore, the approaches of prohibition have not eliminated and will not eliminate cannabis usage and supply in New Zealand or any other country where its consumption is exhibited.

Less harmful than alcohol and tobacco

According to the British scientist David Nutt, former chair of the Advisory Council, on the Misuse of Drugs, the use of cannabis is really less damaging to human health as compared to other drugs like alcohol and tobacco.

This is the reason many countries have legalized the usage and supply of cannabis. Uruguay, Canada and many other states in the United States Of America have legalized the use and supply of cannabis.

Ethnic disparity

Without the legalization of cannabis, considerable ethnic disparities in prosecution and arrest for cannabis-related business are also likely to continue.

Certainly, the current system in the New Zealand relating to drugs is terribly unfair for the Indigenous people, Maori. They carry an unequal and unjust burden of the convictions and sentences for drug-related offending. The Indigenous people, Maori are almost 15% of the total population of New Zealand. Yet Maori between the ages of 17 to 24 make up 37% of all the prosecutions and convictions for drug possession which is totally unfair to them.

But the positive sign is that the ruling party of the New Zealand is eager to lessen the number of prisoners. They can achieve this objective in a moderate way with the legalization of cannabis in the country.

This is the right time for the people of New Zealand to admit and accept the prevalent consumption of cannabis in the region and to regulate and legalize it systematically. They achieve no productive aim by declaring its status illegal. There is a dire need of cannabis legalization.

There would be many benefits if the New Zealanders vote in favor of the cannabis legalization in the upcoming referendum.  It would not only be a positive sign for the social justice but also for a balanced society. It would also play a vital role in diminishing the country’s large prison population. Cannabis related health issues would also be resolved.

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Cannabis

Wastewater of These Urban Centers Are Telling About Drugs

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A pilot study examined wastewater in Canada’s five main urban centers. The research suggests that the drug usage depends on the city from which the corresponding wastewater is coming.

For instance, an analysis via Statistics Canada depicted that levels of cannabis are much on the rise in Montreal and Halifax. These rates are much more than observed in Edmonton, Toronto and Vancouver.

However, the research analysis from last week showed meth levels to be considerably more in Toronto and Edmonton. Furthermore, Halifax showed significantly lower amount of meth levels in the wastewater. The overall difference was six times to that of the rates scientists observed from Toronto’s wastewater.

Moreover, cocaine consumption was apparently equal in all the cities that were under observation. This averaged to 340 grams per million in 7 days.

Montreal and Halifax wastewater contained the highest amounts of cannabis waste products and lowest amount of meth. This suggests that different major urban centers might also have different drug usage patterns and policies.

How did Statistics Canada conduct the study?

For the results, the organization collected samples of some wastewater coming from treatment plants. These treatment plants belonged to five different cities that tested for certain traces of substances between the spring of last year to February 2019.

Scientists took the samples every half hour daily for seven days. Furthermore, they used the data to estimate the monthly consumption and levels of the traces.

Statistics Canada showed that the test localities in integration served 8.4 million citizens, which makes a fifth of the total population in Canada.

For cannabis, scientists analysed the compound with the name THC-COOH. This is a tetra hydrocannabidiol acetate that is a waste product from the metabolism of cannabis. The samples from the wastewater showed that this compound had higher levels in Montreal and Halifax in comparison to the other three cities. Additionally, the range was 2.5 to 3.8 times elevated.

Moreover, it also suggested that consumption varied on the season. Most of the spikes are in December, June and May.

The aims behind the pilot study

Statistics Canada showed that the aim of the pilot study was to analyse the efficacy of the drug testing idea through anonymous measures. This also pointed to the popularity of the drugs in different cities.

The study analysed the difference in the minimal drug levels between the cities. Furthermore, it suggested that the levels cannot solely determine the consumption rate of the specific drugs. There is a need to include other important external factors as well. These include potency of the drug and the sewer condition that could influence the levels.

For instance, with more popularity of cannabis edibles in one city than the other, the excretion rates would vary. This is because excretion rates of smoked cannabis and the edibles are different from each other.

However, the report analysed that the influence of these differences in the rates might be inconsiderable. Furthermore, drug consumption differences was the most potent factor in the game.

Furthermore, there is a need for more research to improve the accuracy of these drug testing techniques. This will ensure better treatment methods.

 

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Celebrities Who Own Cannabis Brands

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Now that cannabis is getting legal very swiftly across various states of the world, more and more people are making their way in its trading. The cannabis business is getting popular with every passing day.

Greater amounts of individuals are willing to invest in this as CBD products are yielding much higher profit margins. Hence there is no surprise a great number of people from different professions especially entertainment and sports are making an effort to get into action in this field.

The following are some celebrities with their cannabis/CBD extracted brands.

Willie Nelson 

Willie Nelson hails from America. He is a musician, producer and, poet as well. Nelson is regarded as one of the most acknowledged American musicians because of the success of his album Shotgun Willie and Red Headed Stranger. He has acted in many movies and also wrote many books.

Willie Nelson is a strong supporter of cannabis legalization and also he owns a brand by the name “Willie’s Reserve”. This store sells actual cannabis, hard edibles and also CBC extracted chocolates.

Whoopi Goldberg

Whoopi Goldberg is a comedian and author from America. She has won many awards including an Academy Award, a Tony Award, an Emmy Award and, a Grammy Award. For acting, she is one of the few black women who have won an Academy Award.

In 2008, Whoopi Goldberg and Maya Elizabeth initiated their cannabis venture by the name “Whoopi & Maya”. This company sells the products of bath, body balms, edibles and tinctures.

Rob Gronkowski 

After playing for nine years in NFL, Robert Gronkowski took retirement from professional sports this year in March. He has set many records including Three Super Bowl wins.

Gronkowski has partnered with Abacus Health and initiated his new business of making pain treatment products by using CBD extracted products. Its name is CBDMedic.

Robert Gronkowski’s performance was declining in his last days of playing and he was very much disturbed. He tried his best to overcome his weaknesses and improve the game but all in vain. Eventually, he decided to part ways with the NFL. As a recovery, Gronkowski initiated a new venture. He wants the NFL should lift their restriction on CBD to assist players in pain treatment.

Bob Marley 

Bob Marley was a singer and writer from Jamaica. He was one of the founders of reggae and also one of the reasons for Jamaican music popularity across the world. For many years, he remained a global figure in the world.

His brand “Marley Natural” sells legal herbs and also high-end pipes and containers for storage.

Melissa Etheridge 

Melissa is a singer and guitarist hailing from America. She got famous after the release of her first album Melissa Etheridge in 1988. Melissa has won two Grammy Awards in her career.

Melissa was diagnosed with cancer in 2004 and hence went through chemotherapy. She used medical cannabis in her battle with breast cancer. Since then, she collaborated with Greenway Compassionate Relief and manufactured her wine known as “Greenway wine”.

Ivan Moody 

Ivan Moody is an actor and also a vocalist of American band Five Finger Death Punch. He has recently started his new venture related to cannabis. His company “Moody’s Medicinals” sells CBD sprays for throats and also CBD extracted water.

 

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What’s the Deal with Cannabis in New Mexico?

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New Mexico

New Mexico has become the 24th state of being allowing the decriminalization of cannabis. The governor is looking for more and arranging a group of working members that will be focusing on legalizing cannabis next year.

Decriminalization in the state of New Mexico happened this year recently. The governor had signed a petition for legalizing it in April 2019.

There is still a fine of fifty US dollars on possessing cannabis in New Mexico

Before the new law, the state considered the possession of the substance as a criminal offense. Now, the residents of the state can possess cannabis for up to half an ounce. The individual will not be subjected to punishment in the form of jail. However, there is a fine of $50.

In addition to cannabis decriminalization, the police have also decreased the punishment for possessing paraphernalia. Same things are being expected from the state of Hawaii. The governor there gave a statement last week that he would not use his veto for a decriminalization bill in the state. The bill will offer no punishment for people possessing cannabis of three or fewer grams.

The advocates have applauded the reformative notion. However, there is also a disappointment from their side. According to them, it was a thing of disappointment that New Mexico state could not move towards legalization of the substance.

Governor held a campaign on that issue too. During the last week, she declared making a group of working members. These members will have to study and observe legal cannabis campaigns and program in other states of the United States. This way, there will be further recommendations on how to approach the full legalization of cannabis next year.

New York faced a similar situation

New Mexico is not the only state to have faced this issue. Moreover, New York also joins the league as it has also encountered this situation in the past few months. Legislative bodies have badly failed at compromising on a legalizing bill even after many months of table talks.

The legislative authorities, however, passed another legislation. This legislation expanded the decriminalization policy of the state. According to it, if a person possesses cannabis of two or fewer ounces, he will have to pay a fine of 200 USD.

Illinois status on the cannabis legalization in comparison to New Mexico

Illinois became the 11th US state to have legalized cannabis for adult use in June this year. The governor signed an extensive bill that will be offering mass expungement and program establishment. It will be for assisting people from communities that have faced discrimination in regards to the prohibition of the product.

The law will be actionable from January 1, 2020. At the same time, representatives from the Texas House also approved a decriminalization bill in April 2019. However, the Senate did not approve of it.

Chances are, cannabis will be getting full legalization if this practice also continues in different states. The process of decriminalization is not fully beneficial for the people. However, it gives them a ray of h

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